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Price Analysis for the Navigation System

Assignment 2: Price Analysis for the Navigation System

In order to complete this assignment, refer to the scenario from Assignment 1, as well as to the scenarios and readings from previous weeks.

Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you:

  1. Analyze      your company’s cost classification for pricing of the navigation system.      Defend your cost classification to the US government.
  2. Determine      reasonable, allowable, allocable, variable, fixed & semi-variable      costs for your company after the initial startup phase is complete.
  3. Predict      the method for performing price analysis that the US government will want      from your new company and VectorCal. Justify your response.
  4. Use      at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note:      Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

· Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

· Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

· Examine the various cost classifications, the different allocation bases, and the application of cost-accounting standards.

· Use technology and information resources to research issues in cost and price analysis.

· Write clearly and concisely about cost and price analysis using proper writing mechanics.

Click here to view the grading rubric.

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A spreadsheet file and a 700–1,000-word report that addresses the qualitative questions

Individual Project Capital Budgeting Concepts Wed, 6/21/17Numeric 200 0 A spreadsheet file and a 700–1,000-word report that addresses the qualitative questions

A company is considering making a new bicycle. The company expects to sell 4,000 units of the bicycle each year for 5 years. Each bicycle is expected to sell for $400. The company’s tax rate is 30%. Fixed costs are $700,000 per year, and variable costs are $75 per bicycle.

To make the bicycle, the company will purchase a machine that costs $1.5 million today. The machine will be depreciated with straight-line depreciation over a 5-year period. The machine will be sold for $50,000 when this project ends in 5 years.

The net working capital requirements are $150,000 at Year 0, which are expected to be recovered in full in Year 5. The required rate of return for the project is 12%.

Complete the following with this information:

  • Estimate the project’s cash flows
  • Estimate the project’s net present value (NPV)
  • Determine if the project should be accepted or not

A spreadsheet file and a 700–1,000-word report that addresses the qualitative questions was first posted on July 9, 2019 at 10:26 am.
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What is the projected probability of default for the borrower?

Here are 2 questions, and each question has 2 or 3 parts that I need full and complete calculations and explanations. PLEASE READ them. This is Due Friday the 27th thank you for your help in advance. Directions and questions are also attached in word document 

Question 20

suppose the estimated linear probability model used by an FI to predict business loan applicant default probabilities is PD = 0.03X1 + 0.02X2 − 0.05X3 + error, where X1 is the borrower’s debt/equity ratio, X2 is the volatility of borrower earnings, and X3 is the borrower’s profit ratio. For a particular loan applicant, X1 = 0.75, X2 = 0.25, and X3 = 0.10.

A.  What is the projected probability of default for the borrower?

B.   What is the projected probability of repayment if the debt/equity ratio is 2.5?

Question 32

The bond equivalent yields for U.S. Treasury and A-rated corporate bonds with maturities of 93 and 175 days are given below:

    93 days 175 Days  
Treasury strip   8.07% 8.11%  
A-rated corporate   8.42 8.66  
Spread   0.35 0.55  
         

a.   What are the implied forward rates for both an 82-day Treasury and an 82-day A-rated bond beginning in 93 days? Use daily compounding on a 365-day year basis.

b.   What is the implied probability of default on A-rated bonds over the next 93 days? Over 175 days?

     c. What is the implied default probability on an 82-day, A-rated bond to be issued in 93 days?


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the value of an unlevered firm is equal to the value of a levered firm

Question

Save All Answers Save and Submit

Question 1

The interest tax shield is a key reason why:

A. the required rate of return on assets rises when debt is added to the capital structure.

B. the value of an unlevered firm is equal to the value of a levered firm.

C. the net cost of debt to a firm is generally less than the cost of equity.

D. the cost of debt is equal to the cost of equity for a levered firm.

E. firms prefer equity financing over debt financing.

4 points

Save Answer

Question 2

Rosita’s has a cost of equity of 13.8% and a pre-tax cost of debt of 8.5%. The debt-equity ratio is .60 and the tax rate is .34. What is Rosita’s unlevered cost of capital?

A. 8.83%

B. 12.30%

C. 13.97%

D. 14.08%

E. 14.60%

4 points Save Answer

138 = RU + (RU – .085) × .60 × (1 − .34); .17166 = 1.396RU; RU = .12297 = 12.30 %

Question 3

Juanita’s Steak House has $12,000 of debt outstanding that is selling at par and has a coupon rate of 8%. The tax rate is 34%. What is the present value of the tax shield?

A. $2,823

B. $2,887

C. $4,080

D. $4,500

E. $4,633

4 points Save Answer

Present value of the tax shield = .34×$12,000 = $4,080

Question 4

The Backwoods Lumber Co. has a debt-equity ratio of .80. The firm’s required return on assets is 12% and its cost of equity is 15.68%. What is the pre-tax cost of debt based on MM Proposition II with no taxes?

A. 6.76%

B. 7.00%

C. 7.25%

D. 7.40%

E. 7.50%

4 points Save Answer

.1568 = .12 + (.12 – Rd)´.80; Rd= .074 = 7.40%

Question 5

The combination of the efficient set of portfolios with a riskless lending and borrowing rate results in:

A. the capital market line which shows that all investors will only invest in the riskless asset.

B. the capital market line which shows that all investors will invest in a combination of the riskless asset and the tangency portfolio.

C. the security market line which shows that all investors will invest in the riskless asset only.

D. the security market line which shows that all investors will invest in a combination of the riskless asset and the tangency portfolio.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 6

A stock with an actual return that lies above the security market line:

A. has more systematic risk than the overall market.

B. has more risk than warranted based on the realized rate of return.

C. has yielded a higher return than expected for the level of risk assumed.

D. has less systematic risk than the overall market.

E. has yielded a return equivalent to the level of risk assumed.

4 points Save Answer

Question 7

The primary purpose of portfolio diversification is to:

A. increase returns and risks.

B. eliminate all risks.

C. eliminate asset-specific risk.

D. eliminate systematic risk.

E. lower both returns and risks.

4 points Save Answer

Question 8

A portfolio contains two assets. The first asset comprises 40% of the portfolio and has a beta of 1.2. The other asset has a beta of 1.5. The portfolio beta is:

A. 1.35

B. 1.38

C. 1.42

D. 1.50

E. 1.55

4 points Save Answer

βp = .4(1.2) + .6(1.5) = 1.38

Question 9

Payback is frequently used to analyze independent projects because:

A. it considers the time value of money.

B. all relevant cash flows are included in the analysis.

C. it is easy and quick to calculate.

D. it is the most desirable of all the available analytical methods from a financial perspective.

E. it produces better decisions than those made using either NPV or IRR.

4 points Save Answer

Question 10

A project has an initial cost of $2,100. The cash inflows are $0, $500, $900, and $700 over the next four years, respectively. What is the payback period?

