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Describe the role that Challenge Administrators play in the OSHA Challenge voluntary cooperative program.

Describe the role that Challenge Administrators play in the OSHA Challenge voluntary cooperative program.

Health Unit I to Unit VIII Assignment
Unit I Assignment
Hi Jerry! This is your OSHA’s Area Director.

We received a non-formal complaint recently from one of your current employees. The complaint alleges that employees there are performing welding operations on stainless steel in an area with inadequate ventilation.

This employee also states that they frequently “cough up” black sputum, and that they are worried about the health consequences caused by this lack of ventilation.

The complaint further states that no air sampling has been performed to evaluate the employees’ exposures to welding fumes. And, that when asked for respirators, they were given “dust masks” with one strap, which were purchased at the local hardware store. The effectiveness of these dust masks for the exposure that is present is also in question.

I will also be sending you an email summarizing this non-formal complaint, so that you can respond accordingly.

Thanks Jerry! Goodbye.

Part 1

Draft a letter in response to the complaint. Your letter should summarize why you believe the complaint is invalid and no on-site inspection is required. Keep in mind, simply stating that the complaint is invalid is not adequate. You must support your opinions in the letter.

Part 2

(Answer the following question on the page 2 of your word document) Answer the questions below in a few sentences.

  1. Where does this type of complaint fit on OSHA’s Priority criteria?
  2. What factors could have made this complaint non-formal rather than formal?
  3. What steps could you take as the employer to identify the employee who filed the complaint? 4. What factors could result in this complaint being reclassified as a formal complaint?

Save both parts of this assignment in one word document to submit for grading.

Unit II Assignment
Discussion Question

Question 1

Under what conditions can an employee be denied access to the opening conference, walk-around, and closing conference? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 2

If the OSHA compliance officer requests documents that are not related to a formal complaint, what options do you believe the employer has? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 3

If OSHA determines that an employer’s response to a non-formal complaint is adequate, what options does the employee filing the non-formal complaint have? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 4

Can an employee request that an attorney or union representative attend a private conference with the compliance officer? If the union demands to have a representative present, does the employee have to comply? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Unit II Assignment

You receive a follow-up call from the area director saying the employee filing the original non-formal complaint has provided additional information about the alleged health situation and submitted a formal complaint using the OSHA-7 form, making the complaint a formal complaint. A few days later, an OSHA compliance officer shows up at your facility to perform a comprehensive inspection. The compliance officer presents the proper credentials, and you verify that the compliance officer is employed by OSHA and assigned to the local office.

During the opening conference, the compliance officer provides you with the formal complaint, alleging that employees are exposed to hazardous concentrations of metal fumes in welding areas of the plant, that you have not performed any air sampling to determine exposure levels, that adequate ventilation is not present in welding areas, and that adequate respiratory protection has not been provided to welders. As a part of the inspection, the compliance officer requests the following documents:

 Chemical inventory list;

 OSHA 300 logs;

 Hazard Communication Program, including training records;

 any sampling data that you have;

 Respiratory Protection Program, including medical clearance letters and training records;

 written hazard assessment for personal protective equipment (PPE) used at the facility;

 Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for the metals you use in the production process and any welding rods/wire used in the welding area; and

 any other written programs you have that are required by an OSHA regulation.

The compliance officer takes a walk-through tour of the facility, spending extra time in the welding areas. During the walk-through, the compliance officer points out several issues believed to be apparent violations. The issues are as follows:

 Heavy haze is present in the welding area.

 Individuals wearing half-mask air-purifying respirators have full beards.

 Employees are using chemicals that could be injurious to the eyes, and no emergency eyewash is present.

 Eyewash is present in another area of the plant that is covered in dust, and there is no indication of recent operation or inspection.

 Employees are using chemicals that could be absorbed through the skin and are not using any gloves.

 Employees are performing maintenance inside a press with no lock-out/tag-out applied.

 No written lock-out/tag-out program is available at the time of the inspection.

 Welding operation is performed near flammable materials, and no fire watch present.

 There is no record of training for fork truck drivers.

 Extension cords are stretched across walkways.

 Three containers are present in the plant with no label present on any of the containers.

 An employee could not find a SDS for the chemical he or she was using.

The compliance officer asks for a private conference room and a list of non-managerial employees. He tells you that he intends to interview four non-managerial employees before leaving for the day. He also states that he will return the next day to collect some air samples at the facility.

You are worried about the number of citations and penalties that you may face. Provide a document summarizing the steps you would take as soon as the compliance officer leaves, and the steps you believe you could have taken during the walk-through that may have resulted in a quick-fix penalty reduction.

