Discuss about the problem of Israeli-reliance on the United States as a means of political power and try and find a solution for how they can become less reliant on the United States moving forward……………
United States of America has always supported Israel since its creation to a tune of $140 billion dollars. This figure is the largest ever to be received by an ally of the United States. Conspiratorial theories have been put across to try and explain this support which is unwavering, and why Israel has more influence in the United States capital Washington .This influence is considerable enough not to be ignored or disregarded this is true because Israel plays a very useful strategic role for the United States. (Broder, 2000)
Israel is located at the continent of Asia’s doorway thus for safe passage of a number of oil tankers past the Suez Canal daily a good Israel- United States is required. This makes America to have a say in the politics of Israel so as to maintain the status quo because of its military and economic interest. As the United States continues to shape its foreign policy in all corners globally it has a major interest in the Middle East. This has been seen in the recent time where the administration of Bush, attempts were been made to change the region to a democracy community and this sparked insurgency resilience in countries like Iraq ,world oil prices rising and bombings by terrorists in London and Madrid .therefore its practical that the United States foreign policy in Israel is based on ; protecting Israel as a state ; to preserve the flow of quantities which are cheap from the Gulf oil ; communism,(which was introduced by the soviet union) containment ; and finally stopping movements that threaten stability, more especially fundamentalism ideologies of Muslims.
Most of the United States foreign policies are drafted by parameters in relation with the domestic political system, which lack consensus while formulating the foreign policies. They are done due to the democratic nature of the political system in the United States where you find that the strong influence comes from the minority. Thus is under this context that you find the American Israeli/Jewish community having a political role to play in defining the national interest of America.
How Israel benefits
Israel’s political reliance and dependency in the United States, this is because Israel benefits from the United States a number of ways covered below;
Israel receives the largest military and economic help from the United States annually than any other since the end of World War II. The assistance is almost a fifth of the budget of America’s foreign aid. This has benefited Israel because it has made Israel one of the states which are wealthy industrially making it equal states like Spain and South Korea in per capita income.
Washington also gives special deals to Israel, for instance Israel, at the start of a fiscal year, it gets its entire allocation as compared to other states that receive theirs in four installments thus this makes Israel earn more interest. On top of that all other sates that benefit from the United States in military, they are supposed to spend all their money allocation in the United States as compared to Israel that is allowed to spend it at least twenty five percent out of its allocation in its industry of defense.
All countries that receive aid from the United States are supposed to account for the way the used the aid allotment but only Israel is exempted from doing that, thus this means Israel can use the money for purposes that are opposed by the United States for instance West Bank settlements. The United States has also given financial assistance to Israel to make weapons that the pentagon doesn’t need for example the Lavi aircraft.
Diplomatic support that the Washington has provided toward Israel has been consistent since 1982, during the United Nations Security Council voting the United States has voted in favor of Israel 32 times which is a great number as compared to other members total votes combined. (William, 2005) Consequently, in the Arabs’ state quest to put the nuclear arsenal of Israel in the agenda of the International Atomic Energy Agency the United States blocks it.
during times of war Israel’s rescue come from the United States and during peace negotiations its takes sides with Israel for example during the times of the soviet intervention, Nixon, the president of America that time protected Israel against the intervention. (Shimon, 1993)
Finally the United States has allowed Israel to acquire the intelligence that it doesn’t give to NATO allies and also turning a blind eye in the nuclear weapons that Israel has acquired.
Road to Self reliance
For Israel to become self reliant politically, it has to employ some policies and strategies that are directed to maintaining peace and provide the country room to rebuild itself economically. Some of the policies that can be employed include;
As much as other previous administrations emphasized land for peace thus placing Israel in economic, diplomatic, cultural, military and political position retreat, the new administration can emphasize on rebuilding and promoting western tradition and values .this kind of approach will be appreciated by the United States thus leading to true peace with its neighbors’ strength and balance of power politically.
Northern Border’s Security
Since Syria is in conflict with Israel on the soil of Lebanese, Israel can adopt an approach that I is effective and that which will be acceptable to the United States, which would be seizing the strategic northern border through engaging Hizballah, Iran and Syria which are the main countries involved in the conflict in Lebanon. (Leep 2002)This can be made possible by establishing that Syria’s territory not being immune from attacks by Israel’s forces in Lebanon .secondly Israel can present to the world that the regime in Syria doesn’t keep its word in that it constantly violates the many agreements that have been made with Turkey and that by their continued occupation of Lebanon is a betrayal to the United States which was involved in drafting the agreement.
Power Balance Strategy in a traditional way
For Israel to avoid the reliance of the United States, it can try to establish other relationship or cooperation with countries like Jordan and Turkey, this will weaken Syria’s ambition for the Middle East region. By doing this Israel looks not to be independent of the United States hence becoming friendly to other countries in the Middle East.
Changing Relationship with Palestine
Israel to gain self reliance it has to change its relation with the Palestinians or try to start a new one. The United States can understand Israel’s need to make its streets safe and secure while moving into the areas that are controlled by the Palestinians. The forging of this relationship might depend on Israel rewarding the neighbors with human rights observance.
New United States-Israel Cooperation
To avoid the reliance of Israel on the United States, Israel has to stop the past kind of relationship with it and establish a new cooperation which has to be based on mature and mutual agreement that will drive Israel to self reliance and not the one that is based on continuing the United States foreign policy. (Bernard 1992)To do this the government of Israel can announce that Israel has cut itself from the economic aid and guarantees of loans provided by the United States that hinder reforms in the economic sector.
Surpassing the Israel-Arab conflict
Israel can try to avoid its old ways of retaliation, and becoming allies of the United States and cease in absorbing blows without response to the nation. The government should strategies on the agenda of refocusing its energies on rejuvenating and removing the socialist foundations that threaten the political self reliance. It can handle the Israel–Arab conflict without going through war because manufacturer of weapons and winning or being backed by the United States cannot give peace to Israel that it really needs to become self reliant. If Israel will become economically sound and not depend on the United States it will become powerful thus will transcend via the Israel-Arab conflict. (Asher2005)
The fact that the United States shares the same democracy standards with Israel is not true, therefore the enormous support for Israel is not justifiable. For instance liberal democracy is practiced in the United States where you find that a person from any religion, race or ethnic background have equal rights. This contrasts Israel’s democracy which is based on the Jewish principle of kinship by blood. Thus the larger populations of Arabs are taken as citizens of second class and they are neglected and discriminated thus a big puzzle for a country that is supported largely by the United States.
Israel and other supporters of America always prefer that the United States helps in dealing with all Israel’s security threats of any kind. Therefore if the United States foreign policy succeeds, the enemies of Israel get overthrown and thus allowing Israel to have a upper hand on Palestinians while most of the fighting is done by the United States which later goes on to rebuild and incur all the costs.
In the quest of the United States to change the middle east and the fail due to the Islamic and Arab world that have been highly radicalized, Israel remains protected by the superpower. This is not for a country that wants to be self-reliant because at the end America keeps off distance with Israel or force it into making peace agreements with Palestinians.
Finally the United States-Israel ties, along with the promotion of the United States foreign policy by Israel has become a very strong international cooperation in history and it’s quite difficult to understand how or when it will end.
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