A. 1 years

B. 2 years

C. 3 years

D. 4 years

E. never

4 points Save Answer

Question 11

The payback period rule accepts all investment projects in which the payback period for the cash flows is:

A. greater than one.

B. greater than the cutoff point.

C. less than the cutoff point.

D. positive.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 12

The internal rate of return for a project will increase if:

A. the initial cost of the project can be reduced.

B. the total amount of the cash inflows is reduced.

C. each cash inflow is moved such that it occurs one year later than originally projected.

D. the required rate of return is reduced.

E. the salvage value of the project is omitted from the analysis.

4 points Save Answer

Question 13

An investment with an initial cost of $14,000 produces cash flows of $4,000 annually for 5 years. If the cash flow is evenly spread out over the year and the firm can borrow at 10%, the discounted payback period is _____ years.

A. 2.5

B. 2.68

C. 4.53

D. 4.87

E. Never

4 points Save Answer

Question 14

Estimates using the arithmetic average will probably tend to _____ values over the long-term while estimates using the geometric average will probably tend to _____ values over the short-term.

A. overestimate; overestimate

B. overestimate; underestimate

C. underestimate; overestimate

D. underestimate; underestimate

E. accurately; accurately

4 points Save Answer

Question 15

A stock has an expected rate of return of 8.3% and a standard deviation of 6.4%. Which one of the following best describes the probability that this stock will lose 11% or more in any one given year?

A. less than 0.5%

B. less than 1.0%

C. less than 1.5%

D. less than 2.5%

E. less than 5%

4 points Save Answer

Lower bound of 99% probability range = .083 – (3´.064) = -.109 = -10.9%;Probability of losing 11% or more is less than 0.5%.

Question 16

You purchased 300 shares of Deltona, Inc. stock for $44.90 a share. You have received a total of $630 in dividends and $14,040 in proceeds from selling the shares. What is your capital gains yield on this stock?

A. 4.06%

B. 4.23%

C. 4.68%

D. 8.55%

E. 8.91%

4 points Save Answer

Cost = 300×$44.90 = $13,470;

Capital gains yield = ($14,040 – $13,470) ÷ $13,470 = 4.23%

Question 17

One year ago, you purchased a stock at a price of $32 a share. Today, you sold the stock and realized a total return of 25%. Your capital gain was $6 a share. What was your dividend yield on this stock?

A. 1.25%

B. 3.75%

C. 6.25%

D. 18.75%

E. 21.25%

4 points Save Answer

Capital  gain yield = $6/$32=18.75%;

Divided yield = 25%/18.75%=6.25%

Question 18

Excelsior shares are currently selling for $25 each. You bought 200 shares one year ago at $24 and received dividend payments of $1.50 per share. What was your percentage capital gain this year?

A. 4.17%

B. 6.25%

C. 10.42%

D. 104.17%

E. 110.42%

4 points Save Answer

Total Return = ($25 – $24)/$25 = .04167 = 4.17%

Question 19

Murphy’s, Inc. has 10,000 shares of stock outstanding with a par value of $1.00 per share. The market value is $8 per share. The balance sheet shows $32,500 in the capital in excess of par account, $10,000 in the common stock account and $42,700 in the retained earnings account. The firm just announced a 10% (small) stock dividend. What will the market price per share be after the dividend?

A. $7.20

B. $7.27

C. $7.33

D. $8.00

E. $8.80

4 points Save Answer

Market price per share = (10,000 shares×$8)÷(10,000 shares×1.10) = $7.27; Note that the total market value of the firm does not change

Question 20

Samuel’s has 7,000 shares of stock outstanding with a par value of $1.00 per share and a market value of $12 per share. The balance sheet shows $7,000 in the common stock account, $58,000 in the capital in excess of par account and $32,500 in the retained earnings account. The firm just announced a 50% (large) stock dividend. What is the value of the common stock account after the dividend?

A. $7,000

B. $8,500

C. $9,000

D. $10,500

E. $14,000

4 points Save Answer

Common stock = [(7,000 shares × .50) × $1] + $7,000 = $10,500

Question 21

Samuel’s has 7,000 shares of stock outstanding with a par value of $1.00 per share and a market value of $12 per share. The balance sheet shows $7,000 in the common stock account, $58,000 in the capital in excess of par account, and $32,500 in the retained earnings account. The firm just announced a 50% (large) stock dividend. What is the market value per share after the dividend?

A. $6.00

B. $8.00

C. $9.00

D. $10.50

E. $12.00

4 points Save Answer

Market value per share = (7,000 share x $12)

(7,000 x 1.5) =$8.00

Note that the total market value of the firm does not change

Question 22

A reverse split is when:

A. the stock price gets too high for investors to purchase in round lots.

B. the stock becomes too liquid and highly marketable.

C. the stock price moves into the popular trading range.

D. several old shares, such as 4, are replaced by 1 new share.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 23

Which one of the following statements concerning a sole proprietorship is correct?

A. The life of the firm is limited to the life span of the owner.

B. The owner can generally raise large sums of capital quite easily.

C. The ownership of the firm is easy to transfer to another individual.

D. The company must pay separate taxes from those paid by the owner.

E. The legal costs to form a sole proprietorship are quite substantial.

4 points Save Answer

Question 24

Which one of the following statements concerning a sole proprietorship is correct?

