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## Using the chart of accounts provided below, and the Excel template provided with this assignment, prepare journal entries, in good form, to record the May transactions. Explanations are optional.

Ace Lawn Care Module 1Mini Practice Problem
Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

Jim Graham started his career mowing lawns for neighbors while he was in junior high school. Jim worked summers for the local golf course while he was in high school and now that he has graduated, he is starting his own lawn care business. You are taking an accounting class at the local community college and have agreed to help Jim set up and maintain the accounting records for his new business. He has set up a checking account in the business name, Ace Lawn Care, at the local bank. After some discussion with you, Jim has decided to set the business up as a sole proprietorship. You and Jim established a chart of accounts to be used in recording the business transactions. In May, 2014, the following activities occur at Ace Lawn Care.

May 1 Jim withdraws \$20,000 from his savings account and deposits it in the business’ bank account.

May 2 Jim purchases a used truck for \$7,000 to use for the lawn care business, he writes a check for \$3,500 and signs a 1 year, 6% note for the balance.

May 5 Jim purchases a lawn mower for \$300 and an aerator for \$500 and writes a check for the total amount.

May 6 Jim writes a \$600 check for a six month insurance policy that expires October 31, 2014

May 7 Jim establishes a \$1,000 line of credit account with Jones Fuel, a local gas station.

May 8 Jim writes a check for \$50 for a weekly advertisement in the local newspaper. The advertisement will run every Friday through the end of May, 2014.

May 16 At the end of the first week, Jim has earned \$600 for lawn care services. Of the \$600, \$500 was paid in cash and \$100 was on credit.

May 23 At the end of the second week, Jim has earned \$1,100 for lawn care services. Of the \$1,100, \$700 was paid in cash and \$400 was on credit.

May 26 Jim writes a check for \$75 to have the mower blade sharpened.

May 30 At the end of the third week, Jim has earned \$1,000 for lawn care services. Of the \$1,000, \$800 was paid in cash and \$200 was on credit.

May 31 Jim receives payments, on account, in the amount of \$500

May 31 Jim receives his monthly invoice and writes a check for \$400 to Jones Fuel.

May 31 Jim writes a check to himself for \$1,500 for personal expenses.

Instructions:

1. Using the chart of accounts provided below, and the Excel template provided with this assignment, prepare journal entries, in good form, to record the May transactions. Explanations are optional.
2. Post the journal entries to general ledger accounts.
3. Prepare a trial balance as of May 31, 2014, for Ace Lawn Care.

## Determine if the contracts with the businesses will be governed by common law or the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), and explain why.

Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

You are the manager of Acme Fireworks, a fireworks retailer who sells fireworks, puts on ground display fireworks, and large aerial display fireworks. The company started in the owner’s garage two years ago and now has 15 employees that you manage. The company started as a sole proprietorship, and the owner has never changed the entity. The owner has informed you that the company has received inquiries from several large businesses wondering if the company could create several fireworks displays on a regular basis. The owner told the inquirers that the company could fill such display orders, and a price per display was agreed upon. It was discussed that most of the cost for a fireworks display is for skilled labor, insurance, and the actual service of setting off the fireworks. No other details were discussed. The owner is anticipating that new employees will need to be hired, but he is worried that if the large orders for fireworks displays do not continue, the company will not have the funds to pay the new employees. The owner is now considering changing the business entity, but he does not know what entity to form or how to form it.
The owner has asked you to do the following:
• Determine if the contracts with the businesses will be governed by common law or the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), and explain why.
• Analyze whether the owner formed a contract with the businesses, and apply the five essential elements of an enforceable contract.
• Explain the potential personal liability to Acme Fireworks if a spectator is injured by a stray firework from a fireworks display.
• Discuss the different employment types and relationships relevant to agency law, and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each type specific to Acme Fireworks.
• Explain why Acme Fireworks should not operate as a sole proprietorship. Recommend a new business entity, and provide rationale to support your recommendation.

## write a paper of 4-5 pages describing the provisions of the following major labor laws as well as their impact on organizations and the unionmanagement relationship: The Railway Labor Act The Norris¬La Guardia Act The Wagner Act The Taft-Hartley Act The Landrum¬Griffin Act

LABOR LAWS describing the provisions
Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

## Considering the legal principles discussed in Chapter 20, explain who is liable for Dave’s negligence for causing the car accident, and explain who is liable for Dave’s intentional tort for punching Victor.

Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

Case Analysis
Dave is a driver for Empire Courier Service. Around the company, Dave is known as sort of a hothead. During his previous employment at another company, Dave had been involved in a workplace fistfight with a fellow employee, resulting in criminal charges. One day, between deliveries and in a company vehicle, Dave decides to get lunch. While leaving the parking lot at Big Burrito Bistro, the favorite lunch spot for most Empire Courier employees, Dave negligently causes a car accident with another vehicle, resulting in injuries to Victor, the driver of the other car. As Dave and Victor are waiting on the side of the road for the police to arrive, Victor comments to Dave, “Oh, you drive for Empire Courier Service. It doesn’t surprise me that Empire hires bad drivers because their service stinks, and their prices are too high!” Dave is so offended that Victor would insult his employer’s professional reputation that he punches Victor in the face, causing Victor to suffer even more injuries. Empire Courier Service does not, as a matter of policy, do criminal background checks on its employees. Considering the legal principles discussed in Chapter 20, explain who is liable for Dave’s negligence for causing the car accident, and explain who is liable for Dave’s intentional tort for punching Victor. Provide your answers in a case analysis of a minimum of 500 words. Cite any direct quotes or paraphrased material from outside sources.

