Why is it useful to have a complete WBS before engaging in formal uncertainty assessment? Use an example of your own creation to support your explanation.

Why is it useful to have a complete WBS before engaging in formal uncertainty assessment? Use an example of your own creation to support your explanation.2. Explain the relationships among project deliverables, work packages, and milestones as they would appear in a schedule. Support your explanation with examples.3. Why is it useful to consider both unfavorable risks and favorable uncertainties as part of the project planning process? Describe an example from your own work or personal life in which an unfavorable risk interfered with your ability to execute a project as you had initially envisioned it. Describe another example, also from your own work or personal life, in which an unexpected positive uncertainty caused a project to turn out better than you had envisioned it.4. Visit Historylink (Links to an external site.) and search for links to Web pages describing the sinking of the Lake Washington Floating Bridge on November 25, 1990. Search words: November 25, 1990. Read several of these descriptions. A brief description from Historylink is as follows:On November 25, 1990, after a week of high winds and rain, the 50-year old Lacey V. Murrow Bridge (Lake Washington Floating Bridge) breaks apart and plunges into the mud beneath Lake Washington. Since it took some time for the bridge to sag and finally crack apart, news cameras were poised and ready to show post-Thanksgiving TV viewers a once-in-a-lifetime telecast of the demise of the historic I-90 span. It is later discovered that hatchways into the concrete pontoon air pockets were left open, allowing water to enter, while the bridge was undergoing a $35.6 million renovation.a. What tools could the team have used to uncover the possibility of water entering the pontoons? Name at least three and explain how they would be applied.b. Identify and discuss at least one positive outcome that could have emerged from this project crisis.5. Below is some information about a project to implement a new manufacturing cell to assemble personal digital assistant devices. Note: this exercise is about the logical flow of the project’s tasks. Map out the project’s work using activity on arrow for success.TaskDuration EstimatesImmediate PredecessorsA. Determine process requirements2 weeksNoneB. Benchmark competitor’s processes4 weeksAC. Prepare benchmark report1 weekBD. Design process and layout (preliminary)2 weeksAE. Finalize design and set up manufacturing cell2 weeksC & DF. Select and train operators1 weekDG. Pilot test new process2 weeksE & FH. Finalize process design1 weekGQuestions:a. Draw an activity-on-node (AON) networkb. Identify the ES, EF, LS, LF, critical path, total float and free float using the critical path algorithm.c. Which of these tasks should the project manager track most closely?d. Where do you see potential errors in network logic? Explain your reasoning.

Sociology-Sociology homework task

Sociology-Sociology homework task

Outline :

I. Main Idea

A. Supporting Idea

  1. Research, data, facts

For example:

  1. ?

II. ?










IV. ?

  • Symbolic Interactionist Theory.

V. Conclusion




Research paper

  1. After receiving feedback from your ouline, refine your final paper.
  2. Papers must be 5 pages, 12 pt. double-spaced.
  3. Papers must include one paradigm (one only).
  4. Paper structure: Introduction, Body of Paper (where you discuss your findings), and Conclusion. Be sure to use sociological terms from this course to discuss your topic! I need Symbolic Interactionist Theory
  5. Papers must include at least 5 resources from: books, newspaper articles, news-magazine articles, sociological journals, internet sites, videos, DVD’s, interviews, etc.) In short, you need a combination of resources.
  6. Papers must include MLA in-text citations and a Works Cited list.

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Operation Chromite-History homework paper

Operation Chromite-History homework paper

Name: ______________________ Date: ______

C515 JPP

Instructions: The Joint Planning Process (JPP) Exam is worth 60% of the C500 grade and is due at the end of the block, after lesson C515. Specifically, this exam has ten requirements for you to apply the JPP to an operational scenario.

The primary reading for the exam is Chapter II “Operation Chromite” of Joint Military Operations Historical Collection (dated 15 July 1997). Use ONLY the version in this lesson. Read this document thoroughly, and then answer the exam questions, which begin on page three of this document. The primary doctrinal reference is Joint Publication 5-0 The Operations Process (2011). Other references include:

· JP 1-0 Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States (2013)

· JP 1-02 DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (2014)

· JP 3-0 Joint Operations (2017)

If you state information from the lessons, readings, or doctrinal references as part of your answer, you must give a citation in accordance with ST 22-2. You may use parenthetical citations, endnotes, or footnotes.