A. A sole proprietorship is the least common form of business ownership.

B. The profits of a sole proprietorship are taxed twice.

C. The owners of a sole proprietorship share profits as established by the partnership agreement.

D. The owner of a sole proprietorship may be forced to sell his/her personal assets to pay company debts.

E. A sole proprietorship is often structured as a limited liability company.

4 points Save Answer

Question 25

A stakeholder is:

A. any person or entity that owns shares of stock of a corporation.

B. any person or entity that has voting rights based on stock ownership of a corporation.

C. a person who initially started a firm and currently has management control over the cash flows of the firm due to his/her current ownership of company stock.

D. a creditor to whom the firm currently owes money and who consequently has a claim on the cash flows of the firm.

E. any person or entity other than a stockholder or creditor who potentially has a claim on the cash flows of the firm.

4 points Save Answer

Question 26

Which one of the following is a capital budgeting decision?

A. Determining how much debt should be borrowed from a particular lender

B. Deciding whether or not to open a new store

C. Deciding when to repay a long-term debt

D. Determining how much inventory to keep on hand

E. Determining how much money should be kept in the checking account

4 points Save Answer

Question 27

Toni’s Tools is comparing machines to determine which one to purchase. The machines sell for differing prices, have differing operating costs, differing machine lives, and will be replaced when worn out. These machines should be compared using:

A. net present value only.

B. both net present value and the internal rate of return.

C. their equivalent annual costs.

D. the depreciation tax shield approach.

E. the replacement parts approach.

4 points Save Answer

Question 28

The equivalent annual cost method is useful in determining:

A. the annual operating cost of a machine if the annual maintenance is performed versus when the maintenance is not performed as recommended.

B. the tax shield benefits of depreciation given the purchase of new assets for a project.

C. operating cash flows for cost-cutting projects of equal duration.

D. which one of two machines to acquire given equal machine lives but unequal machine costs.

E. which one of two machines to purchase when the machines are mutually exclusive, have different machine lives, and will be replaced once they are worn out.

4 points Save Answer

Question 29

A company which uses the MACRS system of depreciation:

A. will have equal depreciation costs each year of an asset’s life.

B. will expense the cost of nonresidential real estate over a period of 7 years.

C. can depreciate the cost of land, if it so desires.

D. will write off the entire cost of an asset over the asset’s class life.

E. cannot expense any of the cost of a new asset during the first year of the asset’s life.

4 points Save Answer

Question 30

Your firm purchased a warehouse for $335,000 six years ago. Four years ago, repairs were made to the building which cost $60,000. The annual taxes on the property are $20,000. The warehouse has a current book value of $268,000 and a market value of $295,000. The warehouse is totally paid for and solely owned by your firm. If the company decides to assign this warehouse to a new project, what value, if any, should be included in the initial cash flow of the project for this building?

A. $0

B. $268,000

C. $295,000

D. $395,000

E. $515,000

Opportunity cost = $295,000

4 points Save Answer

Question 31

The difference between bank cash and book cash is called:

A. float.

B. disbursement float.

C. net float.

D. collection float.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 32

Collection float increases:

A. disbursement float.

B. bank cash.

C. book cash.

D. gross float times net float.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 33

The Smythe firm expects a total cash need of $9,000 over the next 4 months. They have a beginning cash balance of $1,000, and cash is replenished when it hits zero. The fixed cost of selling securities to replenish cash balances is $4.00. The interest rate on marketable securities is 8% per annum. There is a constant rate of cash disbursement and no cash receipts during the month. Based on the firm’s current practice, what is the average daily cash balance (a month has 30 days)?

A. $20.00

B. $45.25

C. $54.17

D. $69.48

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 34

Checks written by the firm are said to generate:

A. collection float.

B. ledger float.

C. disbursement float.

D. book float.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 35

The Holly Corporation has a new rights offering that allows you to buy one share of stock with 4 rights and $25 per share. The stock is now selling ex-rights for $30. The price rights-on is:

A. $21.00.

B. $25.00.

C. $30.00.

D. $31.25.

E. impossible to determine without the cum-rights price.

4 points Save Answer

RX=(PX-S)/N=($30-$25)/4=$1.25; Price = $30+$1.25=$31.25

Question 36

Which of the following is not one of the four main functions that underwriters provide?

A. Risk bearing

B. Marketing

C. Auditing the financial statements

D. Certification

E. Monitoring

4 points Save Answer

Question 37

Venture capitalists are

A. intermediaries that raise funds from outside investors.

B. play an active role in overseeing, advising, and monitoring the companies in which they invest.

C. generally do not want to own the investment forever.

D. intermediaries that raise funds from outside investors and play an active role in overseeing, advising, and monitoring the companies in which they invest.

E. intermediaries that raise funds from outside investors, play an active role in overseeing, advising, and monitoring the companies in which they invest, and generally do not want to own the investment forever.

4 points Save Answer

Question 38

Empirical evidence suggests that new equity issues are generally:

A. priced efficiently by the market.

B. overpriced by investor excitement concerning a new issue.

C. overpriced resulting from SEC regulation.

D. underpriced, in part, to counteract the winner’s curse.

E. underpriced resulting from SEC regulation.

4 points Save Answer

Question 39

An investor discovers that for a certain group of stocks, large positive price changes are always followed by large negative price changes. This finding is a violation of the:

A. moderate form of the efficient market hypothesis.

B. semistrong form of the efficient market hypothesis.

C. strong form of the efficient market hypothesis.

D. weak form of the efficient market hypothesis.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 40

Under the concept of an efficient market, a random walk in stock prices means that:

A. there is no driving force behind price changes.

B. technical analysts can predict future price movements to earn excess returns.

C. the unexplained portion of price change in one period is unrelated to the unexplained portion of price change in any other period.

D. the unexplained portion of price change in one period that cannot be explained by expected return can only be explained by the unexplained portion of price change in a prior period.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 41

In order to create value from capital budgeting decisions, the firm is likely to:

A. locate an unsatisfied demand for a particular product or service.

B. create a barrier to make it more difficult for other firms to compete.

C. produce products or services at a lower cost than the competition.

D. locate an unsatisfied demand for a particular product or service and produce products or services at a lower cost than the competition.

