1. The dharma of which caste is to perform ritual?
2. The Vedas are primarily:
3. Which of the below is the name of a god?
4. Which of the below is not a characteristic of existence?
A. Law of Causality
5. Which of the below characterizes Theravada Buddhism?
A. Most conservative branch
C. Focus on meditation and study of scripture
D. All of the above
6. What does Bhakti mean?
A. A name of a god
B. Freedom from rebirth
C. Meditative reflection
7. Which of the below was not a yoga introduced in the Bhagavad Gita?
8. Which of the below is considered smriti?
9. Which of the below is not at the center of the Buddhist Wheel of Life?
10. The Noble Eightfold Path seeks to cultivate what?
A. All of the below
C. Ethical conduct
D. Mental Discipline
Part II: Short Answer (5 points each=20 points possible) Answer FOUR of the five question below
1. Define karma, samsara, mokshaand discuss their relationship.
2. Define atman and brahman. What is the relationship between the two?
3. Name and briefly discuss the Four Noble Truths.
4. Identify and describe the three yogas introduced into Hinduism through the Bhagavad Gita.
5. What does the Heart Sutra say about the relationship between samsara and nirvana? What does this mean for enlightenment?
Part III: Medium Answer (10 points each=20 points possible) Answer TWO of the three questions provided
1. Describe the natures of Shiva and Vishnu and discuss the following: two elements of their symbolism and one particular image of ach.
2. From the Buddhist Wheel of Life,name two realms of your choice and briefly describe the nature of suffering of each realm and the means by which to overcome such suffering.
3. In class we discussed the bhakti as a revolutionary idea in Hinduism. What does bhakti mean and why was it important in the historical development of Hinduism?
Part IV: Long Answer Essay (20 points each=40 points total) ANSWER TWO of the three QUESTIONS
USE THE FOLLOWING SPACE AND THE REVERSE SIDES OF OTHER PAGES TO COMPLETE YOUR ANSWERS——MARK CLEARLY THE QUESTION YOU ARE ADDRESSING ON REVERSE PAGES.
1. Compare and contrast the lives of Jesus, Mohammed, and Buddha. Discuss the following: their birth and early years, central moments in their lives that lead to their spiritual/religious quest, the nature and length of their ministry, and how they died.
2. What does kenosis mean explicitly and implicitly? Identify and describe three examples of kenosis from three different religious traditions? Be sure to discuss how each exemplifies the implicit definition of kenosis.
3. Rudolph Otto identified five qualities of the religious experience. Name these five and discuss how the experiences of two figures we have discussed over the course of the semester demonstrate such qualities.
RELS 1304 FINAL EXAM
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