## Is that fair to Little Big Corporation? What is accomplished by making an employer liable for the actions of their employees if the employer has done everything within reason to make sure that its employees are qualified and trained to do their jobs safely?

Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

Little Big Corporation hired Stuart as a delivery driver. Before Stuart was hired, the personnel director of Big Little Corporation not only interviewed Stuart and asked him about his driving record and the status of his driver’s license, but the personnel director also obtained an official driving record for Stuart and talked with Stuart’s former employer specifically about Stuart’s driving record. There was no indication from the interview with Stuart, from his driving record, or from Stuart’s previous employer that Stuart was an unsafe driver.
When Stuart was hired by Little Big Corporation, he was thoroughly trained in the operation of the delivery truck that he would be driving and provided an employee safety manual which he was required to (and did) read.
For seven years, Stuart worked as a delivery driver for Little Big Corporation without any accidents or problems. In Stuart’s eighth year as a delivery driver for Little Big Corporation, while making a delivery, he was distracted by something in the cab of his delivery truck, ran a stop sign and hit the car that was being driven by Peggy. Peggy suffered a broken leg and her car was badly damaged.
Peggy sued Stuart and Little Big Corporation for her injuries and damage, and she was awarded damages against Stuart and Little Big Corporation. Little Big Corporation was considered to be fully responsible for these damages under the doctrine of respondeat superior.
Is that fair to Little Big Corporation? What is accomplished by making an employer liable for the actions of their employees if the employer has done everything within reason to make sure that its employees are qualified and trained to do their jobs safely?

## Explore the legal rights and responsibilities of the tenant and the landlord.

Landlord-Tenant Law
Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

Larry Landlord has recently renovated an apartment and has put it on the market to be rented for \$800.00 a month. Larry Landlord has been in business for approximately five (5) years and has had both positive and negative experiences with tenants. Larry Landlord is hoping to find a good, long-term tenant for his apartment. Roger Renter saw Larry’s sign for the apartment for rent and thought the location and the apartment would be perfect. Roger met Larry to look at the apartment and Roger fell in love with it. All of the interior fixtures had been replaced and the unit had a nice large closet. Roger noticed that although newly painted, the exterior of the apartment did show a little bit of wear. Because of the condition of the exterior of the building, Roger asked Larry about any roof leaks. Larry stated that he had never had a leak and was not aware of any leaks.
Roger and Larry entered into a valid contract for the rental of the apartment. (Note: The issue of whether or not a contract exists is NOT part of this question. For purposes of this question assume the contract is valid and there are no issues with the contract.)
Roger Renter was very happy in his new location; the apartment was quiet and the neighbors were friendly. Larry Landlord was also very happy because Roger Renter was a model tenant. Roger Renter paid on time and was quiet and respectful to other tenants.
The part of the country where Roger rented was rainy in the summertime. Roger rented and moved into the apartment in October. In June, a tremendous rainstorm occurred and Roger’s roof began to leak. The leak was minor at first and Roger merely put a trash can under the leak and had no other issues that month. When handing over his monthly rent check, Roger told Larry about the small leak. Larry thanked Roger for letting him know about the leak and told Roger he would have it fixed.
The next month the rains came again and the leak grew larger in Roger’s apartment. Roger was not home at the time of the rain and therefore the leak damaged some of Roger’s furniture. Roger called Larry to let him know that there was a leak and asked when it might be fixed. Roger also stated that he thought Larry had fixed the roof. Larry curtly stated, “When it rains, sometimes it pours. When it pours, sometimes it leaks.” Roger did not like Larry’s tone or response and called back to ask when the roof might be fixed. Larry stated, “When I get to it.” The following day, Roger sent Larry a note about the roof leak and asked Larry to please address the issue.
The week before the rent was due, another rainstorm occurred and the leak was even larger. This time the leak damaged Roger’s clothing, furniture, and some precious items he had inherited from family members. Roger called Larry and asked Larry to fix roof immediately. Larry responded in a similar and condescending manner. Roger hung up the phone and threw his baseball bat against the wall, damaging the drywall and knocking out an electrical socket.
Since it was the rainy season, Roger knew it would rain again and therefore simply moved his items away from the leak and did nothing to help mitigate the damage from the leaking roof.
Larry came into the apartment to investigate the leak and found damage from not only the leak but also from the thrown baseball bat. Roger states that the baseball bat damage was a direct result of Larry’s inability to fix the leak based on his anger from Larry’s curt response.
Suppose you are a mediator. In five to seven (5-7) pages discuss the rights and responsibilities of the landlord and the tenant in which you:
1. Explore the legal rights and responsibilities of the tenant and the landlord.
2. Decide whether or not the landlord and / or the tenant had a legal duty to mitigate damages.
3. Determine whether or not Larry has legal grounds to evict Roger. Explain why or why not.
4. Describe whether or not Roger has a legal obligation to pay for the damage he caused and determine whether or not Larry would be liable for any direct damage.
5. Support each response with facts presented in the scenario.
6. Use proper legal terminology throughout your responses.