E. locate an unsatisfied demand for a particular product or service; create a barrier to make it more difficult for other firms to compete; and produce products or services at a lower cost than the competition.

4 points Save Answer

Question 42

If the market is weak form efficient:

A. semistrong form efficiency holds.

B. strong form efficiency must hold.

C. semistrong form efficiency may hold.

D. markets are not weak form efficient.

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 43

Your _____ tax rate is the amount of tax payable on the next taxable dollar you earn.

A. deductible

B. residual

C. total

D. average

E. Marginal

4 points Save Answer

Question 44

_____ is calculated by adding back noncash expenses to net income and adjusting for changes in current assets and liabilities.

A. Operating cash flow

B. Capital spending

C. Net working capital

D. Cash flow from operations

E. Cash flow to creditors

4 points Save Answer

Question 45

Which of the following is not included in the computation of operating cash flow?

A. Earnings before interest and taxes

B. Interest paid

C. Depreciation

D. Current taxes

E. All of these are included

4 points Save Answer

Question 46

Earnings per share is equal to:

A. net income divided by the total number of shares outstanding.

B. net income divided by the par value of the common stock.

C. gross income multiplied by the par value of the common stock.

D. operating income divided by the par value of the common stock.

E. net income divided by total shareholders’ equity.

4 points Save Answer

Question 47

If you have a choice to earn simple interest on $10,000 for three years at 8% or annually compounded interest at 7.5% for three years which one will pay more and by how much?

A. Simple interest by $50.00

B. Compound interest by $22.97

C. Compound interest by $150.75

D. Compound interest by $150.00

E. None of these.

4 points Save Answer

Question 48

What is the future value of $1,000 a year for five years at a 6% rate of interest?

A. $4,212.36

B. $5,075.69

C. $5,637.09

D. $6,001.38

E. $6,801.91

4 points Save Answer

Question 49

Your parents are giving you $100 a month for four years while you are in college. At a 6% discount rate, what are these payments worth to you when you first start college?

A. $3,797.40

B. $4,167.09

C. $4,198.79

D. $4,258.03

E. $4,279.32

4 points Save Answer

Question 50

You estimate that you will have $24,500 in student loans by the time you graduate. The interest rate is 6.5%. If you want to have this debt paid in full within five years, how much must you pay each month?

A. $471.30

B. $473.65

C. $476.79

D. $479.37

E. $480.40

4 points Save Answer


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Shrieves Casting Company

Write a 750 to 1000 word paper. In your paper include the following:

  • Complete questions A through J for the Mini Case involving Shrieves Casting Company on pages 495 & 496. Please complete the paper in actual paper format including an introduction paragraph, a clearly labeled paragraph for each question (A, B, C, etc.), a conclusion paragraph, and a references page.

Include a title page and 3-5 references.  Only one reference may be from the internet (not Wikipedia).  The other refrences must be from the Grantham University online library.  Please adhere to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), (6th ed. 2nd printing) when writing and submitting assignments and papers.

NOTE: (Pages 495 & 496 are in the attachement )


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Which of the following will only be executed if the order’s price conditions are met?

1. Which of the following will only be executed if the order’s price conditions are met?

An unlimited order

A trade

A limit order

A spread

2. A 5.5 percent corporate coupon bond is callable in four years for a call premium of one year of coupon payments. Assuming a par value of $1,000, what is the price paid to the bondholder if the issuer calls the bond? (Assume annual interest payments.)

$220

$1,055

$1,000

$55

3. Which of the following terms is the chance that the bond issuer will not be able to make timely payments?

Interest rate risk

Liquidity of interest rate risk

Term structure of interest rates

Credit quality risk

4. Which of the following is a true statement?

If interest rates fall, corporate bonds will have decreasing values.

If interest rates fall, U.S. Treasury bonds will have decreasing values.

If interest rates fall, no bonds will enjoy rising values.

If interest rates fall, all bonds will enjoy rising values.

5. At your discount brokerage firm, it costs $9.95 per stock trade. How much money do you need to buy 100 shares of Ralph Lauren (RL), which trades at $85.13?

$8,522.95

$8,503.00

$9,508.00

$8,503.05

6. As residual claimants, which of these investors claim any cash flows to the firm that remain after the firm pays all other claims?

Common stockholders

Preferred stockholders

Creditors

Bondholders

7. You would like to sell 100 shares of Pfizer, Inc. (PFE). The current bid and ask quotes are $27.22 and $27.25, respectively. You place a limit sell-order at $27.24. If the trade executes, how much money do you receive from the buyer?

$5,446.00

$2,724.00

$2,725.00

$2,722.00

8. A fast growing firm recently paid a dividend of $0.50 per share. The dividend is expected to increase at a 25 percent rate for the next 3 years. Afterwards, a more stable 12 percent growth rate can be assumed. If a 15 percent discount rate is appropriate for this stock, what is its value?

$22.62

$5.00

$36.46

$25.75

9. Consider the following three bond quotes; a Treasury note quoted at 87:25, and a corporate bond quoted at 102.42, and a municipal bond quoted at 101.45. If the Treasury and corporate bonds have a par value of $1,000 and the municipal bond has a par value of $5,000, what is the price of these three bonds in dollars?

$877.81, $1,024.20, $5,072.50, respectively

$872.50, $1,000, $1,000, respectively

$1000, $1,000, $1,000, respectively

$1,000, $1,024.20, $1,001.45, respectively

10. Which of the following terms is a comparison of market yields on securities, assuming all characteristics except maturity are the same?

Credit quality risk

Liquidity of interest rate risk 

Term structure of interest rates

Interest rate risk

11. Which of the following is a legal contract that outlines the precise terms between the issuer and the bondholder?

Debenture

Enforcement codes

Prospectus      

Indenture

12. Which of the following is a debt security whose payments originate from other loans, such as credit card debt, auto loans, and home equity loans?

Credit quality securities

Junk bonds

Asset-backed securities

Debentures

13.The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) includes:

500 firms that are the largest in their respective economic sectors.

all of the stock listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

30 of the largest (market capitalization) and most active companies in the U.S. economy.

