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22 Sociology Theory Questions

Reading: Alexander, Jeffrey (1987). “What is Theory?” from Twenty Lectures, Sociological Theory Since World War II, pp. 1-21.

1) From Alexander’s point of view, what is the relationship between facts and theory?

2) How are theories produced?

3) According to Alexander, what is the “problem of action” and what is the “problem or order”?

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1895/1982). “What is a Social Fact?” from The Rules of Sociological Method, pp. 50-59.

4) What is Durkheim’s definition of a social fact?

5) What is a social current?

6) How is a social fact different and/or similar to social currents?

7) According to Durkheim, what is the domain of Sociology?

8) Durkheim affirms that “[collective phenomenon] is in each part because it is in the whole, but far from being in the whole because it is in the parts.” Explain how this statement relates to Durkheim definition of a social fact.

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1893/1984). “Mechanical Solidarity, or Solidarity by Similarities” from The Division of Labor in Society, pp. 31-67.

9) According to Durkheim, what is the definition of “collective consciousness”?

10) Why collective consciousness can be understood as a social fact?

11) From Durkheim’s perspective, what kind of solidarity the penal law symbolizes? What is the “function” of this type of solidarity?

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1893; 1984). Excerpt from “Solidarity Arising from the Division of Labor, or Organic Solidarity” from The Division of Labor in Society, pp. 68-72, 77-87.

12) What is mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity? Make sure to address which type of law and sanctions are associated with each form of solidarity. Also describe the type of consciousness that is more prominent in each case. How does the division of labor (or lack thereof) fit into each type of solidarity?

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1893; 1984). Excerpt from “The Increasing Preponderance of Organic Solidarity and its Consequences” from The Division of Labor in Society, pp. 105-123.

13) What is the evidence that Durkheim presents to demonstrate that mechanical solidarity is diminishing in the modern world? Support your answer using Durkheim’s examples.

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1893; 1984). Excerpt from “The Increasing Preponderance of Organic Solidarity and its Consequences(cont.)” from The Division of Labor in Society, pp. 126-133, 139-141.

14) What are the types of societies that correspond to the form of mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity? Describe the characteristics of these social types.

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1897/1951). “Egoistic Suicide” from Suicide: A Study in Sociology, pp. 152- 170.

15) According to Durkheim, what is the relationship between suicide, religion and knowledge? 16)Why does he suggest that “suicide increases with knowledge” and that “religion has a prophylactic effect upon suicide”?

17)Summarize Durkheim’s interpretation of different religions (e.g., Protestantism, Catholicism, Judaism, etc. all religions he mentioned and explained)

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1897/1951). Excerpt from “Egoistic Suicide (Continued),” from Suicide, pp. 208-215.

18) From Durkheim’s perspective, what is the definition of egoistic suicide?

19) How is egoistic suicide related to integration (or lack thereof) to society?

Reading: Durkheim, Emile (1897/1951). Excerpt from “Anomic Suicide”, from Suicide, pp. 241-258.

20) What is Durkheim’s general definition of anomy?

21)What is the definition of anomic suicide?

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What has been written on the public health issue?

Group Coalition Proposal

Topic: Nutrition, Food, and Obesity

  1. Coalition Name and who is      affected by the public health problem
    1. Name of the group coalition is       clearly and concisely stated. Identification of the population(s)       affected by the problem is clear and explicit. Prevalence of the general       population affected and the low-income or vulnerable populations in       comparison to two other population groups is thoroughly and clearly       discussed. Statistics are concisely included.

2. What has been written on the public health issue?

a. Thorough description of what has been written on the public health issue. At least three clear and thorough descriptions are included (such as studies in peer-reviewed journals, media coverage: editorials; opinion pieces; investigative journalism, blogs, etc…)

3. Economic impact of the public health problem/issue

a. The economic impact of the public health problem is clearly and thoroughly described and discussed. Healthcare costs and/or productivity loss are clearly and thoroughly reviewed and discussed. Employee absenteeism/presenteeism is identified and explicitly described. Clear statistics are included.

