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Monitor error logs

Example 

1. Monitor error logs using Log4j to debug and fix problems. 

Description: A logging framework is important for any Java/J2EE based application. By changing the configuration, you can easily write your logs to different places. You can write your Java application logs to a database, files on the disk, a log management system, a console, Syslog or possibly other places in the network without changing your application code

Source: https://stackify.com/log4j-guide-dotnet-logging/

 My requirement: 

1.Performing transformations over the data using spark and AWS Elastics Map Reduce(EMR) according to the business requirement

Description – ?

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2.Automated Oozie workflow upon EMR Cluster spinup to ETL Brokerage Data to Hive/Data Lake

Description – ?

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3.Job automation with Ctrl-M to spin up EMR Cluster when Mainframe Data file landed on-prem

Description – ?

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4.Utilized Atlassian Bitbucket and Bamboo for Code repository, reviews, builds, and deployments to AWS

Description – ?

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5.Troposphere and CloudFormation template for handling S3 Bucket’s and EMR Cluster spinup’s

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6.Applying security policies using AWS IAM(Identity and Access Management) to control access to the data in cloud

Description – ?

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7.Utilized Splunk to pick up logs from EMR/CloudWatch for email alerts on Brokerage Data’s ETL status

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8.Elevating code into the development, test, and production environments on schedule. Providing follow up Production support. Submitting change control requests and documents

Description – ?

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9.Coordinating with Data tier for system integration and end-to-end development

Description – ?

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10.Created Performance Testing program in Python Spark to compare between two big data result sets

Description – ?

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11.Working with multiple Data analytics teams to provide enriched data to them so that it will be used for further analysis and reporting

Description – ?

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12.Tracking code quality through SonarQube

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13.Continuous Integration with Bamboo, Jenkins, and Maven

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14.Monitoring and improvising the end-user experience in using query tools

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Five Famous ERP Failures

Review the “Chapter Twelve Case: Five Famous ERP Failures” at the end of Ch. 12 of Business Driven Technology.

Chapter Twelve Case: Five Famous ERP Failures

The world of ERP may seem boring to those caught up in the hysteria over Twitter and iPhone applications, but there’s plenty of drama to be found: Troubled multimillion-dollar software deals that produce spectacular failures and huge spending nightmares; vendor marketing bravado that breeds cut-throat competition and contempt; and embarrassing and costly lawsuits over botched implementations and intellectual property breaches. Consider CIO.com’s brief and semi-chronological history of five ERP scandals as a warning if you’re contemplating an upgrade or implementation.

  1. Definitely Not a Sweet Experience for Hershey- Could a failed technology implementation take down a Fortune 500 company (in this case Hershey Foods)? Well, it certainly didn’t help Hershey’s operations during the Halloween season in 1999 or make Wall Street investors thrilled. In the end, Hershey’s ghastly problems with its SAP ERP, Siebel CRM and Manugistics supply chain applications prevented it from delivering $100 million worth of Kisses for Halloween that year and caused the stock to dip 8 percent. So I guess a failed technology project can’t actually take down a Fortune 500 company for good, but it can certainly knock it around a bit.
  2. Just Do It: Fix Our Supply Chain System- What did a $400 million upgrade to Nike’s supply chain and ERP systems get the world-renowned shoe- and athletic gear-maker? Well, for starters, $100 millionin lost sales, a 20 percent stock dip and a collection of class-action lawsuits. This was all back in 2000, and the horrendous results were due to a bold ERP, supply chain and CRM project that aimed to upgrade the systems into one superstar system. Nike’s tale is both of woe and warning.
  3. HP’s “Perfect Storm” of ERP Problems- The epic tale of HP’s centralization of its disparate North American ERP systems onto one SAP system proves that one can never be too pessimistic when it comes to ERP project management. You see, in 2004, HP’s project managers knew all of the things that could go wrong with their ERP rollout. But they just didn’t plan for so many of them to happen at once. The project eventually cost HP $160 million in order backlogs and lost revenue—more than five times the project’s estimated cost. Said Gilles Bouchard, then-CIO of HP’s global operations: “We had a series of small problems, none of which individually would have been too much to handle. But together they created the perfect storm.”
  4. A New Type of Freshman Hazing- Pity the college freshman at the University of Massachusetts in fall 2004: The last thing they needed was some computer program to haunt their lives and make their new collegiate experience even more uncertain. But more than 27,000 students at the University of Massachusetts as well as Stanford and Indiana University were forced to do battle with buggy portals and ERP applications that left them at best unable to find their classes and at worst unable to collect their financial aid checks. Said one UMass senior at the time: “The freshmen were going crazy because they didn’t know where to go.” After a couple of tense days and weeks, however, everyone eventually got their checks and class schedules.
  5. page 223Waste Management Trashes Its “Fake” ERP Software- Garbage-disposal giant Waste Management is still embroiled in an acrimonious $100 million legal battle with SAP over an 18-month installation of its ERP software. The initial deal began in 2005, but the legal saga commenced in March 2008, when Waste Management filed suit and claimed SAP executives participated in a fraudulent sales scheme that resulted in the massive failure. Several months later, SAP fired back, claiming that Waste Management allegedly violated its contractual agreement with SAP in several ways, including by “failing to timely and accurately define its business requirements,” and not providing “sufficient, knowledgeable, decision-empowered users and managers” to work on the project. In the fall 2008, accusations were still flying about documentation, depositions and delays in bringing the case before a judge. And that proposed 18-month implementation now sounds like a dream scenario.1