Overview: In June 1950, forces of the North Korea’s People’s Army (NKPA) invaded South Korea with the intent of unifying Korea. President Truman ordered General MacArthur, Commander-in-Chief Far East, to use his air and sea forces to support the Republic of Korea forces south of the 38th Parallel. General MacArthur visited Korea to personally assess the situation and realized that only the immediate commitment of ground forces could stop NKPA forces. NKPA spearheads were successful in pushing United Nation forces south to the Naktong River. General Walton Walker, Commander of the US Army Eighth Army, and General MacArthur decided that they must stand and fight or be ejected from Korea. It was here that the 140 mile long Pusan Perimeter was established. General MacArthur’s successful campaigns across the Pacific during World War II gave him deep appreciation for amphibious operations. He decided upon an amphibious operation, Operation Chromite, for his counterattack. The planning and execution of Operation Chromite by General Douglas MacArthur in September 1950 established the operational art that guides joint operations today. Modern warfare demands a joint approach (JP 5-0).

Note: Regurgitating doctrine is NOT enough to receive a passing grade on the exam; you must be able to APPLY what you have learned about operational design and JOPP.

  1. Operational Environment [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 5-0 states that “The operational environment is the composite of the conditions, circumstances, and influences that affect the employment of capabilities and bear on the decisions of the commander…Included within these areas are the adversary, friendly, and neutral actors that are relevant to a specific joint operation.” The Commander must be able to describe the current environment and how the environment should look when operations conclude to visualize an approach to solving the problem.

Using the reading on Operation Chromite, describe the operational environment in the summer of 1950. Your analysis of the operational environment should include, but is not limited to:

· What does the current operational environment look like? Be sure to describe the conditions that have led up to the dire situation facing the U.S. Eighth Army at the Pusan Perimeter.

· How does General MacArthur’s vision for Operation Chromite relieve NKPA pressure on the U.S. Eighth Army in the Pusan Perimeter?

Using the reading on Operation Chromite, describe the operational environment in the summer of 1950. Your analysis of the operational environment should include, but is not limited to:

  1. Strategic Guidance [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page. You should write one paragraph for each question below.]

JP 5-0 states that “The President, Secretary of Defense, and Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff with appropriate consultation with additional NSC members, other USG departments and agencies, and multinational partners formulate strategic end states with suitable and feasible national strategic objectives that reflect US national interests.”

· What is General MacArthur’s vision for the operational environment once Operation Chromite is concluded (end state)?

· What are the roles of JTF 7 and X Corps in achieving General MacArthur’s end state?

  1. Decisive Points [10 points (5 points for each decisive point). Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 5-0 states that a “decisive point is a geographic place, specific key event, critical factor, or function that when acted upon, allows a commander to gain a marked advantage over an adversary or contributes materially to achieving success (e.g., creating a desired effect, achieving an objective).”

Identify and justify TWO key decisive points for Operation Chromite.

  1. Operational Maneuver [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 3-0 describes maneuver as “the employment of forces in the operational area through movement in combination with fires to achieve a position of advantage in respect to the enemy. Maneuver of forces relative to enemy COGs can be key to the JFC’s mission accomplishment. Through maneuver, the JFC can concentrate forces at decisive points to achieve surprise, psychological effects, and physical momentum. Maneuver also may enable or exploit the effects of massed or precision fires.”

Describe how Operation Chromite supports the breakout of the Eighth Army at the Pusan Perimeter. In your description, EXPLAIN how Operation Chromite (1) reverses the situation at the Pusan Perimeter and (2) places the Allied forces in an advantageous position over the NKPA.

NOTE: As part of your answer, you must address operational maneuver for BOTH parts. You should write one paragraph for each part.



  1. Joint Fires [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 3-09 states that “Integral to the CONOPS is the concept of fires. The concept of fires describes how lethal and non-lethal joint fires will be synchronized and integrated to support the Joint Force Commander’s operational objectives. The JFC determines the enemy’s center of gravity (COG), associated critical factors, and decisive points and how the application of fires can assist in creating the desired effects to attain the objective.”

You are the Fires Officer on General MacArthur’s Staff. General MacArthur has tasked you to describe your concept how Joint Fires will support Operation Chromite. He asked you to specifically describe joint fire support for (1) landing forces at Inchon, (2) attacking the NKPA’s lines of communications, and (3) interdicting any NKPA attempts to counterattack or reinforce forces vicinity Inchon and Seoul.