Your document must be at least three pages in length, not counting the title or reference pages. You must also include at least one reference using appropriate APA style.

Information about accessing the Blackboard Grading Rubric for this assignment is provided below.

Unit III Assignment

You receive a document (linked below) by certified mail. After reading the document, prepare a response that summarizes the approach you would take to the citations and penalties that have been proposed. Be sure to include the following in your response:

 Steps you are required to take,

 Options available to you,

 Contacts you would make, and

 Documentation necessary to respond to the citations and penalties.

Your response must be a minimum of two pages in length, using at least one reference. All sources must be cited and a reference provide using APA style. Click here to access the OSHA citation document for this assignment. Information about accessing the Blackboard Grading Rubric for this assignment is provided below.

Unit IV Assignment

Based on the Citation and Notification of Penalty letter you received in Unit III, prepare a document that summarizes at least five actions you would take as soon as possible after you reviewed the letter. For each of the actions, you must state the following:

 the exact action,

 why you believe the action is required for the citations and penalties,

 how you believe the actions will assist in responding to the citations and penalties, and

 resources you would use to accomplish the action.

You must support your actions with reliable sources. Your response must be a minimum of two pages in length, using at least one reference. All sources must be cited, and a reference must be provided using APA style.

Information about accessing the Blackboard Grading Rubric for this assignment is provided below.

Unit V Assignment

You managed to schedule an informal conference with the area director at the regional OSHA office four days after you receive the Notice of Citations and Penalty. Based on the citations and penalties you received in Unit III, prepare a document that lists the citations and penalties you wish to discuss with the area director.

You should summarize what you are trying to accomplish in regard to each citation/penalty you choose, to include:

 The information you will use to try and accomplish your goal,

 The information you will take with you to the meeting, and

 Who will accompany you to the meeting.

You must support your actions with reliable sources. Your grade will be based on your ability to present a case to your professor (serving as the area director) to reduce either the severity of some citations, or the amount of some penalties. If you simply state that you accept the citations and penalties as written, you will receive a minimal score on the assignment.

Your response must be a minimum of two pages in length, not including the title page and reference page. You must use at least one reference in the paper. All sources must be cited in the text and on the reference page, using APA style.

Unit VI Assignment

You fail to reach an informal settlement agreement with the area director. You file a Notice to Contest within the required 15-day period. Your case is assigned to an administrative law judge (ALJ). Prepare a document summarizing the case you will submit to the ALJ. The document should discuss the following at a minimum:

 Which citations and penalties you would contest,

 the reasoning behind each contested citation and/or penalty,

 Documents you would bring to the hearing,

 Individuals you would use at the hearing,

 How the case before the ALJ differs from the informal conference,

 What information will be presented before the ALJ that was not presented in the informal conference, and

 What information you would request from OSHA as part of discovery.

You must support your actions with reliable sources. Your grade will be based on your ability to present a case to your professor, serving as the ALJ, to reduce or vacate either the severity of some citations or the amount of some penalties. If you simply state that you accept the citations and penalties as written, you will receive a minimal score on the assignment.

Your response must be a minimum of two pages in length, using at least one reference. All sources must be cited in the text and on the reference page, using APA style.

Unit VII Assignment
Assume that a fatality occurred at your facility one month prior to the OSHA inspection. Review the citations and penalties that were assessed to your facility, and respond to the following questions:

• Which of the citations could be referred to the U.S. DOJ for criminal proceedings?

• What conditions would have to be met before the citations could be referred for criminal proceedings?

• Which individuals working at your facility could face criminal charges under the Act?

• What would be the maximum prison sentence and fines that any individual would face?

• What would be the maximum fine that the company would face?

• If you were facing criminal charges under the Act, what would be your best defense?

• How could you involve the OSHRC in the criminal case(s)?

Your response must be a minimum of two pages in length, using at least one reference. All sources must be cited in the text and on the reference page, using APA style.

Unit 8- Question Answer

  1. Summarize the procedures required to achieve Star status under OSHA’s Voluntary Protection Program (VPP).
  2. Describe the role that Challenge Administrators play in the OSHA Challenge voluntary cooperative program.
  3. Provide your opinion as to which OSHA voluntary cooperative program would be the most beneficial to a small business that prints business cards and letterhead.
  4. Discuss the benefits that OSHA alliances provide to employers and workers in general industry.

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Hazard Communication Program

Hazard Communication Program

We received a non-formal complaint recently from one of your current employees. The complaint alleges that employees there are performing welding operations on stainless steel in an area with inadequate ventilation.