Review each of the five examples mentioned in the case. Use the company you currently work for or a company you have worked for answer the following questions:

  • What is the benefit of integrating SCM, CRM, and ERP in an organization? How will it help?
  • Why would an organization need to integrate an ERP?
  • What advice would you provide a company that is trying to decide if implementing an ERP is right for their organization?

Respond to at least three of your peers. In your response, address any thoughts you have on the benefits of ERP process and the value of integrating SCM, CRM, and ERP within an organization.

Students need to contribute three substantive posts in this discussion by the due date indicated. The substantive posts can be any combination of responses and replies.

Peer 1

The only organization I have worked for that used an ERP was a large urban school district in human resources and professional development. We used the SAP ERP. As far as I know, we did not use a CRM or SCM. Every piece of our employee data was entered into the system upon hire. Our different departments had their own permissions as far as the parts of the data they were able to see and work with. Human resources had several different departments under the HR umbrella: certificated staffing (teachers/principals), non-certificated staffing (clerical, IT, maintenance, etc.), certification (qualifying teacher candidates), and each area had its own permissions. The benefit was the centralized employee information database, so that each department was using the same raw data to perform whatever work they needed to do. There were no data redundancies.

Because we were such a large school district, it was important that everyone had access to the data they needed to complete their work. If each department worked with their own databases, it would increase the likelihood of errors or duplicate data. Reports could be selected from specific templates or you could run an ad hoc query and add your own parameters (ex: math teachers with a master’s degree hired in a certain month.

I think companies should determine which ERP most closely matches the needs of the business. A huge company might choose a big ERP system while a smaller company could try out a trial period in ERP in the cloud to see if it is worth the price for their company. They should have in-depth conversations with a vendor consultant to determine price of the software and per user and make sure their product meets their needs. A requirements meeting would go into detail about what the business is trying to accomplish and what the software will be able to deliver. Keeping employees in the loop and considering their input as part of the process will lead to greater employee buy-in. 

Peer 2

Benefits of integrating SCM, CRM and ERP?

First and foremost, all your data is in one location which gives you a 360-degree view of your customers data. This also helps streamline all your business processes, as well as helps manage access to the software. This allows your limit access to our employee who needs the access.

Why would you integrate ERP?

ERP also known a core system allows a company to automate / manage the company and business processes. The processes of automating simple small tasks allows your employees to be freed up to focus on customers are more important tasks for your company such as expanding the company’s business.

Advice for implementing an ERP?

Do an RFI on all the top Vendors to decide which vendor is the best choice for your company.

Plan for expanding, do not select software that will not still fit you 5, 10 even 15 years down the road.

Make sure the vendor provides training.

Make sure the data, testing and functionality is all there that the vendor says is there.

Make sure it fits with the business plan and initiatives

Reference:

Baltzan, Paige. BUSINESS DRIVEN TECHNOLOGY, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 20170207.

Peer 3

Hello everyone!

  • What is the benefit of integrating SCM, CRM, and ERP in an organization? How will it help

They are the backbone of ebusiness integration, success comes by integration of all these three. it allows the unlcokin of information to make it available anytime, any where and any user.