4. Work on the issue by governmental/non-governmental agencies

a. Three or more governmental/non-governmental agencies, and clear and thorough description of the work focused on the issue is identified, discussed and included

5. Policy solution for the selected public health problem/issue

a. A specific policy solution that can be addressed by a policymaker/elected official is explicitly and thoroughly discussed and identified. Correct identification of a bill number, ordinance, etc.. is discussed. The selected policy solution is clearly connected to the selected public health problem/issue.

6. Description of What a Coalition Is

a. Definition of a coalition is clearly and explicitly stated. Two common goals of a coalition are completely and clearly discussed. Description of why starting a coalition is thoroughly discussed and described. Three specific reasons for forming a coalition are clearly included and thoroughly described. A clear and complete discussion of when should you develop a coalition is included. Two circumstances that can lead to initiating a coalition and the three most essential types of members that form a coalition are thoroughly discussed. A clear description from the text stating the “one key of forming an effective coalition” is included. A clear and thorough description of an asset map from the text is stated.

7.     Coalition member description

a.      Number of stakeholders/organizations represented in the coalition coincides with the number of students in the group. Stakeholders/organization members are explicitly connected to the purpose of the coalition (e.g. they all belong to the same cause).

8.     Coalition stakeholder/organization, agency mission, goals, contribution

Ta.      Coalition stakeholder/organization/agency mission and goals are clearly and thoroughly discussed for all members. Identification and description of what the coalition member can contribute to the coalition effort and why is clearly and thoroughly described. All group coalition members are accounted for in this description.T

 

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Describe technology, equipment, and design elements you would use to support the sustainability of your facility in the future.

Facility Planning-Floor Plan: Part 3

Part 2: Summary (complete worksheet) with at least 150 to 300 words per question:

1. Describe technology, equipment, and design elements you would use to support the sustainability of your facility in the future.

2. Imagine this facility was a renovation of an existing structure and describe what you would have done differently while planning your facility.

3. Describe successes and challenges during your facility design.

· Describe successes experienced while designing your facility.

· Describe challenges experienced while designing your facility.

· Describe what you would do differently to address your challenges.

References (list at least 2)

 

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ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY INSTRUCTIONS

 Discussion Board

After reading the assigned Bible passages, synthesize these passages into a response to the following question: What is the responsibility of Christians with regards to economic development, leadership within the community, and the mandates of the Gospel?

James 1:26-27,,,Proverbs 29:7,,,,Malachi 3:6-12,,,,,Matthew 6,,,Luke 6:35-36

Acts 5:1-11,,,,,,Acts 20:35,,,,,,Romans 12:13,,,,,,2Corinthians 8:2-5,,,,,,1 Timothy 6:18,,,,,,,,,1 John 3:17-18

Annotated Bibliography

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY INSTRUCTIONS 

Once the student completes Discussion Board forum #2- S.W.O.T Analysis based upon previously captured Public Administrator Generated Information (PAGI), the student will then begin smart action research. Smart research is research that is devoted to finding solutions to problems.   The scholarly resources and other pertinent data will be annotated. 

The student will take a clinical approach to economic development by first diagnosing the development problems; and, then by finding what can be done to minimize the scope and severity of the problem(s) identified.  Ultimately, this information assembled in the Annotated Bibliography will be reviewed in preparation of a report suitable for public sector decision makers and other stakeholders. 

The student will be expected to submit an Annotated Bibliography presenting sources that provide the academic and research support for the Economic Development Analysis with Action Plan – Case Study Project Part II. Students must annotate a minimum of 25 sources. Sources can include the various journal articles as well as scholarly and professional sources. .  

Keeping in mind that the goal of the Annotated Bibliography assignment will be to document literature pertaining to best practices for addressing various areas of concern for economic development, most specifically focusing on the items uncovered during the S.W.O.T. analysis assignment, the Annotated Bibliography serves as a recordkeeping system for the “fact-finding,” “smart research”  the student conducts.  The process of developing the Annotated Bibliography will replicate the type of strategic research activity required of consultants.  The result of this assignment will be the identification of documented approaches that worked in comparable locations, strategies that might rightly be applied to the chosen jurisdiction.  The most feasible of those prospects documented in the Annotated Bibliography should inform the Action Plan for Case Study Project Part 2. 