This employee also states that they frequently “cough up” black sputum, and that they are worried about the health consequences caused by this lack of ventilation.

The complaint further states that no air sampling has been performed to evaluate the employees’ exposures to welding fumes. And, that when asked for respirators, they were given “dust masks” with one strap, which were purchased at the local hardware store. The effectiveness of these dust masks for the exposure that is present is also in question.

I will also be sending you an email summarizing this non-formal complaint, so that you can respond accordingly.

Thanks Jerry! Goodbye.

Part 1

Draft a letter in response to the complaint. Your letter should summarize why you believe the complaint is invalid and no on-site inspection is required. Keep in mind, simply stating that the complaint is invalid is not adequate. You must support your opinions in the letter.

Part 2

(Answer the following question on the page 2 of your word document) Answer the questions below in a few sentences.

  1. Where does this type of complaint fit on OSHA’s Priority criteria?
  2. What factors could have made this complaint non-formal rather than formal?
  3. What steps could you take as the employer to identify the employee who filed the complaint? 4. What factors could result in this complaint being reclassified as a formal complaint?

Save both parts of this assignment in one word document to submit for grading.

Unit II Assignment
Discussion Question

Question 1

Under what conditions can an employee be denied access to the opening conference, walk-around, and closing conference? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 2

If the OSHA compliance officer requests documents that are not related to a formal complaint, what options do you believe the employer has? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 3

If OSHA determines that an employer’s response to a non-formal complaint is adequate, what options does the employee filing the non-formal complaint have? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 4

Can an employee request that an attorney or union representative attend a private conference with the compliance officer? If the union demands to have a representative present, does the employee have to comply? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Unit II Assignment

You receive a follow-up call from the area director saying the employee filing the original non-formal complaint has provided additional information about the alleged health situation and submitted a formal complaint using the OSHA-7 form, making the complaint a formal complaint. A few days later, an OSHA compliance officer shows up at your facility to perform a comprehensive inspection. The compliance officer presents the proper credentials, and you verify that the compliance officer is employed by OSHA and assigned to the local office.

During the opening conference, the compliance officer provides you with the formal complaint, alleging that employees are exposed to hazardous concentrations of metal fumes in welding areas of the plant, that you have not performed any air sampling to determine exposure levels, that adequate ventilation is not present in welding areas, and that adequate respiratory protection has not been provided to welders. As a part of the inspection, the compliance officer requests the following documents:

 Chemical inventory list;

 OSHA 300 logs;

 Hazard Communication Program, including training records;

 any sampling data that you have;

 Respiratory Protection Program, including medical clearance letters and training records;

 written hazard assessment for personal protective equipment (PPE) used at the facility;

 Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for the metals you use in the production process and any welding rods/wire used in the welding area; and

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summarizing this non-formal complaint, so that you can respond accordingly.

summarizing this non-formal complaint, so that you can respond accordingly.

Assignment
Unit I Assignment
Hi Jerry! This is your OSHA’s Area Director.

We received a non-formal complaint recently from one of your current employees. The complaint alleges that employees there are performing welding operations on stainless steel in an area with inadequate ventilation.

This employee also states that they frequently “cough up” black sputum, and that they are worried about the health consequences caused by this lack of ventilation.

The complaint further states that no air sampling has been performed to evaluate the employees’ exposures to welding fumes. And, that when asked for respirators, they were given “dust masks” with one strap, which were purchased at the local hardware store. The effectiveness of these dust masks for the exposure that is present is also in question.

I will also be sending you an email summarizing this non-formal complaint, so that you can respond accordingly.

Thanks Jerry! Goodbye.

Part 1

Draft a letter in response to the complaint. Your letter should summarize why you believe the complaint is invalid and no on-site inspection is required. Keep in mind, simply stating that the complaint is invalid is not adequate. You must support your opinions in the letter.

Part 2

(Answer the following question on the page 2 of your word document) Answer the questions below in a few sentences.

  1. Where does this type of complaint fit on OSHA’s Priority criteria?
  2. What factors could have made this complaint non-formal rather than formal?
  3. What steps could you take as the employer to identify the employee who filed the complaint? 4. What factors could result in this complaint being reclassified as a formal complaint?

Save both parts of this assignment in one word document to submit for grading.

Unit II Assignment
Discussion Question

Question 1

Under what conditions can an employee be denied access to the opening conference, walk-around, and closing conference? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 2

If the OSHA compliance officer requests documents that are not related to a formal complaint, what options do you believe the employer has? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 3

If OSHA determines that an employer’s response to a non-formal complaint is adequate, what options does the employee filing the non-formal complaint have? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Question 4

Can an employee request that an attorney or union representative attend a private conference with the compliance officer? If the union demands to have a representative present, does the employee have to comply? Your response should be at least 75 words in length.