  • Why would an organization need to integrate an ERP?

Because ERP is a full functionality with high performance that meets all business needs, and user requirements and it focuses on accessiblity, ubiquity, usaablity, mobility driving many advanages and its cost efficient, faster time to market, enables mobile workforce, new product development

  • What advice would you provide a company that is trying to decide if implementing an ERP is right for their organization?

Make sure your company is ready to intergrate. Entail careful planning in order to minimize the risk of failure and ensure goals are met. And you need to understand what your business process are. The ERP requires standardize implementation blueprints it takes involvement of all business and IT staff to process.

Reference: Business Driven Technology, by Paige Baltzan, Chapter 12 Integrating the Organization from End to End Enterprise Planning,

https://phoenix.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781259852275/cfi/6/54!/4/2/2/2@0:0

Conduct a web search on organization

 Conduct a web search on organizations that were affected by Hurricane Katrina. Please select one business and cover the following:

(a) Provide a background of the organization.

(b) How was the organization impacted? What losses did it suffer?

(c) Describe the disaster recovery and business continuity that the business had in place?

(d) What were the lessons learned?

#############################################################################

Your paper should be 500-to-750 words, and written in APA Style.

•    12-pt, Times New Roman font
•    Double-spaced
•    1” margins on all sides
•    Please provide a title page including your Name, Course Number, Date of Submission, and Assignment name.
•    Paraphrasing of content – Demonstrate that you understand the case by summarizing the case in your own words. Direct quotes should be used minimally.
•    Reference Section (A separate page is recommended.) Please cite the source using APA formatting guidelines. If you need guidance or a refresher on this, please visit: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/ (link is external) Be sure to include at least three (3) reputable sources.
•    In-text citations – If you need additional guidance, please visit: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/ (link is external) 

“remake” an existing feature length film.

I presented a few ways that artists use video to remix, re-create, and/or reference a variety of original film narratives. In the spirit of the recent reboot trend, you will be editing your own footage to “remake” an existing feature length film. The challenge of this exercise is that your remake cannot be longer than 15 seconds.

Think of this project as mostly a creative challenge with a few technical elements needing to be checked off. A successful project – 6/6 – is one that meets the technical requirements below and attempts to tell a feature-length story with 15 seconds of video. We are not looking for a 15 second trailer, or a 15 second scene from a film – instead, we are looking for an attempt to show the whole story in 15 seconds. We are looking to see what strategies and solutions people come up with – the whole point is that it might not be completely possible.

What we are looking for (for grading):
We will be looking for evidence that your shots have been planned out, that basic elements like framing, settings / subjects and lighting have been considered, and that edits have been made for a reason. We hope to see projects that explore different strategies for communicating narrative information with video in a very short amount of time. If you are using human actors, be sure to read the content rule below which is also discussed on the 7.1 Tutorial Video Page.

What we don’t care about (for grading):
We don’t care about elaborate sets, costumes or FX, nor will we be judging cinematography beyond basic framing (see below). If you choose to include human actors, we do not care about acting abilities.

Camera + Video Editor Guidelines

  1. This exercise is designed to be completed with a smartphone – use whatever you feel most comfortable with – but the footage must be HORIZONTAL, i.e. turn your phone 90 degrees while you are filming.

     
  2. Video dimension needs to be between 2000 pixels wide and 720 pixels wide, and either 16:9 or 4:3 aspect ratio, which will determine the height of the video. Current iPhones (5s and higher) work with a 16:9 aspect ratio, and film at 1080p, which is actually 1920 pixels WIDE x 1080 pixels TALL. This can be confusing, but, as long as you are using an iPhone or Android from the past 4 or 5 years, the default settings are acceptable. Some common 16:9 dimensions are 1920×1080, 1280×720 or 720×480 – these will be slightly different for devices with 4:3 aspect ratio. General rule of thumb – if you don’t know, check the video dimensions after filming a few test shots, and then just set your project dimensions to fit the size of your video.

     
  3. You can use whatever editing program you are most comfortable with as long as you can combine and edit multiple layers of video and audio. iMovie, Premiere, Final Cut Pro etc are all acceptable.