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P O M Article Review

locate an article that addresses one of the following best practices tied to management: planning, organization, staffing, or directing. The ABI/INFORM Collection database features a number of excellent articles covering these concepts. In order to find these resources, you must first log into the myCSU Student Portal and access the ABI/INFORM Collection database within the CSU OnlineLibrary.

After reading the article and briefly summarizing the purpose for the article, answer the following questions:

What is the main point?

Who is the intended audience?

Do the arguments within the article support the main point?

What evidence supports the main point?

What is your opinion of the article? Do you agree with the findings?

Your article review submission must be at least one page in length. The article review should be formatted in accordance with APA style.

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How would George interpret his suffering in light of the Christian narrative, with an emphasis on the hope of resurrection

The practice of health care providers at all levels brings you into contact with people from a variety of faiths. This calls for knowledge and understanding of a diversity of faith expressions; for the purpose of this course, the focus will be on the Christian worldview.

Based on “Case Study: End of Life Decisions,” the Christian worldview, and the worldview questions presented in the required topic study materials you will complete an ethical analysis of George’s situation and his decision from the perspective of the Christian worldview.

Provide a 1,500-2,000-word ethical analysis while answering the following questions:

  1. How would George interpret his suffering in light of the Christian narrative, with an emphasis on the fallenness of the world?
  2. How would  George interpret his suffering in light of the Christian narrative, with an emphasis on the hope of resurrection?
  3. As George contemplates life with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), how would the Christian worldview inform his view about the value of his life as a person?
  4. What sorts of values and considerations would the Christian worldview focus on in deliberating about whether or not George should opt for euthanasia?
  5. Given the above, what options would be morally justified in the Christian worldview for George and why?
  6. Based on your worldview, what decision would you make if you were in George’s situation?

Remember to support your responses with the topic study materials.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required.

This assignment uses a rubric.You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. 

1. Bioethics: A Primer for Christians

Read Chapters 6 and 12 in Bioethics: A Primer for Christians.

http://gcumedia.com/digital-resources/wm-b-eerdmans-publishing-co/2013/bioethics_a-primer-for-christians_ebook_3e.php
2. Called to Care: A Christian Worldview for Nursing

Read Chapters 10-12 in Called to Care: A Christian Worldview for Nursing.

http://gcumedia.com/digital-resources/intervarsity-press/2006/called-to-care_a-christian-worldview-for-nursing_ebook_2e.php

3. Defining Death: Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues in the Determination of Death

Read the Introduction and Chapters 1-3 of “Defining Death: Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues in the Determination of Death” by the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1984).

https://repository.library.georgetown.edu/bitstream/handle/10822/559345/defining_death.pdf?sequence=1

Rubric

  1. Analysis of how the man would interpret his suffering in light of the Christian narrative and the fallenness of the world is clear and demonstrates a deep understanding that is skillfully supported by topic study materials. 12%
  2. Analysis of how the man would interpret his suffering in light of the Christian narrative and the hope of resurrection is clear and demonstrates a deep understanding that is skillfully supported by topic study materials. 12%
  3. Analysis of how the Christian worldview of the man might inform his view about the value of his life as a person with ALS is clear and demonstrates a deep understanding that is skillfully supported by topic study materials.12%
  4. Evaluation of which values and considerations the Christian worldview focuses on when deliberating the option of euthanasia for the man is clear and demonstrates a deep understanding that is skillfully supported by topic study materials. 12%
  5. Evaluation of which options would be justified in the Christian worldview for the man is clear and demonstrates a deep understanding that is skillfully supported by topic study materials. 12%
  6. Reflection hypothesis of which personal choices would be make if faced with ALS based on personal worldview is clear, relevant, and insightful. 10%
  7. Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear. 7%
  8. Clear and convincing argument presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative. 8%
  9. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. 5%
  10. All format elements are correct.5%
  11. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error. 5%

 

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(Round your intermediate calculations to 3 decimal places and final answers to 2 decimal places

