1. Determine your thesis statement – state your claim clearly in your opening paragraph.
2. Define the issue and your purpose to your readers. Why are you writing about this? Why should your audience be interested?
3. Getting the reader’s attention – anecdote (telling a story), startling statistic, interesting quote, significance of your concerns
4. Establish the appropriate tone for your subject and your audience
Supporting your claim
1. State your reasons for supporting your position along with evidence
2. Go beyond simple assertions; consider the nature of your appeals (logos, ethos, pathos)
Addressing potential opposing arguments. You may either:
1. Concede the validity of an opposing argument by qualifying part or accepting all of it while explaining why your position is stronger,
2. Refute the opposing argument by stating why it is invalid or weak (see step 5 of prewriting.
1. Restate your claim/thesis
2. State the significance of your position. How does it affect the future?
3. Make a final emotional appeal if appropriate