     

Project Requirements

  1. Max 15 seconds long, or 16-secs long with a 1-sec title screen
  2. Video needs to be between 2000 – 720 pixels wide, height will vary based on capture settings.
  3. Video needs to be HORIZONTAL. Please no VERTICAL VIDEO. Turn your phones.
  4. Use of human actors is optional. If you decide to use human actors, you can be an actor in your own film, or you can work with other friends / peers as actors. Puppets, stop-motion, pets, etc, are all options to work with instead of or in addition to human actors.
  5. Use ALL ORIGINAL video footage
  6. Audio can be sampled from other sources
  7. No “End Credits”

ACTORS
Your actors (including yourself) can play any character from the original film you are re-making. Please do not use make-up or other methods to alter your actors’ physical characteristics in order to “look more” or “sound more” like the actors/characters from the original film in regards to their racial, cultural and/or ethnic presentation. This is different from using hair and make-up to achieve effects such as bruising or scars, or using make-up on an actor playing a non-human or fantastical character (such as a zombie, a super-human or an alien). Please email me if you have any questions about this requirement.

FILM SELECTION
Select any feature-length film that was released in theaters and/or a streaming platform (U.S. or international). It can be a feature length animated film. It cannot be a mini-series, TV Episode or series, or documentary. The length can vary, but it cannot be a “short”. Sites like IMDB or Rotten Tomatoes will usually classify films as “shorts” or “features” – so, this can be a good thing to refer to if you are unsure.

A few more possible strategies, tips and hints:

  • Don’t worry about elaborate costumes, backdrops or effects – we are evaluating these in terms of how creative people can get with what they have, as well as the use of different types of shots and flow of action with edits.
  • One possible method could be to re-watch or jump through the original film to try to select 5 – 10 key “beats” of the narrative, either in terms of action, recognizable shots / settings or identifiable character moments. These can be good starting points to develop ideas for what to film, or a few defining moments to build your 15 seconds of video around.
  • When editing, think about how much time each cut of videos needs to be seen / understood by the viewer.
  • Use filmed dialogue very minimally – voice-overs / narration added after the fact can be a lot easier to time and edit than dialogue spoken by actors on-camera.
  • Sound fx or music snippets from the original film can be included in your re-make.
  • Don’t waste time on credits. Every film can have an extra 1 second for the title screen.

government and healthcare.

An important purpose of this assignment is to examine what the different branches and layers of government do to address a policy using a current issue to illustrate it.

Complete a research essay on the government and healthcare. Remember this is being written for the president to read. 

The U.S. healthcare system has been a controversial topic for decades. Here are the aspects and questions to address for this essay:

  1. Identify a current issue being debated about the American healthcare system.
  2. Explain two competing solutions to this problem.
  3. Evaluate which one is preferable.
  4. Address the responsibilities of each level of government, which are federal, state, and local. (Most of the essay will be about the federal government).
  5. Address the responsibilities of each of the three branches of the federal government.

REQUIREMENTS:

  • 500 word minimum and 600 word maximum length, not including references listed at the end or footnotes if used.
  • Incorporation of concepts and terms from the required readings.
  • Inclusion of facts from a recent news article about the topic/solution.
  • Correct spelling, grammar, and formatting, whether it’s APA, MLA, or Chicago/Turabian.
  • See the essay rubric for further details on grading.

Writing tips:

1) Write concisely! More is not necessarily better if the required points from the rubric are missed. A 500-word essay can earn an “A,” while a 700 word essay may lose points for going too long.

2) Essays should be written in the third person perspective. (Avoid using “I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, you, your”).

Assignment Instructions

Assignment Instructions

This is the last piece of your class project. Imagine the presentation has been approved by the president and will be publicly published to sell the president’s ideas. See the overview of the project for a refresher on the purpose. 

Take your research from the essays and present it in a multimedia presentation using PowerPoint. Here’s a link to instructions on using PowerPoint if you’re new to it. APUS provide access to Office 365. Even if you don’t want to use Microsoft, OfficeOpen Office can also be used to create PowerPoint presentations, . Alternative formats are acceptable too if available to you, such as Prezio or Knovio with free version or free trials. 

There is no need to purchase additional software to complete the assignment.

REQUIREMENTS

  • A title slide and reference slide.
  • Each topic will have a four-slide minimum to explain the problem, illustrate the competing solutions, and explain why one is better. 
  • At least one use of animation and one sound should be used within the final product. 