NOTE: As part of your answer, you must address joint fire support for all THREE parts. You should write one paragraph for each part.




  1. Operational Reach [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 5-0 states that “Operational reach is the distance and duration across which a joint force can successfully employ military capabilities.”

Explain: (1) how the other Services (Air Force, Marines, and Navy) provided General MacArthur with operational reach in Operation Chromite, and (2) how that operational reach provided an advantage to the Allies over just reinforcing the Eighth Army inside the Pusan Perimeter.

NOTE: As part of your answer, you must address BOTH parts and include all THREE US Services: Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy. You should write one paragraph for each part.



  1. Arranging Operations [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 5-0 states that “Commanders must determine the best arrangement of joint force and component operations to conduct the assigned tasks and joint force mission. This arrangement often will be a combination of simultaneous and sequential operations to reach the end state conditions with the least cost in personnel and other resources. Thinking about the best arrangement helps determine the tempo of activities in time, space, and purpose. Planners should consider factors such as simultaneity, depth, timing, and tempo when arranging operations.”

Describe how General MacArthur’s staff used (1) simultaneity, (2) depth, (3) timing, and (4) tempo in executing Operation Chromite in conjunction with Eighth Army activities inside the Pusan Perimeter.

NOTE: As part of your answer, you must address all FOUR parts of arranging operations. You should write 2-3 sentences for each part.





  1. Defeat Mechanisms [10 points (5 points for each defeat mechanism). Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 5-0 states: “Defeat mechanisms primarily apply in combat operations against an active enemy force. Combat aims at defeating armed enemies – regular, irregular, or both, through the organized application of force to kill, destroy, or capture by all means necessary.”

Select TWO of the four defeat mechanisms from the list below.

· Destroy

· Dislocate

· Disintegrate

· Isolate

For each element selected, explain how General MacArthur used the defeat mechanism to defeat the NKPA. For a review, JP 5-0 page IV-31 provides details on each of the four defeat mechanisms. You should write one paragraph for each defeat mechanism you select.



  1. Direct and Indirect Approach [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page.]

JP 5-0 states: “The approach is the manner in which a commander contends with a center of gravity (COG).”

Explain: (1) which approach did General MacArthur use in attacking the NKPA and (2) why he chose that approach.

NOTE: As part of your answer, you must address BOTH parts. You should write one paragraph for each part.



  1. Operational Risks [10 points. Do not exceed one typed page.]

According to JP 5-0, “Operational risk defines aspects of the campaign or operation in which the commander will accept risk in lower or partial achievement or temporary conditions. It also describes areas in which it is not acceptable to accept such lower or intermediate conditions.”

(1) Identify FIVE major risks associated with Operation Chromite, and (2) explain HOW General MacArthur’s staff mitigated those five major risks.

NOTE: As part of your answer, you must complete the table below. For each mitigation, write 2-3 sentences; the table will expand for your answers.

Risk 1:


Risk 2:


Risk 3:


Risk 4:


Risk 5:



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What are the main challenges to children’s health, safety, and nutrition in today’s society?`

As you complete the Reflection, consider the reasons why early childhood professionals need to be knowledgeable and skillful with regard to children’s health, safety, and nutrition. Based on what you have learned, respond to the following:

  1. What are the main challenges to children’s health, safety, and nutrition in today’s society?
  2. Having identified these challenges, explain what you, as an early childhood professional and advocate, would like to do now and/or in the future to have a positive impact on children’s health, safety, and nutrition
  3. Identify any misconceptions and/or assumptions you had about children’s health, safety, and nutrition and the role of early childhood professionals in meeting children’s needs in each of these areas. Summarize the information that dispelled these misconceptions and/or assumptions. Provide specific examples to support your thinking.

What is the impact of philosophy, history, litigation, or legislation on the understanding of learning disabilities (LD), its definition, identification practices, and prevalence?

Answer these questions separately. When answering question, please be sure to include the question.

What is the impact of philosophy, history, litigation, or legislation on the understanding of learning disabilities (LD), its definition, identification practices, and prevalence? Use specific examples to illustrate your point.

Minimum of 150 words with in-text citation(s) and reference(s).