3.value:
6.00 points  

Problem 15-3

A manager must make a decision on shipping. There are two shippers, A and B. Both offer a two-day rate: A for $536 and B for $525. In addition, A offers a three-day rate of $464 and a nine-day rate of $416, and B offers a four-day rate of $459 and a seven-day rate of $436. Annual holding costs are 37 percent of unit price. Three hundred and ninety boxes are to be shipped, and each box has a price of $154. Which shipping alternative would you recommend? (Round your intermediate calculations to 3 decimal places and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
A   B
Option       Cost   Option        Cost
  2 days $ [removed]     2 days $ [removed]  
  3 days $ [removed]     4 days $ [removed]  
  9 days $ [removed]     7 days $ [removed]  
[removed]Ship three-day using A[removed]Ship two-day using B[removed]Ship four-day using B[removed]Ship seven-day using B[removed]Ship two-day using A

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Week 4 Discussion 1 UDL & Differentiation

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) can be defined as “a set of principles for curriculum development that gives all individuals equal opportunities to learn” (CAST, n.d.).

Differentiation can be defined as meeting students at their current level of readiness and then planning instruction around individual needs. When combining these two theories, classroom instruction becomes engaging, dynamic, and inclusive.

Using one of the following free online presentation tools listed below, create an interactive presentation that: Please use power point presentation for this work.

a) Compares and contrasts the two concepts

b) Explains how you envision blending the concepts in your current or future classroom.

In your presentation be sure to include:

How you will present new information

How students will demonstrate their prior background knowledge

Your strategies to engage and motivate students

At least two scholarly resources from Ashford’s Online Library or Google scholar relating to the theoretical foundation of UDL and/or differentiation.

All in-text citations included must be cited in APA format at the conclusion of your post.

I will learn how to perform the task listed below by using the online presentations tools below. I am not sure if you can perform this task for me.

Post your link along with a brief introduction in your initial post.

Free Online Presentation Tools

Pearltrees (Links to an external site.)

Prezi (Links to an external site.)

VoiceThread (Links to an external site.)

Guided Response: Review at least two of your peers’ presentations and address the following questions:

Do you think that each concept has been fully explained? Why or why not? Using the information provide, do you feel children will be engaged and motivated in this classroom?

What additional suggestions that are supported by your textbook or research-based articles to improve each concept’s explanation and to keep students engaged in learning?

Online Tutorials:

Creating a VoiceThread (Links to an external site.)

How to create a Voki (Links to an external site.)

Get started with Prezi. (Links to an external site.)

Getting started with Pearltrees

Instructor Guidance

Week 4

Introduction

This week you will:

Analyze how Universal Design of Learning is used in the differentiated classroom.

Explain how critical thinking is an integral part of differentiated instruction.

Construct differentiated learning activities that integrate technology into content-based instruction.

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The firm paid out $1,500,000 in dividends last year out of $5,000,000 of net income available to common stockholders. The book value of total owner’s equity is $25,000,000.

___You plan on sending your three children to college and your first child will begin school in exactly 10 years at which point you have to pay $45,000. Tuition will then grow at the rate of 3%. If your second child will start exactly two years after the first, and the third starts two years after the second how much will you have to put into your account monthly if your account pays 12% compounded annually? Assume that your first deposit is made today and your last deposit is made one month before you must pay your first tuition payment.

Now we want to have 408,336.18 in your account by the end of year 10. Recall that we are making monthly payments so we need to get a monthly EPR. The APR of a rate compounded annually is the same as the EAR.

___You are saving for the college education of your two children. One child will enter college in 5 years, while the other child will enter college in 7 years. College costs are currently $10,000 per year and are expected to grow at a rate of 5 percent per year. All college costs are paid at the beginning of the year. You assume that each child will be in college for four years. You currently have $50,000 in your educational fund. Your plan is to contribute a fixed amount to the fund over each of the next 5 years. Your first contribution will come at the end of this year, and your final contribution will come at the date at which you make the first tuition payment for your oldest child. You expect to invest your contributions into various investments which are expected to earn 8 percent per year. How much should you contribute each year in order to meet the expected cost of your children’s education?

Find PV of college costs in Year 5:

Find FV of educational fund in 5 years:  

Now, find net amount needed in Year 5:    

Finally, find PMT needed to accumulate $21,775.10 in Year 5:

___A firm is considering investing in a project. The cost the project is $100,000. The project will pay out $20,000 in year 1; $70,000 in year 2; $40,000 in year 3; $50,000 in year 4; and $30,000 in year 5. The project is scale enhancing.