500 firms that are the largest as ranked by Fortune Magazine.

14. On November 26, 2007, The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 12,743.40, which was down 237.44 that day. What was the return (in percent) of the stock market that day?

+1.83 percent

-0.02 percent

+0.02 percent

-1.83 percent

15. Which of these investors earn returns from receiving dividends and from stock price appreciation?

Stockholders

Investment bankers

Bondholders

Managers

16. Pfizer, Inc. (PFE) has earnings per share of $2.09 and a P/E ratio of 11.02. What is the stock price?

$18.97

$5.27

$0.19

$23.03

17. We can estimate a stock’s value by:

using the book value of the total stockholder equity section.

discounting the future dividends and future stock price appreciation.

compounding the past dividends and past stock price appreciation.

using the book value of the total assets divided by the number of shares outstanding.

18. Which of these statements is false?

The bond market is larger than the stock market.

Bonds are always less risky than stocks.

Some bonds offer high potential for rewards and, consequently, higher risk.

Bonds are more important capital sources than stocks for companies and governments.

19. Which of the following determines the dollar amount of interest paid to bondholders?

Market rate

Call premium

Original issue discount

Coupon rate

20. Determine the interest payment for the following three bonds: 5.5 percent coupon corporate bond (paid semi-annually), 6.45 percent coupon Treasury note, and a corporate zero coupon bond maturing in 10 years. (Assume a $1,000 par value.)

$55.00, $64.50, $0, respectively

$5.50, $6.45, $0, respectively

$27.50, $32.25, $100, respectively

$27.50, $32.25, $0, respectively


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Please describe and evaluate the Country/Political Risk faced by this organization and describe its successes and failures

Assignment Questions:

  1. Please describe and evaluate the Country/Political Risk faced by this organization and describe its successes and failures.
  2. What has been the lending strategy followed by Santander?  Are lending decisions based on the credit background of the borrower, or on the riskiness of the venture?  How do they manage risk?  How do they finance their loans? Why is there so little cross-border borrowing?
  3. How is the lending strategy different to US commercial banks?
  4. As a consultant to the CEO, what would you suggest Magda Salarich do now? Please obtain, identify and evaluate the data and conduct a multi-perspective analysis of the evidence to make a logical recommendation for solving the problem with a global perspective. 
  5. Defend your recommendation and communicate your beliefs clearly and accurately.

Case Study Resources:

·      Usually business writing incorporates APA format. Case length is not an important consideration in my grading strategy.

·       The questions posed are meant to guide you in developing an analytical framework that you must present in a case report. Usually you can incorporate your responses in sections C and D described below. I cannot prescribe a single outline or template, but I can identify “building blocks” that are essential to building a logical structure that will stand up to critical scrutiny, and serve as a useful guide to presenting the results of your in depth case analysis. Essential building blocks and structure are as follows:

Executive Summary

Section A. Introduction and Overview of the Situation

Section B. Assumptions and Methods

Section C. Business Impacts

Section D. Descriptions of Sensitivity, Risks, Successes, Failures, Contingencies and Strategies

Section E. Conclusions and Recommendations

·       This is a good resource but parts may not be relevant (this is not a group report)http://college.cengage.com/business/resources/casestudies/students/writing.htm

Case Study Resources Attached Below:

  • Appendix A: Suggested Questions (attached below is the Santander case you must read in order to answer these questions)
  • Appendix B: Shows how you are getting the tools of Global Learning for Global Citizenship by answering the above questions and their weighting in the project. 

SANTANDER

https://fiu.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/pid-4097604-dt-content-rid-39075206_1/courses/1161-FIN4604VF1161-16639/1161-FIN4604VF1161-16639_ImportedContent_20151006012349/Course%20Content/Case%20Resources/Santander%20Harvard%20case.pdf

GLOBAL ORIENTATION

https://fiu.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/pid-4097605-dt-content-rid-39075210_1/courses/1161-FIN4604VF1161-16639/1161-FIN4604VF1161-16639_ImportedContent_20151006012349/Course%20Content/Case%20Resources/Appendix%20A-C/FIN%204604%20Appendix%20B.pdf

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Selection of a source of short-term financing should include all of the following EXCEPT

Financial management questions 313s4

13. Spontaneous sources of funds refer to all of the below EXCEPT:

a. accounts payable

b. accruals

c. common stock

d. a bank loan

14. Selection of a source of short-term financing should include all of the following EXCEPT:

a. the effect of the use of credit from a particular source on the cost and availability of other

sources of credit

b. the floatation costs for debentures

c. the effective cost of credit

d. the availability of financing in the amount and for the time needed

15. The terminal warehouse agreement differs from the field warehouse agreement in that:

a. the cost of the terminal warehouse agreement is lower due to the lower degree of risk

b. the warehouse procedure differs for both agreements

c. the terminal agreement transports the collateral to a public warehouse

d. the borrower of the field warehouse agreement can sell the collateral without the consent

of the lender

16. Your company buys supplies on credit terms of 2/10 net 45. Suppose the company makes a

purchase of $20,000 today. Which of the following payment options makes the most sense as

a general rule?

a. pay the bill as soon as possible to keep the supplier happy

b. pay the bill on day 10 to get the discount

c. either pay the bill on day 10 to get the discount, or wait until day 45

d. pay the bill on day 45 due to the time value of money

17. Which of the following statements about financial leverage is true?

a. Financial leverage is the responsiveness of the firm’s EBIT to fluctuations in sales.

b. Financial leverage is the responsiveness of the firm’s EPS to fluctuations in EBIT.

c. Financial leverage involves the incurrence of fixed operating costs in the firm’s income

stream.

d. Financial leverage reduces a firm’s risk.

18. Which of the following statements about combined (operating & financial) leverage is true?

a. Usage of both operating and financial leverage reduces a firm’s risk.

b. If a firm employs both operating and financial leverage, any percent change in sales will

produce a larger percent change in earnings per share.

c. High operating leverage and high financial leverage offset one another, meaning that if

sales increase by 10%, then EPS will also increase by 10%.

d. A firm that is in a capital-intensive industry should use a higher level of financial leverage

than a firm that employs low levels of operating leverage.