What is the impact of philosophy, history, litigation, or legislation on the understanding of learning disabilities (LD), its definition, identification practices, and prevalence? Use specific examples to illustrate your point.

Minimum of 150 words with in-text citation(s) and reference(s).

Prepare a PowerPoint presentation detailing the history of learning disabilities.

Provide substantial definitions and discuss discrepancies that may cause misidentification of students. Include:

• strategies to prevent misdiagnosis.

• resources for parents of children with learning disabilities

In addition, please include a component that is interactive for the audience.

Video clips may be included, but may not be longer than three minutes.

In a separate document, begin creating a math lesson using the Class Profile provided.

For this week you are only expected to complete the standards, differentiation, objective, and assessment portions of this lesson.

Be sure to:

Label each section as such (ex. Standards section, differentiation, etc.).

1. Use the standards from your state (GA). (common core is the default setting).

2. Explicitly address how to differentiate instruction for students needing extra assistance.

3. Address different learning styles (auditory, kinesthetic, and visual).

4. Make objectives observable and measurable.

5.Reflect upon the assessment: how will you assess students?  Why?

Analyze Trade-Offs for Solutions

Analyze Trade-Offs for Solutions

615 Ass 4

The state legislature recognizes the need to focus efforts and resources on young offenders so that they do not continue to commit delinquent acts and perhaps transition to adult criminals, which would cost taxpayers even more. Acting as a state policy analyst and building on the annotated bibliography and literature review you have completed, propose 2 policy alternatives to combat juvenile delinquency.

Your readings in the course have exposed you to many of the key topics in criminal justice while showing you the importance of research and theories to the development of sound policies. You have seen how the writing in the text and other sources is not mere opinion or unsupported assertions. Rather, the work is built upon existing knowledge and contemporary studies.

As you consider how to advise the legislature on how to address juvenile delinquency in your state, you must rely on factual information and utilize a theoretical foundation. Delinquency, as well as other deviance, results from a variety of factors explained through various theoretical perspectives. One or more theories may draw your attention as instructive about the issues surrounding juvenile delinquency. Have these theories been supported by research?

Assignment Guidelines

You are a policy analyst in the legislative affairs office of your state legislature. The criminal justice committee of the legislature has requested recommendations about how to address juvenile delinquency in the state. You must conduct research and assemble 2 possible policy initiatives in your proposal. Use the 7 step process outlined in the MUSE link, CHDS Policy Options Analysis. Include the 7 steps in your proposal.

Define the Problem

Construct Alternative Solutions

Criteria for Judging Success of Proposed Solutions

Projected outcomes for alternative Solutions

Analyze Trade-Offs for Solutions

Choose Best Solutions

Explain Recommendations.

Address the following in 3 pages:

Prepare a professional policy memo to the criminal justice committee outlining the actions to be taken, funding sources, and implementation challenges that may arise for each alternative.

Compare and contrast the two policy recommendations.

How would you evaluate whether either policy was successful after it was implemented?

How will you utilize your research from the first 3 weeks? Explain.

Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

While the specific memo format you choose is not specified, be aware that the tone of your writing should be clear, professional, free of jargon, and without emotionally influenced terms or comments.

Please submit your assignment.

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Research Assignment on environmental impacts

Research Assignment on environmental impacts




Towards a Sustainable Future:

The Environmental Impact of Air Transport

Problem Statement

The air transport industry is witnessing drastic growth over the past decades in regions throughout the world. According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the number of passengers flown in 2005 was 2.1 billion, and by 2017 that number has doubled to 4.1 billion. Following current trends in air transport, the number of passengers is predicted to double to 8.2 billion by 2037. Despite the social and economic benefits associated with this growth, it is also accompanied by various environmentally damaging repercussions. The aviation industry is still a major contributor to Earth’s carbon emission. The increased in greenhouse gases and climate change has led respective authorities and organizations to create a sustainable solution to solve this ecological problem. It is therefore, imperative to understand the aviation effects on the environment as well as come up with sustainable methods so as to reduce the overall environmental impacts of this industry.

This paper will be identifying the aviation industry’s role in environmental degradation and its overall impact on aviation safety. The various areas of pollution such as carbon emissions, climate change, noise pollution and air pollution will also be covered. A review of current laws, such as Clean Air Act, and regulations regarding environmental standards set forth by industry regulators to mitigate the impact of aviation on the environment. Exploring sustainable methods and finding solutions to reduce the environmental impact caused by the aviation industry such as biomimetic engineering and use of alternative fuels. Lastly the paper will touch on operational improvements in aviation such as the introduction of the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). These will be researched using literature reviews and peer reviewed articles assessed through available online databases such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Lastly, the incorporation of using new technologies will be assessed through a SWOT analysis to determine its potential and feasibility.


