#### The quality control manager at a light-bulb factory needs to estimate the mean life of a new type of light-bulb. The population standard deviation…

1. The quality control manager at a light-bulb factory needs to estimate the mean life of a new type of light-bulb. The population standard deviation is assumed to be 65 hours. A random sample of 40 light-bulbs shows a sample mean life of 505 hours. Construct and explain a 95{58c50e6204e66a2fb38b62b794f668df19a01f244e0d370252913e7b0d8d6892} confidence interval estimate of the population mean life of the new light-bulb.

2. A survey of first-time home buyers found that the sample mean annual income was $42,300. Assume that the survey used a sample of 27 first-time home buyers and that the sample standard deviation was $1,125. Compute and explain a 90{58c50e6204e66a2fb38b62b794f668df19a01f244e0d370252913e7b0d8d6892} confidence interval estimate of the population mean.

3. A telephone poll of 800 American adults asked “where would you rather go in your spare time?” One response, by 275 adults, was “the Mall”. Compute and explain a 98{58c50e6204e66a2fb38b62b794f668df19a01f244e0d370252913e7b0d8d6892} confidence interval estimate of the proportion of all American adults who would respond “the Mall”.

4. For problem #1 above, what size sample would be needed to achieve a margin of error of 15 hours or less?