–The firm issues only zero coupon bonds. It has 5 year zero coupon bonds outstanding, and these are the only type of bonds that it will issue in the future. Floatation costs on the bonds are 9%. The firm’s tax rate is 34%.  

–The firm paid out $1,500,000 in dividends last year out of $5,000,000 of net income available to common stockholders. The book value of total owner’s equity is $25,000,000. Floatation costs on the firms common stock is 12%. The firm will have enough from retained earnings that it need not issue new shares.

  Shares outstanding Market Value Book Value Price Weight
Bonds 10,000 6,410,500 5,000,000 641.05 18.91%
Preferred Stock($100 par) 100,000 12,500,000 10,000,000 125 36.86%
Common Stock 250,000 15,000,000 15,000,000 60 44.23%
    33,910,500     1

2)  NP= 

3)   D=M×DR=100×0.1=10          NP= (1-F) =125(1-0.07) =116.25       ===8.6%

4)   =Total Dividends at T=0/Shares Outstanding = 1,500,000/250,000 = 6

ROE= ==     →    r===0.7     →      g=ROE × r=  × 0.7= 0.233

5) WACC=

6) PV=

7) NPV=

8) so Accept

9) New MVE=

10) New Price=

___The project is pays an indefinite stream of cash flows of $1,000,000 per year. The cost of the project is $15,000,000.  D=3  E=5  FC%=0.14  SO=200,000  Common Equity=Book value

–The firm’s common stock is currently selling for $56, last year the firm paid a dividend of $3 per share. The book value of shareholder’s equity is $5,000,000. The firm’s earning per share was $5. The firm’s floatation cost for common equity is 14%. The firm has 200,000 shares of common shares outstanding. The firm will not have to issue new common equity.

–The firm pays out 12% dividends on its preferred stock. Floatation costs are $3 per share. The price of the firm’s preferred stock is $30 per share.     DR=0.12   FC=3

–The firm’s 10 year zero coupon bonds are currently selling for $678 and the firm has a 35% marginal tax rate and a 25% average tax rate. T=0.35

  Book Value Market Value Price Weight
Bonds 3,000,000 3,500,000 678 21.88%
Preffered Stock($25 par) 2,500,000 2,500,000 30 15.62%
Common Stock 2,500,000 10,000,000 56 62.5%
    16,000,000   1

2) NP=

3) D=

4) ROE=

5) WACC=

6) PV=

7) NPV=  

8) so Reject

9) New MVE=

10) New Price=

___There are three securities that you can either buy or sell. Security A pays out $250 every month indefinitely with the first payment made two months from today. Security B pays out $250 every month indefinitely with the first payment starting 62 periods from today. Security C pays out 250 starting two months from now with the last payment made in month 61. If security A and B are fairly priced and security C sells for $3500, what should you do and why? Assume that you can earn 12% compounded annually on similar investments.

–First, we must get the effective periodic rate (EPR). Recall an APR that is annually compounded is exactly equal to its EAR.

EPR =  =  = 0.00949                           If security is fairly priced then Market Value = Present Value

A: First cash flow is at time 2, therefore we can either use the Regular Perpetuity Present Value formula (will give price at time 1) or the Perpetuity Due Present Value formula (will give price at time 2). In this case we will use the regular perpetuity formula.

(A)= =  = 26,346.87

However we need the present value at time 0 not at time 1. So we utilize the following:

(A)= ==26,099.22 =

B: First cash flow is received at time 62, so we will price as of time 61.

(B)= =  = 26,346.87

However we need the present value at time 0 not at time 61. So we utilize the following

(B)= ==14,809.40 =

C: (C) =PMT× = 250× = 11,396.95

(C)= ==11,289.82 >        so C is underpriced      Buy C    Sell A   Buy B

___A 4 year bond has a coupon rate of 12% and its yield to maturity is 13%. What is the price of the bond? What is the Macaulay duration of the bond? What is the modified duration of the bond? If the yield-to maturity changes to 15% what is the estimated new price of the bond? Is this a good estimate?