19. The “bird-in-the-hand dividend theory” supports which view of the effect of dividend policy on

company value?

a. constant dividends increase stock values

b. high dividends increase stock values

c. a firm’s dividend policy is irrelevant

d. low dividends increase stock values

20. All of the following will increase the discretionary financing needed EXCEPT:

a. decrease the dividend payout ratio

b. decrease the spontaneous financing

c. decrease the sales growth rate

d. decrease the net profit margin

21. If a firm relies on short-term debt or current liabilities in financing its asset investments, and

all other things remain the same, what can be said about the firm’s liquidity?

a. The liquidity of the firm will be unchanged.

b. The firm will be relatively more liquid.

c. The firm will be relatively less liquid.

d. The firm will be more liquid only if interest rates are below the company’s weighted

average cost of capital.

22. Dakota Oil, Inc. reported that its sales and EBIT increased by 10%, but its EPS increased by

30%. The much larger change in earnings per share could be the result of:

a. high operating leverage

b. high financial leverage

c. high fixed costs of production

d. a high percentage of credit sale collections from prior years

23. Which of the following statements would be consistent with the bird-in-the-hand dividend

theory?

a. Dividends are less certain than capital gains.

b. Investors are indifferent whether stock returns come from dividend income or capital gains

income.

c. Wealthy investors prefer corporations to defer dividend payments because capital gains

produce greater after-tax income.

d. Dividends are more certain than capital gains income.

24. The term “lumpy asset” means:

a. assets that have economies of scale but not economies of scope

b. assets that must be purchased in discrete quantities

c. the same thing as assets that exhibit scale economies

d. assets that can be purchased in incremental units

25. All of the following are potential advantages of commercial paper EXCEPT:

a. ability to borrow very large amounts

b. flexible repayment terms

c. no compensating balance requirements

d. lower interest rates than comparable sources of short-term financing


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the traditional method refers to maximizing the contribution margin per unit for each product,

machines is available for 40 hours a week and there is no setup time required when shifting from the production of one product to any other. The processing requirements to make one unit of each product are shown in the table. Weekly product demand for the next planning period has been forecasted as follows: 80
E-1000s; 65 S-2000s; 35 P-2000s; and 20 N-1000s.

 Processing Time (Minutes Per Printer)
Model Machine
1 Machine 2 Machine 3 Machine 4
E-1000 (E) 10 15 15 5
S-2000 (S) 10 10 10 10
P-2000 (P) 5 10 15 10
N-1000 (N) 5 5 5 10

In the questions  that follow, the traditional method refers to maximizing  the contribution margin per unit for each product, and the bottleneck method refers to maximizing  the contribution  margin per minute at the bottleneck  for each product.

Use  the  information  in  Table  7.6.  Using  the  traditional  method,  in  what sequence should products be scheduled for production?

a. N, S, E, P b. N, E, P, S c. P, E, N, S d. E, S, P, N

 
Question 3
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
In Statistical Process Control,                               are used to detect defects and determine if the process has deviated from design specifications.

a.    Flowcharts

b.    Cause-and-Effect Diagrams c.    Process Capability Charts
d.    Control Charts

 
Question 4
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
The   process   that   facilitates   the  placement   of  orders   and  identifies,   attracts,   and  builds relationships with external customers is called the:

a. customer relationship process.

b. new service development process. c. order fulfillment process.
d. supplier relationship process.

 
Question 5
 

Scenario 1.1
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

A job consists of three elements. Twenty observations for each element were timed, and the resulting data are shown in the following table. A performance rating has also been assigned for each element, as shown in the table. The job has an allowance of 20% of normal time.

Element 
Performance
Rating (%) 
Average Element
Time (in minutes)

# 1 
80 
3.6

# 2 
100 
2.5

# 3 
110 
3.1

Use the information in Scenario 1.1. What is the normal time for the entire job?

a.           Greater than or equal to 10.0 minutes

b.           Less than 10.0 minutes but greater than or equal to 8.5 minutes c.           Less than 8.5 minutes but greater than or equal to 7.0 minutes d.           Less than 7.0 minutes

 
Question 6
 
0 out of 2.5 points

Table 1.3

Act. I.P N. Time C. Time N. COST ($000s) C. COST ($000s) Av. Crash wks C. Cost
/wk
A – 4 2 8 14  
B A 3 2 9 11  
C A 4 4 10 10  
D B,C 5 3 10 15  
E C 4 1 11 14  
F D,E 1 1 6 6  

* Act.: Activity

I.P. : Immediate Predecessor

N. Time : Normal Time

C. Time: Crash Time

N. Cost: Normal Cost ($000s) C. Cost: Crash Cost ($000s)
Av. Crash wks: Available Weeks of Crashing

C. Cost/wk: Crashing cost per week

Which activity should be crashed first for the project shown in Table 1.3?

a.  A b. B c.  C d. D

 
Question 7
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
You  are  interested  in  buying  a  laptop  computer.  Your  list  of  considerations  include  the computer’s  speed  in  processing  data,  its  weight,  screen  size,  and  price.  You  consider  a number of different models, and narrow your list based on speed and monitor screen size, then finally select a model to buy based on its weight and price. In this decision, weight and price are examples of:

a. order qualifiers.

b. the voice of the supplier. c. order winners.
d. the voice of the customer.

 
Question 8
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
Input measures to planning long-term capacity include such metrics as:
a. the number of customers served per hour.
b. the number of trucks produced per day. c. the number of machine hours available. d. the number of bills processed in a week.

 
Question 9
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
Regardless of how departments like Accounting, Engineering, Finance, and Marketing function in an organization, they are all linked together through:

a. management. b. processes.
c. customers.

d. stakeholders.

 
Question 10
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
When considering the plan-do-study-act  cycle for problem solving, data are collected to measure process improvements in the                     step.

a.    plan b.    do

c.    study d.    act

Question 11                                                                                                          2.5 out of 2.5 points
The upper and lower specifications  for a service are 10 min. and 8 min., respectively.  The
process average is 9 min. and the process capability  ratio is 1.33. What is the process standard deviation?

a.    0.1                   b.    0.15 c.    0.20

d.   0.25

Question 12                                                                                                          2.5 out of 2.5 points
Activity slack is defined as:
a. latest start time minus earliest start time. b. earliest start time minus latest start time.
          c. earliest finish time minus latest finish time.

d. latest finish time minus earliest start time.

