Question 7. Question : (TCO 6) Emile Durkheim proposed several functions of deviance. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
Deviance affirms cultural values and norms.
Deviance provides employment for a large segment of the work force.
Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries.
Deviance encourages social change.
Deviance promotes social unity.
Question 8. Question : (TCO 6) Travis Hirschi’s approach to deviance and control proposes that
Hirschi is a deviant spelling of Hershey.
deviance results from differential access to wealth.
deviance is a frustration of ambition.
individualism inhibits the deviance.
everyone finds at least some deviance tempting.
Question 9. Question : (TCO 6) There are four basic reasons to punish: moral vengeance, reforming the offender, discourage criminality, and render the offender incapable of further offenses. The terms for these are in order:
retribution, social protection, rehabilitation and deterrence.
deterrence, retribution, social protection, and rehabilitation.
social protection, deterrence, retribution, and rehabilitation
retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and social protection.
deterrence, social protection, retribution, and rehabilitation.
Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) In France during the Middle Ages, the third estate, second estate, and first estate refer respectively to
nobility, high clergy, and commoner.
high clergy, nobility, and commoner.
commoner, high clergy, and nobility.
commoner, nobility, and high clergy.
high clergy, commoner, and nobility
Question 1. Question : (TCO 3
(TCO 3) Kuznet’s curve suggests that
it could be an effective pitch for the veteran who is starting to lose a little something on his fast ball.
industrial societies will, in the longer run, remain unchanged.
industrial societies tend to become less stratified than agrarian societies.
as human technological sophistication has increased, social stratification has decreased.
industrialization and social stratification are unrelated.
Question 2. Question : (TCO 3) _____ is the term for earnings from work or investments and _____ is the term for the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts.
Income; personal property
Rent; net worth
Question 3. Question : (TCO 3) Which theory of poverty blames poverty on the shortcomings of the poor themselves?
Individual responsibility theory
Personal chioce theory
Social forces theory
Culture of poverty theory
Legacy or poverty theory
Question 4. Question : (TCO 5) Which of the following did Max Weber suggest were analytically distinct components of stratification?
Conformity, deviance, and social control
Power, prestige, and position
Class, caste, and age
Class, prestige, and esteem
Class, status, and power
Question 5. Question : (TCO 4) Accounts Payable Administrator Imelda Czechs works for a small international corporation. This category of work can be described as _____
fur collar work.
Question 6. Question : (TCO 4) Which type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying them too little to cover their debts?
Revolving credit slavery
Question 7. Question : (TCO 4) Which of the following gives the correct order of stages of modernization according to W. W. Rostow?
High mass consumption, traditional, drive to technological maturity, and take-off
Traditional, drive to technological maturity, take-off, and high mass consumption
High mass consumption, traditional, take-off, and drive to technological maturity
Traditional, take-off, drive to technological maturity, and high mass consumption
Take-off, drive to traditional maturity, technological, and consume mass quantities
Question 8. Question : (TCO 4) Andre Gunder Frank states that poor nations
are responsible for their own poverty.
were “underdeveloped,” or made poor, by rich nations.
suffer from traditional culture.
need to gain more productive technology.
can be helped with the investment of multinational corporations.
Question 9. Question : (TCO 4) According to Immanuel Wallerstein’s view of the global economic system, which type of nation is relatively independent of outside control?
Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) While modernization theory focuses on _____, dependency theory focuses on _____.
poor nations; rich nations
distribution of wealth; production of wealth
production of wealth; distribution of wealth
Question 1. Question : (TCO 8) Back in 1900, it was common in the United States to consider people of these ancestries as “nonwhite.”
Irish, Italian, or Jewish
French, German, or Swiss
Dutch, French, or Swede
Austrian, Norse, or Prussian
Question 2. Question : (TCO 8) Ethnicity refers to ______.
a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences
socially constructed categories based on cultural traits a society defines as important
a group whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant group
a collective that has reached very moral decisions about a way of life
all people from the same country
Question 3. Question : (TCO 6) The unequal treatment of various categories of people is known as
Question 4. Question : (TCO 5) The claim that defining members of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one application of
social distance research.
the iron law of oligarchy.
the Thomas theorem.
authoritarian personality theory.
Question 5. Question : (TCO 8) The barrier that is invisible, but which prevents women from rising beyond middle-management positions, is referred to as
the “glass ceiling.”
the “closed top.”
the “ceiling of upper management.”
the “impermeable barrier.”
Question 6. Question : (TCO 8) _____ refers to social organization in which males dominate females.
Question 7. Question : (TCO 8) Talcott Parsons explained that males tend to exhibit _____ behavior, while females are more _____.
Question 8. Question : (TCO 8) Which type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself?
Question 9. Question : (TCO 7) Comparing school performance, researchers have found that the most important cause of the achievement gap between rich and poor children is
differences in schools.
differences in home environments.
differences in personal ability.
differences in personal health.
differences in family composition.
Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) _____ and _____ theories explain that families perpetuate social inequality in U.S. society through inheritance of private property, encouraging patriarchy, and passing on racial and ethnic inequality.
Feminist; social conflict
Question 1. Question : (TCO 3) When Mort Tality assisted in the death of his wife Fay, who was suffering from an incurable disease, he engaged in
Question 2. Question : (TCO 7) The term empty nest refers to
families whose children have grown and left home.
women who choose to remain single.
women who marry, but choose to remain childless.
egalitarian family structures.
couples who are unable to have a child.
Question 3. Question : (TCO 7) A religious organization that stands apart from the larger society is a _____, while a _____ is a religious organization that is largely outside a society’s cultural traditions.
Question 4. Question : (TCO 7) According to Max Weber’s analysis of Protestantism and the rise of capitalism, which of the following statements is TRUE?
Protestantism held back the development of capitalism for years.
Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and averted a socialist revolution.
Protestantism even with its argument with the dominant Roman Catholic Church, still supported the economic status quo.
Protestantism stressed duty and hard work, boosting economic production and fostering the rise of capitalism.
Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and a socialist revolution.
Question 5. Question : (TCO 3) Charter schools are
private schools that typically enroll high-income students.
public schools that have the freedom to try new programs and policies.
private schools that have a religious curriculum.
public schools that are run by private companies.
public schools established through a land grant charter.
Question 6. Question : (TCO 3) Following the social-conflict approach, patterns of health and illness are seen largely as a product of
how people define the situation they experience.
how culture defines health and illness.
a mobile society
Question 7. Question : (TCO 5) Which term do we use to refer to a political and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs??
Question 8. Question : (TCO 5) In a capitalist economic system, justice amounts to
doing what is best for society’s poorest members.
everyone being more or less economically equal.
freedom of the marketplace allowing people to follow their self-interest.
no one going hungry.
little more than lip service.
Question 9. Question : (TCO 5) The Marxist political-economy model suggests that
power is no longer concentrated in the hands of a few.
an anti-democratic bias exists in the capitalist system.
power is widely dispersed throughout society.
many people do not vote because they are satisfied with the political system..
that the only justice in the halls of justice is in the halls.
Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) Which of Weber’s types of authority is also know as bureaucratic authority?