Period Coupon Payment Discount Factor Present Value Weight Weight*Period
1 60 60 0.93897 56.33803 0.05811 0.05811
2 60 60 0.88166 52.89956 0.05456 0.10912
3 60 60 0.82785 49.67095 0.05123 0.15369
4 60 60 0.77732 46.63939 0.04810 0.19242
5 60 60 0.72988 43.79285 0.04517 0.22584
6 60 60 0.68533 41.12005 0.04241 0.25447
7 60 60 0.64351 38.61037 0.03982 0.27876
8 60 1060 0.60423 640.48506 0.66060 5.28477
        969.56 1 6.56

___Below is the distribution of returns for two stocks. In a world in which you can only hold one security which is the better investment and why?

Now assume that you can hold any combination of securities. Furthermore, the beta for Stock A is .8, the Beta for stock B is .4, expected inflation is 1.1%, and the real rate of return is 1.1%. The market risk premium is 4%.

State of the Economy Probability Stock A Returns Stock B Returns P*A A^2 P*A^2 P*B B^2 P*B^2
Recession 30%(0.3) -10% 1% -3 100 30 0.3 1 0.3
Moderate 20%(0.2) 5% 2% 1 25 5 0.4 4 0.8
Boom 50%(0.5) 18% 5% 9 324 162 2.5 25 12.5
              3.2   13.6
  A B
7% 3.20%
  12.17% 1.83%

___A Company just declared earnings of $1,000,000. Its earnings will grow 40% in year 1, 35% in year 2, 55% in year 3, 20% in year 4, and 5% thereafter. If the company has a payout ratio of 40% and a required rate of return of 14% what is the value of the stock today? (12 Points) What is the value of the stock at the end of year 10? Assume that there are 250,000 shares outstanding.

          You can only do this over the constant growth period

___Balance Sheet

2006         200

Cash                                                         104            160                                                   Income Statement 2007

Accounts Receivable                             455            688                                                   Net Sales                              1509

Inventory                                                 553           555                                                   Cost of Goods Sold              750

Total Current Assets                             1112         1403                                                  Depreciation                         65

Net Plant Property and Equipment   1644         1709                                                  Interest Paid                         70

Total Assets                                            2756         3112                                                  Taxable Income                  624

Accounts Payable                                   232          266                                                    Taxes                                      212

Notes Payable                                         196          123                                                    Net Income                           412

Total Current Liabilities                         428          389

Long Term Debt                                     408          454

Common Stock and Paid in Surplus    600          640

Retained earnings                                1320         1629

Total Liabilities and Owners Equity   2756         3112

1) Current Ratio =

2) Quick Ratio =

3) Average Collection Period =

4) Inventory Turnover =

5) Efficiency Ratios:

___Calculate the following ratios from the financial statements below: 1) current ratio; 2) acid-test ratio; 3) debt ratio; 4) times interest earned ratio; 5) average collection period; 6)inventory turnover; 7) gross profit margin; 8)operating income return on investment; 9) fixed asset turnover; and 10) return on equity.

Income Statement                   2007                                    Balance Sheet                                       2007

Sales                                     5390                                                            Cash                                                           2694

Cost of Goods Sold    1961                                                            Accounts Receivable                                                3928

Other Expenses            343                                                               Inventory                                                                         6370

Depreciation                  723                                                               Current Assets                                      12992

Interest                              386                                                               Net Fixed Assets                                  22614

Earnings before Taxes                      1977                                                            Total Assets                                             35606

Taxes                                    672.18                                                       Current Assets                                      12992

Net Income                     1304.82                                                    Notes Payable                                       478

Current Liabilities                              3161

Long Term Debt                                  10290

Owner’s Equity                                     22155

Total Liabilities & Owner’s Equity 35606

—–CH2:

–Gross profit=

–Operating income (EBIT) =

–Earnings before tax (EBT) =

–Earnings after tax (EAT) =

–Net income=

—–CH7:

–When discount rate (required rate of return) falls,

   When discount rate (required rate of return) rises, . 

–If the coupon rate = required rate of return, 

 If the coupon rate> required rate,

 If the coupon rate< required rate,

§   Investing in more than one security to reduce risk.