PowerPoint Presentation

Required Readings: Burns, Chapter 5: Spanish Plunder (1898-1917) Howe, Chapter 4: Ends and aftermaths of Empire

PowerPoint Presentation

1. You can use course materials (books, articles, etc.) and outside sources. But use reliable outside sources. Not Wikipedia. 

2. Demonstrate critical thinking skills through your presentation. For example, if your topic is “what is imperialism?” you should not only give its definition(s), but tell the class much more such as its history; who started it; what are the different views scholars hold; what are the outcomes of imperialism and are there any imperial powers in the world today? Etc. 

3. You should use this frame of thinking about the treaties and other case studies. For example, if your topic is “The Treaty of Paris,” tell us when and why it happened? What were its outcomes? Does it have any bearing on the contemporary world?Etc.

4. Always try to relate it to the central question or theme of the course: American imperialism. Is or has America been an imperial power? How and why or why not? Why should we believe your argument?

Use PowerPoint. The lesser the text on slides, the better. Use meaningful pictures and tell us the story yourself.

Enhance and/or improve critical thinking

TOTAL have 4 critical review about POL SC. I will choose two person to write it .

For this critical review, it has 5 places that you need to write down.

Assignment Objectives:  Enhance and/or improve critical thinking and media literacy skills by: 

                                1. Developing a clear and concise thesis statement (an argument) in response to the

                                     following question: Does the film have the power to transform political sensibilities?

                                2. Writing an outline for a five paragraph analytical essay building on a clear and

                                     concise thesis statement, including topic sentences and secondary supports.

                                3. Identifying and explaining three scenes from the film text in support of the thesis

                                     statement/argument.

                                4.  Writing an introductory paragraph for the outlined analytical essay

Be sure to read thoroughly the writing conventions below before beginning this assignment.  

Note: You are NOT writing a full essay; rather, you are outlining an analytical essay by completing the dialogue boxes below.

Writing a Critical Review (analytical) Essay
 

  1. Every essay that you write for this course must have a clear thesis, placed (perhaps) somewhere near the end of the introductory paragraph. Simply stated, a THESIS (or ARGUMENT) expresses, preferably in a single sentence, the point you want to make about the text that is the subject of your essay. A THESIS should be an opinion or interpretation of the text, not merely a fact or observation.  The best possible THESIS will answer some specific questions about the text. Very often the THESIS contains an outline of the major points to be covered in the essay. A possible thesis for an essay on character in Perry Henzell’s The Harder They Come might read somewhat as follows:


    The protagonist of THTC is not a hero in the epic sense of the word, but a self-centered young man bred of economic oppression and cultural dependency. The characters in this film have no real psychological depth, but are markers for a society of consumption and momentary glory.


    (You might then go on to exemplify from the text and argue in favor or against this interpretation: your essay need not hold to only one perspective.)


    What single, clear QUESTION does the above THESIS attempt to answer?

     
  2. Each essay should be organized into five (5) paragraphs, each based on one of two to four major ideas, which will comprise the BODY of the essay. Each paragraph must have a topic sentence, often (but not always) towards the beginning of the paragraph, which clearly states the ARGUMENT or point to be made in the paragraph. Following the thesis set forth above, the first paragraph might begin with a sentence like “Ivan’s desires and his destiny are signaled in the opening shots of the film, where the friendly, jumbled interior of the bus is contrasted with Ivan’s first view of the outer world: a world of shiny white cars and beautiful women.” Avoid topic sentences that fail to make an interpretative statement about the work or that merely state something any reader might observe; for example, “The first characters we see are country people on a bus to town.”

     
  3. Underline the THESIS and each TOPIC SENTENCE in every critical review essay you submit. This exercise will force you to make certain that you have expressed and developed the ideas in your essay clearly and logically.  (In other words, do not do this exercise five minutes before you submit the essay but, rather, as you are working on the very first draft.)

     
  4. Always use present tense verbs in your critical review essays about film texts.  Present tense is the verb tense of analysis.  Past tense, on the other hand, is the tense of narration. In each essay, you will be analyzing a particular text, not retelling or summarizing the story.  If you find yourself slipping into past tense as you compose, you are probably narrating rather than analyzing.

     
  5. Use specific passages from the text to support each point that you make in your essay. You may simply refer to an event in the text, or you may paraphrase what a character or the narrator says. But the best EVIDENCE will most often be direct quotes from the text.  
     

