Evidence based nursing practice is important to be incorporated in order to provide quality patient care. These practices have been studied and researched with the intent to standardize and improve health care. Nurses prepared at a baccalaureate level are expected to be more familiar with current evidenced based practice since evidence based practice is part of the curriculum. The BSN is able to apply the evidence-based practice into their care thus resulting in quality patient care and positive patient outcomes. Two barriers include the nurse’s level of education, and senior nurses not willing to change. The ADN degree focuses more on clinical knowledge and skills whereas the BSN in addition incorporates evidence based practices and focuses on holistic patient care. With continuing education, nurses would be provided with the tools they need to deliver current evidence based care. Applying EBP to the bedside has been proven to improve patient outcomes and satisfaction. According to Melnyk (2016), “A good place to start is by improving the level of education of nurses and investing funds in continuing programs and evidenced-based practice mentors to equip them with the skills needed to consistently deliver evidence-based care.” Another barrier may include nurses of seniority “seasoned nurses” not wanting to change and adapt to the current evidence based practices. For example, the nurse with twenty years experience may not have learned to use the EBP approach and want to stick to their old ways because it is easier for them. This type of behavior may be difficult to change. Wallis (2012), stated that “In order to make a change happen the nurse leaders should place enough EBP mentors at the bedside who can work hand in hand with clinicians to help them learn and implement skills consistently.” Positive encouragement and consistency may be key in creating change with experienced nurses. All nurses should share the same goal of providing the best quality patient care.


  • ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source – offers a wide range of materials in nursing, allied health, alternative and complementary medicine and the likes.  It has over 860 titles in full text and over 12,000 full text dissertations. Additionally, it gives access to online reference books, training tools and evidence-based nursing material from The Joana Briggs Institute.  It’s a good source for training videos and cultural reports that contributes to a better understanding of patient care.ProQuest’s Nursing & Allied Health Database – offers a mix of scholarly literature, clinical training videos, reference materials, and evidence-based resources, including dissertations and systematic reviewsCINAHL Complete – is one of the strongest databases for nursing.  It offers research tools and access to nursing and allied journals.  It is comprised of more than 1300 journal titles and covers over 50 specialties in nursing. Additionally, it offers continuing education modules, research instruments and evidence-based care sheetsJoanna Briggs Institute (JBI), is a recognized global leader in evidence-based healthcare resources with a mission to support evidence-based practice in patient care globally. It is an international non-profit institute with over 70 collaborating centers throughout the globe. JBI has been promoting evidence-based practice to improve health care outcomes for over 10 years. The JBI evidence-based practice (EBP) database includes more than 3,000 records across seven publication types. These types include Evidence Summaries, Evidence-Based Recommended Practices, Best Practice Information Sheets, Systematic Reviews, Consumer Information Sheets, Systematic Review Protocols, & Technical Reports. The JBI EBP database consists of 7 full text publications that are arranged by 17 subject areas. The data base includes evidence summaries which is the largest category in the database and it brings together all the evidence about the search topic. This can be used for decision support and the PICOT approach beginning with a question and ending with a recommendation. Most of the new publications or frequently updated are the recommended practice or evidence summaries. JBI data base also includes systematic reviews written by members of the JBI.

public health law

A basic function of government and a primary goal of the constitution that creates the government is keeping people safe. It is often referred to as exercising “police power.” In the United States, the government’s authority to regulate for the protection of public health and to provide health services is based on police power, which is the power to provide for the health, safety, and welfare of the people.

Public health powers were initially exercised at the state and local levels; currently, the federal government plays a large role in the regulation of public health and the provision of health services.

Considering this, respond to the following:

  • Where in the US Constitution does the government obtain its authority to regulate public health?Do you believe the government has the authority to ban things that are believed to be harmful, such as trans-fats? Why or why not?

Submission Details:

Please reply to post as if you were me

Please reply to post as if you were me. Min 150 words each, Min 1 scholarly source (NO OLDER than 5 years)EACH, APA Format. 


What interventions would you teach to help with some of the complications the patient may experience?


Kinkade and Long (2016) explain that acute bronchitis is usually cause by viruses such as rhinovirus, influenzas virus, enterovirus, RSV and others.  Bacteria account for the cause of a small number of cases of bronchitis diagnoses are caused by bacteria (Kinkade & Long, 2016).  The diagnosis of bronchitis is made with symptoms including a cough, that may or not be productive, and a lower respiratory tract infection that does is not due to chronic lung illnesses or other identifiable illnesses (Kinkade & Long, 2016). The clinician must be able to rule out underlying conditions causing cough such as asthma, COPD, and heart failure (Kinkade & Long, 2016). Physical examination will demonstrate an individual with rhonchi or wheezing on auscultation, a possible fever, and a cough (Kinkade & Long, 2016).  Testing for bronchitis may include leukocyte levels, chest x-ray, c-reactive protein levels, and procalcitonin levels (Kinkade & Long, 2016). It is important to teach the patients about symptom management, such as the use of antitussives, antihistamines, expectorants, and beta2agonist, as well as the avoidance of environmental triggers that could make the condition worse, such as smoke and chemical exposure (Kinkade & Long, 2016). The patient must try to get plenty of rest and may also take aspirin and use humidity to help with the symptoms (McCaance & Huether, 2014). Due to the mostly viral nature of the disease, antibiotics are typically contraindicated due to the inability to cure viral infections.  