§   If two stocks are perfectly positively correlated, diversification has no effect on risk.

§   If two stocks are perfectly negatively correlated, the portfolio is perfectly diversified.

§   Market risk (systematic risk) is non-diversifiable. This type of risk cannot be diversified away.

§   Company-unique risk (unsystematic risk) is diversifiable. This type of risk can be reduced through diversification

§   Beta is a measure of the “sensitivity” of an individual stock’s returns to changes in the market.

§   A firm that has a beta = 1 has average market risk. The stock is no more or less volatile than the market.

§   A firm with a beta > 1 is more volatile than the market. (ex: technology firms)

§   A firm with a beta < 1 is less volatile than the market. (ex: utilities)

§   A stock with Beta = 0 has no systematic risk

1. Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:

Cost of debt 8%     Cost of preferred stock 12%      Cost of common stock 16%

Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?

a. $463     b. -$.22     c. $1,241     d. $1,568 

2. As the size of a financing issue increases, the _____ decreases.

a. weighted cost of capital    b. flotation cost of the issue     c. effective tax rate       d. both a and b       

3. Sonderson Corporation is undertaking a capital budgeting analysis. The firm’s beta is 1.5. The rate on six-month T-bills is 5%, and the return on the S&P 500 index is 12%. What is the appropriate cost for retained earnings in determining the firm’s cost of capital?

a.    13.1%         b. 15.5%       c. 17.7%       d. 19.9%         

4. Sputter Motors has sales of $3,450,000, total assets of $1,240,000, cost of goods sold of $2,550,000, and an inventory turnover of 6.38. What is the amount of Sputter’s inventory?

a. $421,054      b. $638,112      c. $543,000       d. $399,687     

5. GAAP, Inc. has total assets of $2,575,000, sales of $5,950,000, total liabilities of $1,855,062, and a net profit margin of 2.9%. What is GAAP’s return on equity?

A.    8.62% b. 23.97% c. 16.41% d. 4.48%    

6. Given the following information for PepsiCo, determine the company’s weighted average cost of capital. Value Cost of Capital

Restaurant Division $5 Billion 13%      Snack Foods Division $7 Billion 12%      Beverages Division $13 Billion 8%     

a. 10.12%      b. 11.00%      c. 12.10%       d. 13.00%     

7. An example of liquidity ratio is the:      a. quick ratio.       b. debt ratio.          c. times-interest-earned.         d. return on assets.        

8. The cost of capital for a firm which uses 45% debt at an after-tax cost of 10% and 55% common stock at a 15% cost is:

a. 12.25%.        b. 12.50%.         c. 12.75%.        d. 13.00%.       

9. Which of the following is the best indicator of management’s effectiveness at managing the firm’s balance sheet?

a. Debt ratio            b. Total asset turnover        c. Times-interest-earned        d. Operating profit margin        

10. Heavy Load, Inc. has sales of $3,450,000, total assets of $1,240,000, and total liabilities of $275,000, which consist strictly of notes payable. The firm’s operating profit margin is 16.1%, and it pays a 10% rate of interest on its notes payable. How much is the firm’s times-interest earned?

a. 15.6        b. 45.3       c. 20.2       d. 3.0       

1) Which of the following statements is true?             a. Current assets consist of cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and net plant, property, and equipment.

b. The quick ratio is a more restrictive measure of a firm’s liquidity than the current ratio.

c. For the average firm, inventory is considered to be more “liquid” than accounts receivable

d. A successful firm’s current liabilities should always be greater than its current assets.                                                

5) The question “Did the common stockholders receive an adequate return on their investment?” is answered through the use of:

a. liquidity ratios.        b. profitability ratios.        c. coverage ratios.         d. leverage ratios.        

6) Cost of capital is:       a. the coupon rate of debt.          b. a hurdle rate set by the board of directors.     c. the rate of return that must be earned on additional investment if firm value is to remain unchanged.            d. the average cost of the firm’s assets.            


The firm paid out $1,500,000 in dividends last year out of $5,000,000 of net income available to common stockholders. The book value of total owner’s equity is $25,000,000. was first posted on July 9, 2019 at 11:12 am.
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