Question 13                                                                                                          2.5 out of 2.5 points
A company  desires to set up a line to produce  60 units per hour. The work elements and their precedence relationships are shown in Table 7.12.

Use the information  in Table 7.12. What is the highest efficiency line balance possible?

a. Less than 93%
b. More than 93% but less than or equal to 95% c. More than 95% but less than or equal to 97% d. More than 97%
Table 7.12
 Work Time Immediate 
 
 
Page 6 of 17

Element  (sec)  Predecessor(s)

 
Question 16
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
The   second   step   in   Theory   of   Constraints    application,    “exploit    the bottleneck(s),” means that:

a. the analyst should create a schedule that maximizes the throughput of the bottlenecks.

b. the  analyst  should  repeat  the  analysis  process  to  look  for  other bottlenecks.

c. the analyst should consider increasing capacity of the bottleneck.
d. the analyst should schedule non-bottleneck  resources to support the bottleneck.

 
Question 17
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
In an assembly  operation  at a furniture  factory,  six employees  assembled  an average  of 450 custom cabinet drawers per 5-day week. What is the labor productivity of this operation?

a.    90 chairs per worker per day b.   20 chairs per worker per day c.    15 chairs per worker per day d.   75 chairs per worker per day
 
Question 18

Front offices typically emphasize:

a. low cost operations and on-time delivery. b. top quality and customization.
c. on-time delivery and standardization. d. top quality and low cost operations

Question 19

Manufacturing processes usually have:

a. physical, durable output.

b. high levels of customer contact.

c. output that cannot be inventoried.
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

2.5 out of 2.5 points

d. low levels of capital intensity.

 
Question 20

Regarding control charts, a type I error refers to concluding that the process is:

a.    in control when it is not in control. b.    incapable when it is capable.
c.    out of control when it is in control. d.    capable when it is not capable.

Question 21

Table 7.6
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

0 out of 2.5 points

Burdell  Industries  makes  four  different  models  of computer  printers:  the  E-
1000, the S-2000, the P-2000 and the N-1000. The E-1000 sells for $200 and
has $40 in parts and $40 in labor; the S-2000 sells for $150 and requires $30
in parts and $30 in labor; the P-2000 sells for $100 and has $20 in parts and
$20 in labor; and the N-1000 sells for $75 but requires only $10 of parts and
$10 of labor. Fixed overhead is estimated at $5,000 per week. The manufacture
of each printer requires four machines,  Machines #1, 2, 3 and 4. Each of the
machines is available for 40 hours a week and there is no setup time required
when shifting from the production of one product to any other. The processing
requirements to make one unit of each product are shown in the table. Weekly
product demand for the next planning period has been forecasted as follows: 80
E-1000s; 65 S-2000s; 35 P-2000s; and 20 N-1000s.

 Processing Time (Minutes Per Printer)
Model Machine
1 Machine 2 Machine 3 Machine 4
E-1000 (E) 10 15 15 5
S-2000 (S) 10 10 10 10
P-2000 (P) 5 10 15 10
N-1000 (N) 5 5 5 10

In the questions  that follow, the traditional method refers to maximizing  the contribution margin per unit for each product, and the bottleneck method refers

to maximizing  the contribution  margin per minute at the bottleneck  for each product.

Use  the  information  in  Table  7.6.  Using  the  bottleneck  method,  in  what sequence should products be scheduled for production?

a. N, S, E, P b. N, E, P, S c. P, E, N, S d. E, S, P, N

 
Question 22
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
A manufacturer that produces standard products in large volumes is likely to be using a(n):

a. make-to-stock strategy. b. make-to-order strategy.
c. assemble-to-order strategy. d. engineer-to-order strategy.

 
Question 23

Which one of the following statements about flexible automation is best?

a.    Investment cost is lower when a transfer machine handles many operations.
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

b.    Chemical processing plants and oil refineries mainly utilize programmable automation. c.    It is an automatic process that can be reprogrammed to handle various products.
d.    It achieves top efficiency; accommodating new products is difficult and costly.

 
Question 24

Which statement regarding learning rates is best?

a.A more complicated process offers more room for improvement.

b.A simpler process has a more pronounced learning rate.

c. Typically, the effect of each capital addition on the learning curve is significant.
 
0 out of 2.5 points

d.Regardless of output volume, the estimate for the time required to produce the first unit is less important than the estimate of the

learning rate.

 
Question 25

You are given the following information about an activity A:

i)    Normal time          = 9 weeks ii)    Crash time             = 7 weeks iii)  Normal cost           = $20,000 iv)  Crash cost              = $30,000
What will it cost to complete activity A in 8 weeks?

a. Less than or equal to $24,000

b. Greater than $24,000 but less than or equal to $27,000 c. Greater than $27,000 but less than or equal to $30,000 d. Greater than $30,000

Question 26
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

2.5 out of 2.5 points
Which one of the following statements concerning capacity cushions is best?

a. Large capacity cushions are used more often when future demand is level and known.

b. Small capacity cushions are used extensively in capital intensive firms.

c. Capacity cushions are used primarily in manufacturing  organizations,  not in service organizations.

d. Small cushions are used in organizations where the products and services produced often change.

 
Question 27
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
Historically, the average diameter of the holes drilled has been 0.25 cm and the average range has been 0.1 cm. Determine the central line and upper and lower control limits for an x

and an R-chart, assuming samples of size 8 will be taken. Use Table 5.1. what is the value of  UCL for x bar chart?

a.    Less than or equal to 0.100

b.   Greater than 0.100 but less than or equal to 0.200

c.    Greater than 0.200 but less than or equal to 0.300 d.   Greater than 0.300

Question 28                                                                                                          2.5 out of 2.5 points
Historically, the average proportion of defective bars has been 0.015. Samples will be of 100 bars each. Construct a p-chart using . Suppose a sample had 0.07 defectives. What would you do?

a.    Nothing; it is just random variation.                   b.    Look for assignable causes.
c.    Change z to 2 and take another sample. d.    Change z to 4 and continue sampling.