If Tammy continues to have bronchitis for longer than three months for two consecutive years, she would be diagnosed with chronic bronchitis (McCance & Huether, 2014). In chronic bronchitis, irritants cause airway inflammation in the bronchial wall and bronchial edema, leading to increases risk for pulmonary infections (McCance & Huether, 2014). Pulmonary function test and blood gases may be performed to determine the severity of the disease (McCance & Huether, 2014). Prevention of recurrence is important due to the irreversible changes that occur in the lung with chronic bronchitis (McCance & Huether, 2014). The treatment may include bronchodilators, chest physical therapy, antibiotics, steroids and oxygen (McCance & Huether, 2014). The clinician may teach the patient the importance of nutrition, avoidance of triggers, symptom management, and the use of oxygen (McCance & Huether, 2014)

Way of Knowing

I need 3 pages paper in nursing field:The topic of the paper is “Way of knowing”


 For this assignment, consider Carper’s Ways of Knowing: empirical, personal, ethical, and aesthetic. For each way of knowing, describe a clinical situation including a nursing intervention you implemented while caring for a patient, family, group, or community. In your description, explain how the particular way of knowing informed the decision to implement the intervention. 

Use one scholarly reference for each of your four explanations in order to provide support your reasons that a particular intervention is an example of the selected way of knowing. Use a different reference for each of the four descriptions. Use references other than those provided in assigned course readings. APA formatting must be applied and errors in spelling and grammar must be absent; these are standard requirements for presenting scholarly, professional products.  

Submission and Point Value:

Please submit paper by the due date and time as indicated in the Course Schedule. This assignment is worth 10 points. See Paper: Ways of Knowing rubric for details.




Not Acceptable

Inclusion of Content

3 Points

Explanation of clinical situation, nursing intervention, and how way of knowing informed intervention choice is entirely clear and thorough for each of the 4 ways of knowing

1.5 Points

Explanation of clinical situation, nursing intervention, and how way of knowing informed intervention choice is moderately clear and thorough for each of the 4 ways of knowing or is provided for 2-3 ways of knowing

0 Points

Explanation of clinical situation, nursing intervention, and how way of knowing informed intervention choice is not clear and thorough for each of the 4 ways of knowing or is provided for 0-1 ways of knowing

Scholarly References

4 Points

Selected a minimum of 4 scholarly references other than course readings and appropriately used to justify each of the 4 intervention-ways of knowing connections

2 Points

Selected 2-3 scholarly references other than course readings and/or appropriately used to justify 2-3 intervention-ways of knowing connections

0 Points

Selected 0-1 scholarly references other than course readings and/or appropriately used to justify 0-1 intervention-ways of knowing connections

Scholarly and Professional Presentation

3 Points

All content is presented in scholarly and professional manner (i.e., no errors in APA formatting, grammar, or spelling)

1.5 Points

Some but not all content is presented in scholarly and professional manner (i.e., no errors in APA formatting, grammar, or spelling)

0 Points

Most content is not presented in scholarly and professional manner (i.e., no errors in APA formatting, grammar, or spelling)



  • Develop a personal philosophy and framework acknowledging professional and accrediting agency competencies relating to the role and scope of practice of the family nurse practitioner. Identify a nurse theorist or professional accrediting agency that provides the foundation for this philosophy development.

  • Describe the  type of educational courses  and professional  requirements required for APN professional certification and licensing within the state that you will practice in and compare to at least one other state for evaluation purposes.

  • Identify the precise application process for boards, your state regulations for application for prescriptive practice, and issues related to APN practice within your state.

  • Evaluate and discuss APN roles and prescriptive privileges and impact on client safety and care

  • Compare  the differences between prescriptive authority, credentialing, and clinical privileges and how each of these impact client safety and care

  • Evaluate the development of the advanced practice nurse role from a global perspective.

  • Compare  at least 2 countries and how similar or dissimilar the APN roles are in other countries.