## Analyze the challenges Medicaid faces in terms of improving access to care, quality of care, and reducing the cost of care.

Evolution of Laws MMA was signed by President Bush in 2003
Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

Evolution of Laws
MMA was signed by President Bush in 2003. The MMA brought about sweeping changes that increased enrollment and improved access to Medicare Plans. Similarly, the PPACA was signed into law by President Obama in 2010. The law is expected to significantly increase access to Medicaid for the uninsured, low-income families, and individuals. Medicaid managed care has been implemented by most states, mainly because of rising costs, plan quality, access to providers, and the decrease in state revenues and federal matching funding. Medicare has explored managed care for the same reasons: to reduce costs, improve quality and improve access to providers. Using the South University Online Library or the Internet, research the following two topics and write a paper evaluating the impact of these policies on Medicare and Medicaid managed care.
You need to research on the following two topics:
• Medicare and managed care
• Medicaid and managed care
• Write a summary for each topic tying together the information learned about that topic.
• Analyze the challenges Medicaid faces in terms of improving access to care, quality of care, and reducing the cost of care.
• Analyze the challenges Medicare faces in terms of improving access to care, quality of care, and reducing the cost of care.
• Draw conclusions about the future of managed care in each program—will it grow or decline? What will be the challenges for success?
• Select at least four reputable articles per topic that address the challenges facing Medicare and Medicaid managed care.
Based on your research, summarize your findings on the selected topics and compile your observations in a 5- to 6-page Microsoft Word document.
Cite any sources in APA format.
Maximum Points
Wrote a summary for each topic tying together the information learned about that topic.
30
Analyzed the challenges Medicare has faced in terms of access, quality, and cost of care.
60
Analyzed the challenges Medicaid has faced in terms of access, quality, and cost of care.
60
Submitted conclusion on the future of Medicaid and Medicare managed care.
30
Selected at least four reputable articles per topic that address the challenges facing Medicare and Medicaid managed care.
20
Written components.
50
Total:
250

## Evaluate the impact of business tort liability on the pharmaceutical industry in general.

LAW 531 Assignment Business Torts and Liability
Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

You may be familiar with personal torts such as negligence; however, business torts are different as they are being committed not against the person but rather against its intangible assets. Think about what this means and how each aspect of your work might result in a business tort being committed.
Assignment Steps
Resources: Legal Environment of Business: Online Commerce, Business Ethics, and Global Issues: Ch. 5, Ch. 6 and Ch. 7; Legal Source database located in the Week 3 Electronic Reserve Readings
Scenario: In the midst of the ongoing rhetoric and movement to achieve Tort Reform, business tort liability must be acknowledged and planned for as a reality. As the manager of legal risk and corporate governance for a major multi-national pharmaceutical corporation, the board of directors has commissioned you to work alongside your CEO and General Counsel to prepare a report regarding this liability and the exposure it creates for the organization.
Create a maximum 1,050-word report, excluding title and reference pages.
Address the following in the report:
• Evaluate the impact of business tort liability on the pharmaceutical industry in general.
• Determine the growth of business tort liability in the pharmaceutical industry and discuss where and why tort reform is needed.
• Assess the impact of business tort liability on corporate liability under the Alien Tort Statute.
• Explain how business tort liability can be reduced through the implementation of the risk management process.
• Analyze how business tort liability can escalate to criminal liability.

## Explain the relationship between the actions and behavior that would cause the court to remand the defendant for a mental evaluation.

Law
Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

You are part of a fact finding panel for your state court system. The court has a concern over the methods used to handle persons that are mentally ill violent offenders. You are charged with selecting a modern court case (past 30 years) in which an insanity issue arose regarding a violent offender. The case may involve a Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity Plea, or it may involve a directive by the court for a sanity hearing. You may also select a case with a court determination of intellectual or mental disability, or mental deficiency.
You must prepare a briefing report on the methods that were used to assess the defendant by the court in the case you selected. Discuss the outcome of the case and the mechanism that resulted in the defendant’s evaluation for sanity.
In a 3–5 page position paper, respond to the following:
• Articulate the mental disorder(s) and symptoms being considered by the court in the case that you selected.
• Explain the relationship between the actions and behavior that would cause the court to remand the defendant for a mental evaluation.
• Evaluate the outcome of the case you selected in terms of the defendant, the victim, and the community.
• Critique the court’s decision in the case you selected. Either:
o Support the court’s correct decision, or
o Challenge the court’s decision with your supported reasons.