Question 29                                                                                                          2.5 out of 2.5 points
A welder can weld 2 angle irons together in 2 minutes. Over the course of an entire year she will
assemble  1,000 units, each of which  requires  3 such welds  (i.e., welding  two angle irons together is one step, and three such steps are needed per unit). If she is paid $25 an hour, how much is her annual welding labor cost?
a.             $1,000                b.           $1,250

c.             $2,500 d.           $3,000

Question 30                                                                                                          2.5 out of 2.5 points
Table 6.3
The North Bend Manufacturing Company is producing two types of products, A and B. Demand forecasts for next year and other production-related information are provided in the following table:
 
Product A 
Product B 
 Demand forecast (units/year) 4,000 12,000 
 Batch size (units/batch) 80 150 
    
 

 
Page 12 of 17
 
Standard processing time
(hr/unit)
Standard setup time
(hr/batch)
 
2.5                   2

18                 24

Both products A and B are produced at the same operation called MASAC27A.
Use the information  in Table 6.3 to help answer this question.  Currently,  the company has 12 MASAC27A machines, and financial constraints prevent any expansion  for the next  year.  Which  one  of the following  alternatives  will allow next year’s demand to be fully covered?

a. Do nothing.
b. Increase the capacity cushion to 30 percent.
c. Increase the batch size of product B to 300 units. d. Decrease the capacity cushion by 1 percent.

 
Question 31
 
0 out of 2.5 points
A  company  is  interested  in  monitoring  the  number  of  scratches  on  Plexiglass  panels.  The appropriate control chart to use would be:

a.         an x chart. b.         a p-chart. c.         a c-chart.
d.         an R-chart.

 
Question 32

Precedence Table to accompany Table 1:

Activity                      Immediate Predecessor
A                                            – B                                            A C                                            A D                                            B
E                                          B, C
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

Page 13 of 17

   
 F C 
 G D, E, F 

Table 1.1

ACTIVITY      ACTIVITY      EARLIEST      EARLIEST      LATEST      LATEST      SLACK TIME              START            FINISH          START        FINISH

A                      2                       0                                              0                   2                  0

B                       1                       2                       3                     3                   4                  1

C                       3                       2                       5                     2                   5                  0

D                      7                       3                      10                    4                  11

E                       3                       5                       8                                         11                 3

F                                                5                      11                    5                  11                 0

G                      4                      11                     15                   11                 15                 0

Using the information in Table 1 and Table 1.1, which one of the following is the critical path?
a. a. ABDG b. b. ABEG c. c. ACEG d. d. ACFG

Question 33                                                                                                          2.5 out of 2.5 points
A  company  is  interested  in  monitoring  the  variability  in  the  weight  of  the  fertilizer  bags  it produces. An appropriate control chart would be:
a.   an  x chart.                    b.   a p-chart.

c.   a c-chart.

d.   an R-chart.

 
 
Page 14 of 17

 
Question 34

The earliest start time for an activity is equal to the:

a. smallest earliest finish time of all of its immediate predecessors. b. largest earliest finish time of all of its immediate predecessors.
c. smallest late start time of any of its immediate predecessors. d. largest late finish time of all of its immediate predecessors.

Question 35
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

2.5 out of 2.5 points
The three sigma limits for a process  whose  distribution  conforms  to the normal  distribution include:

a.    about 50% of the observed values, in the long run. b.    about 68% of the observed values, in the long run. c.    about 95% of the observed values in the long run. d.    about 99% of the observed values in the long run.

 
Question 36
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
A manufacturing plant is capable of producing 10 tons of product per day when run three shifts with no breakdowns and plenty of raw materials. Over the past week, the plant has produced an average of 7.3 tons per day since the third shift has devoted much of their time to preventive maintenance. What is the capacity of the plant?
a. 10 tons/day
b. 7.3 tons/day c. 73%
d. 137%

 
Question 37

A wait-and-see capacity strategy does all of the following EXCEPT:
a. lag behind demand.
b. minimize the chance of lost sales due to insufficient capacity.
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points

c. meet capacity shortfalls with overtime, temporary workers, subcontracting, and stockouts.

d. reduce  the  risk  of  overexpansion  based  on  overly  optimistic  demand forecasts.

 
Question 38
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
A Kanban  system  is an  important  mechanism  for  lean  system  management.
Which  one  of  the  following  statements  regarding  the  operation  of  a
Kanban system is TRUE?
a. A typical Kanban used in the JIT system includes information such as item number, unit price, competitor’s product name, and its price.

b. A Kanban can be used to set the order quantity but not the inventory level.

c. A Kanban and a container move as a pair once production begins at the fabrication process.

d.  An  empty  container  can  be  exchanged  for  a  full  container  at  the storage location even though no Kanban is on the full container.

 
Question 39
 
2.5 out of 2.5 points
The focus for a process improvement exercise should be on balancing:
a. flow.
b. capacity. c. workload. d. time.

Question 40

Table 1.2:    
2.5 out of 2.5 points

Activity 
Immediate Predecessor (s) 
Most Optimistic Time (Wks) Most Likely Time (Wks) 
Most Pessimistic Time (Wks)
A — 1 2 3
B A 2 4 12
 

 
      
 C A 1 2 3 
 D B 6 7 8 
 E B,C 10 12 14 
 F D 2 3 4 
 G E,F 1 5 15 
 H A 2 5 14 

Using Table 1.2, if the expected times for activities A, G, and H increased by 2, 3, and 4 weeks, respectively, by how many weeks would the project’s earliest expected time of completion increase?

a.  Fewer than or equal to 2 weeks

b. Greater than 2 weeks but fewer than or equal to 4 weeks c.  Greater than 4 weeks but fewer than or equal to 6 weeks d. Greater than 6 weeks


the traditional method refers to maximizing the contribution margin per unit for each product, was first posted on July 9, 2019 at 10:09 am.
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