Unit II Assignment

You receive a follow-up call from the area director saying the employee filing the original non-formal complaint has provided additional information about the alleged health situation and submitted a formal complaint using the OSHA-7 form, making the complaint a formal complaint. A few days later, an OSHA compliance officer shows up at your facility to perform a comprehensive inspection. The compliance officer presents the proper credentials, and you verify that the compliance officer is employed by OSHA and assigned to the local office.

During the opening conference, the compliance officer provides you with the formal complaint, alleging that employees are exposed to hazardous concentrations of metal fumes in welding areas of the plant, that you have not performed any air sampling to determine exposure levels, that adequate ventilation is not present in welding areas, and that adequate respiratory protection has not been provided to welders. As a part of the inspection, the compliance officer requests the following documents:

 Chemical inventory list;

 OSHA 300 logs;

 Hazard Communication Program, including training records;

 any sampling data that you have;

 Respiratory Protection Program, including medical clearance letters and training records;

 written hazard assessment for personal protective equipment (PPE) used at the facility;

 Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for the metals you use in the production process and any welding rods/wire used in the welding area; and

 any other written programs you have that are required by an OSHA regulation.

The compliance officer takes a walk-through tour of the facility, spending extra time in the welding areas. During the walk-through, the compliance officer points out several issues believed to be apparent violations. The issues are as follows:

 Heavy haze is present in the welding area.

 Individuals wearing half-mask air-purifying respirators have full beards.

 Employees are using chemicals that could be injurious to the eyes, and no emergency eyewash is present.

 Eyewash is present in another area of the plant that is covered in dust, and there is no indication of recent operation or inspection.

 Employees are using chemicals that could be absorbed through the skin and are not using any gloves.

 Employees are performing maintenance inside a press with no lock-out/tag-out applied.

 No written lock-out/tag-out program is available at the time of the inspection.

 Welding operation is performed near flammable materials, and no fire watch present.

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global economic systems

global economic systems

carbon dioxide was eliminated from our atmosphere, we would expect that the

Earth would:

A) cool considerably and photosynthesis would dramatically increase

B) cool considerably and photosynthesis would dramatically decrease

C) heat up considerably and photosynthesis would dramatically increase

D) heat up considerably and photosynthesis would dramatically decrease

2) Which of the following is a correlation that is causing widespread concern?

A) As atmospheric oxygen levels decline, the ozone layer is being destroyed.

B) As atmospheric carbon dioxide levels decline, the ozone layer is being destroyed.

C) As levels of methane decline, average global temperatures are increasing.

D) As levels of carbon dioxide increase, average global temperatures are increasing.

3) Which of the following is part of natural capital but not ecosystem capital?

A) solar energy used to drive photosynthesis throughout the biosphere

B) coal and oil reserves

C) the production of electrical energy from wind turbines and dams

D) the genetic diversity of all plants and animals used in modern agriculture

4) From an ecological economist’s perspective, without sustainability, as economies grow:

A) gross national product grows too

B) natural resources are renewed

C) the natural world is depleted

D) natural ecosystems are replenished

5) Natural capital includes ecosystem capital plus:

A) natural forms of energy, such as solar, wind, and flowing water

B) nonrenewable resources such as fossil fuels

C) money available to invest in growing industry

D) all of the products of photosynthesis in the biosphere

6) The concept of sustainability requires that:

A) economic growth does not exceed the renewal of natural capital

B) all sources of energy used in an economy must come from the sun

C) global economic systems are based on the harvesting of natural products

D) economies use equal portions of land, labor, and capital

7) Uncertain about the best way to keep his new lizard alive, Jerome places a heat lamp at one

end of the long lizard cage. Over several days, Jerome notices that the lizard tends to sit in a

certain place when the lamp is on. The lizard’s selection of a particular place to stay

represents its:

A) range of tolerance

B) temperature optimum

C) biotic conditioning

D) use of a limited resource

8) As global climate change warms certain mountain ranges, the temperature optima for the insect

species living on the mountain is causing these insects to:

A) move higher up the mountain

B) move down the mountain

C) move to a new biome

D) become parasitic

9) Energy is lost as it moves from one trophic level to the next because:

A) one trophic level does not consume the entire trophic level below it

B) some of the calories consumed drive cellular activities and do not add mass

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Choose from one of the following environmental topics that is an issue in your area.

Choose from one of the following environmental topics that is an issue in your area.

following environmental topics that is an issue in your area.