Environmental Concerns

Exhaustible Natural Resources

Noise Pollution

Air Pollution

The Aviation Industry’s Role


· SWOT analysis of the potential applications and effectiveness of the usage of biofuel in aviation.

Biomimetic Engineering

· SWOT Analysis of various biomimetic engineering models such as: sharkskin surface, albatross wings, raptor wingtips and noise abatement of owls

Regulations, Legislation and Programs

Clean Air Act


Aircraft Noise

Local Air Quality



Alternative Fuels

Carbon offset Program


Environmental Legislation

Airport Environmental Programs

Technology Research and Development


Aircraft and Engine

Aircraft Technology

Technologically-Enabled Design and Operations

Improved Technologies: Obsolescence of Pilots

Discussion and Recommendations



(at least 15 references – scholarly or peer reviewed articles only)


Hi, I would need you to ensure that you do not directly quote from articles and paraphrase as much as possible. This assignment is submitted on Turnitin, and the prof is very particular on this. Also I would need you to include research for the following topics. I have provided the title of the sub topics to guide you with the research. The topics and sub topics must be followed because it is being approved by the prof.

Thank you very much!

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Midterm: Oral Interpretation Analysis task

Midterm: Oral Interpretation Analysis task

Students will analyze their communication artifact for their oral interpretation project. The artifact is an excerpt from the movie “ANTZ”. The artifact to analyze in the paper is provided here….

The Insignificance of Being an Ant:

The animated film’s main character was neurotic drone ant Z-4195 (or “Z”/Zee) (voice of Woody Allen), living in a conformist, totalitarian ant society, without any individuality. In his opening monologue, he complained about his insignificant life during therapy to his psychologist (Paul Mazursky), who concluded their discussion with the statement that Zee had made a break-through: (“Yes, Z, you are insignificant”):

“All my life, I’ve lived and worked in the big city, which now that I think of it, is kind of a problem since I always feel uncomfortable around crowds. I mean it, I-I have this fear of enclosed spaces. I-I-I, everything makes me feel trapped all the time. You know, I always tell myself, there’s gotta be something better out there, but maybe I think too much.

I-I-I think everything must go back to the fact that I had a very anxious childhood. You know, my, my mother never had time for me. You know, when you’re – when you’re the middle child in a family of five million, you don’t get any attention. I mean, how’s it possible?

And I’ve always had these, these abandonment issues, which plagued me. My father was basically a drone like I’ve said, and, you know, the guy flew away when I was just a larva. And my job, don’t get me started on, ’cause it really annoys me. I was not cut out to be a worker, I’ll tell you right now. I-I-I feel physically inadequate. I, I, my whole life I’ve never, I’ve neverbeen able to lift more than ten times my own body weight, and, and when you get down to it, handling dirt is, you know, ewwww, is not my idea of a rewarding career. It’s this whole gung-ho super-organism thing that, that, that I – you know, I can’t get, I try but I can’t get it. I mean you know, what is it, I’m supposed to do everything for the colony, and, and what about my needs? What about me? I mean, I gotta believe there’s someplace out there that’s better than this! Otherwise, I will just curl up in a larval position and weep! The whole system makes me feel – insignificant!”

In this analytical essay students, will complete the following:

Students will include their rationale for the artifact. (ATTACHED IN THE FILES BELOW)

Students will conduct an internal and external analysis.

Students will compare and contrast their artifact to at least one other oral interpretation performance (pick one).

Students will identify a theory from the course text that is utilized in the analysis of their artifact.

Students will determine the validity of their artifact after analysis for oral interpretation performance.

Paper will be in FULL APA formatting and be at least 750 words.

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Project?Intent:?apply?theory?from?all?course?modules?of?NURS?631?into?an?evidence?based?project?that could?impact?a?healthcare?setting.?This?paper?will?challenge?students?to?actualize?the?management?and leadership?role?in?order?to?develop?a?strategic?planning?health?care?system?change?using?the?Donabedian model?(Structure???Process???Outcome).





















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