The Introductory Paragraph – Some Approaches

In your essay, an opening or introductory paragraph may not always be the first one you write.  But it will be the first one your readers read and you need to engage your readers’ attention and interest and present all you need to make your thesis clear and convincing.

  1. Some Pitfalls to Avoid
     
    1. Dictionary definitions:  Define key terms and concepts in your opening paragraph, but don’t quote directly from the dictionary to do so. Use a dictionary – more than one dictionary – to formulate the definition in your own words.

       
    2. Generalizations about “life,” “society,” “people today,” etc.: You don’t want to begin your essay with the kind of statement that teeters on that fine line between opinion (those ideas you will go on to prove) and belief (those ideas unprovable with the evidence offered by the text).  Rather than a statement like, “Almost every man has a sense of pride and will go to war to prove it,” try something more specific to the text you are analyzing.  “The character of Roland exemplifies how personal pride and personal valor do not always lead to the most fortunate conclusion.”

       
    3. The painfully obvious:  Avoid opening statements like “Dante’s Inferno is about a journey to hell,” or “Roland is the hero of The Song of Roland,” unless such statements are in some way controversial and challenging to traditional interpretations of the text. Try to avoid any kind of tautological formula – “something is something else” – in the opening sentence, especially, but also elsewhere as an “argument.”

       
    4. Try to distinguish between historical or biographical fact:  “Dante’s Inferno was written in fourteenth-century Italy,” and interpretation, especially when you are considering the intention of an author:  “Dante wrote his Inferno to expose the problem of Florentine political corruption to the world.” The latter may be a part of your theory or thesis (or conclusion) but if you use it as a statement of fact (an “intentional fallacy”) you will have to prove it rather than merely argue it – a slippery and difficult and perhaps not particularly useful task. Beware also of using vague or imprecise generalizations of terms such as “dramatic,” “realistic,” or “critical,” which differ in their literary and historical significance.
       
  2. Challenges to Meet
     
    1. Try for a (syntactically) shapely and relevant opening sentence: be thoughtful and original and persuasive.  Always look for interesting ways into your essay: an epigraph, perhaps, or an important episode that seems to set the stage for what you want to say, or a succinct comparison with another well-known work, which will help your reader understand the point you want to make.

       
    2. Always (particularly in a comparative essay) identify your texts early on. (Usually with full title, full authors’ names, and date/period of publication.)

       
    3. Think of your thesis statement as the logical goal of the first paragraph. Everything you say here should lead towards (or from) that thesis. Anything that doesn’t lead in that direction – unless you are presenting a view different from yours, which you want to argue against—doesn’t belong in your paragraph.  Think of the paragraph as a funnel, where the contents are being concentrated and filtered to one end.
       

 Using proper MLA bibliographic formatting, cite the film text in the box to the right: 

  Write here

1. Develop a thesis statement pertaining to the assigned film text and whether or not it, the film, in your view has the power to transform one’s political sensibilities. Your argument should express your point of view regarding the politics of difference, political sensibilities, and political transformation(s) as related to the film. Remember, you’re writing (developing) an analytical essay. Submit your thesis statement in the box located to the right. Be sure to proofread your work.

Write here

2. Develop three (3) topic sentences that articulate the major ideas that will comprise the body of your essay. Remember that your topic sentences should clearly state the argument or point to be made in the respective paragraphs and must map back to your thesis statement. Submit your topic sentences in the box located to the right. Be sure to proofread your work.

Write here

3. Identify three (3) scenes from the film that support your thesis statement. Briefly explain your choices of scenes and how the scenes specifically support your thesis statement. Also, provide the exact time the scenes begin and end within the film text. Submit your reply in the box located to the right. Be sure to proofread your work.

Write here

4. Lastly, fully develop your introductory paragraph. Remember that the best possible thesis will answer some specific question about the text. In this case a question related to the film’s power to transform political sensibilities regarding difference. Your thesis statement should appear parenthetically within the paragraph you present. Submit your answer in the box located to the right. Be sure to proofread your work.

Write here

economic climate

USING YOUR OWN WORDS, please answer the following prompts based on the reading by Halperin Donghi:

1. Describe the world economic climate after 1970. How did it affect Latin American countries´ ability to borrow money internationally and pay standing loans? (200 words)

2. Describe the United States´ policy towards Latin America in the period after 1970? (250 words)