Sustainable Urban Planning (South Eastern Rural Area)
Create a 10-15 slide PowerPoint Presentation. The presentation should provide a detailed description of a sustainability plan for your selected environmental issue. Include the following:

Introduce your choice. Explain why this issue is important for humans, wildlife and the environment.
Detailed description of the problem. Present specific details about your selection. This might include a specific habitat, ocean, species, forest, agricultural method, or energy source.
What are the social, economic, and environmental perspectives regarding your choice?
Explain how unsustainable human consumption has caused the problem. Describe the effects the problem is creating for people, wildlife, and the environment.
Present a plan or approach that is currently being used to address this problem, or a similar problem. Is the current strategy effective. Why or why not?
Your plan to reach sustainability. Consider the sustainability plans presented in the assigned reading, videos and the Gamescape Episodes.
Explain how your plan includes social, economic, and environmental perspectives.
Identify the stakeholders in your plan (local community residents, businesses, governmental agencies, non-profit organizations,etc.). What is the role of each of these groups in ensuring that the paln is successful?
Close by reviewing your plan and explain why you think it will be more successful than current actions.
Include speaker notes for each slide totaling 7500-1050 words total

Include supporting visuals, such as photos, diagrams, and/or graphs.

Include at least four outside sources. Two of the sources must be academic journal articles from the University’s library.

Must be completed in APA format, relate to information covered in all five attached gamescapes as well as the text book chapters also attached.

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Philosophy Essay

Philosophy Essay

Is it possible to live a meaningful life? How? You must take into account one or more of the papers we read on this topic.

Arguing on the basis of subjectivism, objectivism, and hybrid value. All on Susan Wolf’s reading

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provide you with some additional information about the child?

provide you with some additional information about the child?

effective methods of assessing young children as they develop. It allows you to reflect on the information gathered and determine how you can help your students.
Step 1-Observation (NAEYC Standard 1a & 4a)Attach your anecdotal record from your target child you’ve observed from module two.Attach your learning plan from four-module

Step 2- Write-up (NAEYC Standard 4d)

In addition to submitting your anecdotal record, please attach your write-up from module 06 that includes the following sections:

1.Observation- Tell me about the thoughts which guided your observation.

What questions guided your observation?
How effective was this anecdotal record observation?

  1. Findings- Report your results and interpret what you observed.

What did you observe?
What did you learn about your target child?
What new questions do you have about your target child now?
3-Learning Plan & 4- Developmental Assessment and Write-Up NAEYC 3c & 3d )Using the observational data you have gathered throughout this semester as evidence, complete an ASQ to assess your target child’s learning and development across a variety of domains. Be sure to fill out the version of the ASQ in it’s entirety, forms link is attached.Attach your observation from module 06After you have filled out the ASQ form, complete a write up that answers the following questions:
1.What did you learn about your target child by completing the ASQ ?
2. What are the goals, benefits, and uses of assessment?Step 5 Parent Letter ( NAEYC 2a,6b, 6e )Use the findings from the completed ASQ and all the observational data you gathered throughout this semester to write a letter to your target child’s parents. The letter should demonstrate your understanding of the child’s interests and personal attributes as well as his/her growth and learning across a variety of developmental domains. Additionally, the letter should foster two-communication and a strong partnership between you and child’s parents. Use the following questions to guide you as you craft your letter:

How would you describe your target child? What are some of his/her personal attributes?
What are some of your target child’s interests? What does he/she like to do at school?
How will you continue to support your target child’s interest?
What are some of your target child’s developmental strengths and challenges?
How will you continue to support your target child’s learning and development?
What questions do you have for your target child’s parents? Are there any area where parents might be able to provide you with some additional information about the child?
Identify resources that would be helpful for this child.
What can the parents do at home to support their child’s learning and development?
Grading CriteriaThe assignment is worth 100 points.
Maximum points are given when:- The assignment is completed in Word and attached to the assignment dropbox.- The assignment is submitted using complete and well-detailed sentences.- All directions for content are followed.- The assignment contains no spelling or major grammatical errors.

Resources below

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HRIS Investment

HRIS Investment

Imagine a vendor responded to your request for a HRIS proposal. What are the indirect/direct costs and benefits of the HRIS?
What is the cost of implementation (include dollar estimates)?
Does the cost justify the HRIS investment? Explain.

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Does the cost justify the HRIS investment? Explain.

Does the cost justify the HRIS investment? Explain.

Imagine a vendor responded to your request for a HRIS proposal. What are the indirect/direct costs and benefits of the HRIS?
What is the cost of implementation (include dollar estimates)?
Does the cost justify the HRIS investment? Explain.

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