- A researcher was studying initial interactions between people. While two students were supposedly waiting for an experiment to begin, the researcher covertly videotaped their actions and conversation. Afterward, the researcher told the students about the video recording and gave them the opportunity to have the tape erased.
- A researcher worked for a time on the production line of a large manufacturing plant. His status as a researcher was unknown to his coworkers. It was not until he was about to leave that he revealed his purpose and identity to his coworkers.
- To study what types of people are most likely to give money to a stranger, people on city streets were asked for money by an individual who said he had just lost his wallet. No one was ever told that he or she was part of a research project.
- To study the effects of alcohol on decision making, a graduate student interviewed college students after they had left a campus bar. With a portable breathalyzer, he registered their blood alcohol levels. Although some of them were found to be intoxicated beyond the legal state limits, and many of them were going to be driving home, he did not inform them of their blood alcohol levels.
Complete the following for the study you selected (rather than reproduce the scenario in your response, indicate your study selection with a number):
- Explain the ethical issues and how the study may have violated principles of ethical behavior.
- Propose an alternative research design from the assigned Learning Resources that could possibly remedy the identified issues, (e.g., naturalistic observation, simulation study), and explain in detail how the new design would be set up and carried out.
Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) 8, “National Preparedness,” was released on March 30, 2011. It replaces Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 8 on National Preparedness and HSPD 8 Annex I on National Planning. Among other things, PDD 8 is designed to provide baseline definitions and direct certain activities. In answering the questions below, locate and read PDD 8 in its entirety. Visit any other resources that you need to fully consider and discuss the requirements listed for this assignment.
- In 4–5 paragraphs, address the following:
- You have read PDD 8. Evaluate it for its merits or weaknesses as a policy document.
- To what degree does it provide sufficient guidance for emergency managers, planners, and the like?
- In what ways, if any, do you find it lacking in usefulness for emergency managers or planners? Explain in what ways it may be insufficient and defend your answer.
- Whom do you believe was its intended audience? Explain and defend your answer.
- Post a new topic to the Discussion Board that contains your responses to the above questions.
- Comment on at least two other students’ posts
You are a member of a recently formed committee to deal with numerous complaints against police and correction officers in your town and are asked to determine if there is merit to these allegations and develop a protocol to address the current problem and prevent these practices from occurring in the future. The allegations are a vast amount that focuses on brutality toward citizens and inmates. There are signs that the entire police and correctional system is suffering of corruption activity, specifically from supervisory and upper-management positions. You have witnesses of police attacks on teenagers and family members that have seen their loved one with bruised bodies from the attacks suffered in the different prisons.
When the committee is provided the report that was produced through the interviewing of all inmates through the correctional system, an overwhelming 90% of inmates declared they were brutally battered for such reasons as not eating lunch under their 30-second rule or the way the inmate walked, which many inmates stated that correction officers would make it clear to them that they were walking like girls and needed an old fashion whooping.
When the committee took a comprehensive look at police complaints, they were provided pictures that were sent in by citizens that presented police officers using weapons in their assaults of young teenagers that were alleged gang members. There was some audio provided to you and the committee of the voices of police officers speaking to the police chief about a specific crime-ridden area, in which they were instructed to make an example of anyone suspicious walking after 11:00 p.m.
This group project is an assignment where you will be assigned a group or choose your group, depending on your instructor. You will have an individual portion that each member will have to accomplish separately and a group assignment that should be a compilation of the individual portions of each student.
Be sure to use at least one of the theories on ethics in your proposal. Your proposal should include an analysis, a causal explanation(s) of the ethical dilemmas, and methods for reducing the current and future corruption.
Each member of the group should identify and research the corrupt practices of the police and correctional systems of the town and make several key recommendations on addressing the corruption for the police department and correctional system. The following will be the expected short deliverables for each student of the group:
Provide a 1-page overview essay on the corrupt practices of the police and correctional systems.
Provide a 1-page bulleted list of key recommendations to address the corruption occurring in the police and correctional systems with explanations on why the recommendation is valuable.
Provide an outline on how you would construct the final paper that will be presented as your final group deliverable.
Review this week’s Learning Resources and media program related to one-way ANOVA testing.
·Using the SPSS software, open the General Social Survey dataset found in this week’s Learning Resources.
·Using the General Social Survey dataset, construct a research question that can be answered by a one-way ANOVA.
By Day 3
Use SPSS to answer the research question. Post your response to the following:
1.What is your research question?
2.What is the null hypothesis for your question?
3.What research design would align with this question?
4.What dependent variable was used and how is it measured?
5.What independent variable is used and how is it measured?
6.If you found significance, what is the strength of the effect?
7.Explain your results for a lay audience and further explain what the answer is to your research question.