  • 1000-1500 words not including the cover page and references (total, not for each topic)Follow the APA 6th edition for references and citationsInclude a minimum of 6 scholarly references (does not include text or websites)Demonstrate analysis, evaluation and synthesis of information

35631 Topic: Part II Section B Project – Week 2

35631 Topic: Part II Section B Project – Week 2

Number of Pages: 1 (Double Spaced)

Number of sources: 1

Writing Style: APA

Type of document: Essay

Academic Level:Master

Category: Healthcare

Language Style: English (U.S.)

Order Instructions: Attached

Part II Section B Project – Week 2


Return to the case study, Karolinska University Hospital. As you consider the information presented this week, recall the key issues that your team identified during Week 1.

You will now begin to create a section for your Team Project by articulating points related to “Organizational Theory”(e.g., strategy, structure, culture) that the transition team in this Case Study should keep in mind as they work together following the merger.

The following may serve as a guide for your discussion and provide opportunity for you to engage critical thinking reflection and application. You are encouraged to build this collaborative knowledge into your actual assignment:

· What are the newly formed organization’s key strategies?

○ What could be surmised about this from the case study?

○ What else might you suggest based on insights you have gained from the Learning Resources as well as in other courses in this master’s program?

○ Consider a variety of trends influencing health care such as quality and safety, patient-centeredness, financial constraints, and technological innovation.

· How should the organizational structure be designed to reflect those strategies? What would an organizational chart for this entity look like?

· What is the role of governance in this organization?

· Why is organizational culture important? What is the relationship between an organization’s structure and its culture?

· How should the organization’s vision, mission, and values reflect the organization’s culture and strategies?

· In the future, what data or artifacts would indicate if the organization’s behaviors are congruent with its mission, vision, and values?

As you work on this, consider your assigned role for the case study as well as the perspectives of other stakeholders that may not be reflected within your small team. How will you ensure that their input is integrated throughout this process? Be sure to evaluate specific ideas from all of this week’s Learning Resources.

In consultation with your Instructor, your team will determine the details related to this topic that should be included in your project outline, and ultimately, in the PowerPoint presentation that you will complete during Week 7.

The Assignment

Begin to develop your section for this week’s material that is clearly titled (e.g., “Organizational Theory”). You should develop this in Microsoft Word and use APA format (Title page, Introduction, body, conclusion, reference page). The following key points should be addressed in this section:

• Mission, vision, and values and the way in which they reflect the organization’s culture and strategies

• Data or artifacts that would indicate if the organization’s behaviors are congruent with its mission, vision, and values

Post this weekly section to this Discussion forum by Day 7 as well as the Turnitin Link in the Week 2 Team Project area.

You may utilize other methods for collaboration outside of the classroom such as Google documents. However, it is IMPORTANT that you also post this information on your discussion board within the course room. If you do not, there is no way to assess your participation and you will not receive credit for your individual contributions.

Your written assignments must follow APA guidelines. Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Be sure to list them on the reference page, as well as citing them within the section. Refer to the Pocket Guide to APA Style to ensure your in-text citations and reference list are correct.

Tip: The information found in these weekly sections will be used to create your Final Power Point presentation. You are encouraged to develop your PPT along the way so that there will be ongoing collaboration prior to Week 7 when you submit it.

Jean Orlando's Nursing Theory applied to NICU nursing

 NURN 3103 Theorist Paper Instructions and Grading Rubric 

Choose a nursing theorist/theory relevant to your nursing practice. Do not use non-nursing theorists (such as Maslow, Erikson, Piaget, Bloom, etc). Click on the “LINK”, and go to the website. Choose your theorist/theory: Link (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

You may NOT choose Florence Nightingale.

Guidelines for your paper:

Introduction: Provide a brief description of the theorist’s framework. You may use your textbook and other sources for this section. The description should be as much as possible, in your own words. Be careful not to plagiarize your information. Remember all direct quotes are to be cited, with author, date, and page number. Description should include all major aspects of the theory, not just one part or concept. You may use bullet points if there are several aspects of your theory to describe Limit the number of quotes in your paper. A paper of quotes is not a paper authored by you. Do NOT include a biography of the theorist. This paper is about the theory itself, not the theorist. (8 points)
Application of theory to Clinical Scenario: (8 points total for this section)
Describe a specific clinical scenario (interaction with patient and/or family) that you have experienced in your practice.
Clearly correlate the identified nursing theory to the clinical situation, describing how the theory and its specific concepts apply specifically to the situation. Make sure to include basic concepts related to the theory as well as a clear depiction of the implications for nursing practice.
All important concepts must be clearly applied to the situation.
Evidence of understanding theory in guiding care throughout the nursing process, not just one segment of the process.
Conclusion: Define the benefits of utilizing this specific nursing theory when examining patient care or patient issues. (4 points)
APA, References, & Paper Requirements:(5 points total for this section)
Follow APA style for formatting. APA includes, but is not limited to the title page, headings, running heads, subheadings, in text referencing, and reference page. The paper will be evaluated on grammar, spelling, and professional writing. All formal papers should have an introduction, body, and conclusion. No abstract required.
The paper should be NO LESS than 3 pages and NO MORE than 5 pages double-spaced. Page counts do not include the title page and the reference page. 
Include a minimum of 3 professional nursing old.journal references less than 10 years old. You may also use your textbook. No websites should be used unless pre-approved by the instructor.
Submit the paper to the assignment drop box by the due date. The paper must submitted electronically through Canvas. 
Total points for paper = 25 points


