Using one of the two prompts below, write an essay (approximately 1000 words). Read the grading rubric BEFORE writing so that you are sure to address all four elements of the grading rubric. Your essay MUST be submitted in one of the following formats (.doc, .docx, .rtf, .pdf). Failure to do so will count as a NON-SUBMISSION. This also means that you cannot type the essay directly into ecampus. YOU MUST SAVE YOUR ESSAY IN ONE OF THOSE FORMATS AND ATTACH IT TO THE LINK ABOVE (Where the word “Essay” is underlined above.) If you do not know what this means or how to save your work as one of those files, see me or email me immediately. Not knowing how will not be an excuse to allow late work. The essay will go through software that will test for plagiarism. Be sure that when you write your essay you do not use material from other sources without citing them. Doing so is cheating and grounds for a 0.
Write your essay as if you are writing to a friend who missed class on the day this was discussed. There is no bibliography or works cited page required. You may write in first person or even write the essay as if it were a letter to your “friend” from class.
Note: It is very important that you visually check that your essay was submitted correctly. After submission you must log out, log back in, go to “my grades” and click on the ungraded assignment. You should be able to view the “SafeAssign” report and your essay. If the file is corrupted or empty, you must notify me immediately. I will not allow you to re-submit if there is a problem with your submission and you did not find this BEFORE the deadline.
1. Is it rational to believe something when you do not have sufficient evidence? Explain and evaluate your position.
2. Explain and evaluate the theory of mind known as “Identity Theory.”
Writing a Philosophy paper
Each topic I give you will ask you to “explain and evaluate” a position or idea or argument. There are four elements you must address in your essay (these four will be the elements I am grading).
I will give you a score of 0-5 for each of these four elements. I will then add the scores together to calculate your grade on the essay. If you score a perfect “5” on each element the maximum total score would be 20.
The score can be converted into a letter grade:
Score Letter Grade
I provide the scale for each element below. With each scale I have included specific directions that will help you score higher on that element. The bold print is what I will use to determine your score. I hope that by reading this you will feel confident that you know how to organize and write the essay.
#1: Describe, identify and explain two or more different philosophical positions and the relevant philosophical concepts.
As I grade, I will ask myself, “How well did you describe and explain both positions (either two different positions or an argument and counterargument)? How clear and accurate are your explanations and the use of the relevant philosophical terms/concepts?”
2 (a) Fails to provide an explanation for one of the two theories or (b) provides poor explanations of both positions.
1 (a) Fails to provide an explanation for one of the two theories and (b) provides a poor explanation for the other position.
#2: Apply critical thinking skills by analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of philosophical positions or theories and by writing a clear and coherent essay. As I grade, I will ask myself, “Did you explain the issue to be considered? How well do you analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the theories or positions? And how clear and coherent is your overall presentation?”
0 The essay was not on the topic or there was no essay at all
#3: Create an informed personal response to a philosophical issue by developing and defending a personal opinion to the selected philosophical problem. As I grade, I will ask myself, “Did you develop a personal opinion? How well did you defend why you believe what you believe? Have you explained a rational, but opposing view? Have you explained the assumptions behind your position (and that of the opposing view)? And how your position impacts your life and society?”
2 Provides a personal position that is (a) incoherent or has no support and is not defended against a rational, but opposing, position; or (b) does not identify assumptions behind the position or opposing position; or (c) there is no attempt to explore the impact of one’s position on one’s life and society.
#4: Grammar. As I grade, I will ask myself, “How good is the grammar?”
3 Demonstrates adequate facility in the use of language by containing some errors in grammar and/or mechanics, some of which may be serious enough to impede meaning. Also the essay is generally organized and focused with some lapses or the student does not use credible sources to support and inform the content.