While the NPM (New public management) is defined in a variety of ways, it is believed that three inter-related themes namely disaggregation (splitting up large public sector bureaucracies), competition (introducing a purchaser-provider split and creating internal market) and incentivization (linking incentives to performance) capture the essence of the new paradigm well. Taking a developing country as a case demonstrate the nature of reforms introduced in these areas and provide a critical assessment of their impacts and outcomes.
Helpful references and sources:
Hughes, O. 2012. Public Management and Administration. Palgrave, Basingstoke.
Ferlie, E., Lynn, Jr. L.E. and Pollitt, C. 2005. The Oxford Handbook of Public Management, Oxford University Press
Pollitt, C. 2003. The Essential Public Manager, Open University Press: Buckingham
Other recommended readings:
Aulich, C., Halligan, J. & Nutley, S. (eds.) 2001. Australian Handbook of Public Sector Management, Allen & Unwin: Sydney
Bovaird, T. and Loffler, E. 2009. Public Management and Governance, 2nd ed. Routledge, London.
Eliassen, K. A. and Sitter, N. 2008. Understanding Public Management, Sage Publications
Flynn, N. 2007.Public Sector Management, Sage Publications: London
Lynn, L. E. Jr. 2006. Public Management: Old and New, Routledge: New York.
McCourt, W. & Minogue, M. (eds.) 2001. The Internationalization of Public Management, Edward Elgar: Cheltenham
Siddiquee, N. A. (ed). 2013. Public Management and Governance in Malaysia, Routledge: London & New York
Wanna, J., Butcher, J. & Freyens, B. 2010 Policy in Action, UNSW Press: Sydney