High Quality
Satisfactory Quality
Low Quality

-Theory presented is accurate, current and all major components described clearly and completely.
-theory presented is limited in depth but is accurate, current and relevant with the major components included.
Theory description is unclear. Limited depth noted. .
-No integration of sources noted.
Not addressed

Application of theory
-clearly describes a clinical example
– Clearly correlates the specific theory chosen to this scenario.
-identifies elements and concepts of the theory that applies
-evidence of theory understanding

– briefly describes a clinical example with limited detail
– attempts to apply the specific theory chosen to this scenario however relationship to situation unclear
-identifies concepts of the theory that applies however not integrated.
– unclear if understanding evident. -Paper more about listing of theory components

-clinical scenario not clearly described.
-theory named but concepts not discussed.
-limited to no application of the concepts to this situation.
Not addressed

Clearly Defines the benefits of utilizing this specific nursing theory when examining patient care or patient issues
Attempts to define the benefits of utilizing this specific nursing theory when examining patient care or patient issues, however, unclear
Minimally addresses the benefits of using this theory. Speaks only to theory globally.
Not addressed


Specific criteria
Consistent correct use of the rules of grammar usage, punctuation, and spelling
-correct APA
-3 -5 pages
-3 professional journal references
Consistent correct use of the rules of grammar, punctuation, and spelling, with a few minor errors.
-APA errors noted
-references not all from professional journals

Several grammatical, spelling and punctuation errors
-many apa errors.
-did not follow page limits
-did not meet reference requirements
Not addressed



Read the following scenario and write a complete 4-7 pages paper on the instruction given below:


In Chapter 2, we explored topics of diversity and the challenges of diversity in the healthcare sector. In this case, you have been asked to join the hospital’s task force for developing a plan to increase the organization’s workforce diversity from its current 10 percent level to 30 percent over the next five years. What recommendations would you make as a member of the task force? 

Possible Deliverables:

1. Summarize the existing landscape as it relates to diversity in healthcare and in the US in general 

2. Explore why healthcare organizations may not be as diverse as they should be 

3. What is diversity today (i.e. sex, gender, race, ethnicity, education, culture) 

4. Find some theories to substantiate your work on improving diversity 

5. Explore some of the challenges and opportunities as it relates to diversity 

6. Develop a plan to increase the organization’s workforce diversity from its current 10 percent level to 30 percent over the next five years. 

7. What recommendations would you make as a member of the task force?

The Submission Requirement 

The length of paper must be full 4-7 pages.

Include minimum 8- 10 scholarly references cited in APA.

It is recommended that you include the following sections in your paper: 

· Introduction (one-two paragraphs) 

· Case Inquiries Addressed Introduction (body of paper; use sub-sections as you deem necessary) 

· Review and Application of Theory (body of paper; use sub-sections as you deem necessary) 

You need to demonstrate a significant degree of knowledge regarding the theory you choose. Support with theories that are appropriate for each case. Recommend you review the existing literature to further explore that theory and how it has been applied 

· Discussion (Tie the theory back to the case problem) 

· Conclusion (one – three paragraphs) 

· References (APA style)

CT 6-565

In this Critical Thinking assignment, conduct a SWOT analysis on either your current organization, or one in which you are familiar. If possible, it will be more beneficial to use an organization in which you are familiar or where you are employed. 

In your paper, be sure to highlight the importance of having accurate and timely information. Analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Be sure to analyze competitors, demographics, Ministry of Health initiatives, etc.

Your paper should meet the following structural requirements:

  1. The paper should be 4 pages in length, not including the cover sheet and reference page.

  1. Format the paper according to APA writing standards.

  1. Include a SWOT diagram showing your findings in each quadrant of the diagram. This SWOT diagram should be included in the appendix section of your paper. (the diagram template is attached up)

  1. Provide support for your statements with in-text citations from a minimum of four scholarly articles.( the references not older than 5 years back)

  1. Two of these sources may be from the class readings, textbook, or lectures, but two must be external.No PlagiarismUse Heading to organize your work ( introduction , SWOT Analysis , Strength , Weakness, Opportunities and Threads , Conclusion )Add the diagram before the conclusion and add it again after the references page under a appendix title