The dramatic increase in the prison population was driven by a number of factors. Sentencing reform was a major contributor to the rapid increase in the prison population, but persons who were released from prison, a process known as reentry, often returned to prison for either technical violations of parole, the most common reason for a return to prison, or for the commission of a new crime. These returns to prison, which have also been a major contributor to the increase in the prison population, are referred to as “reentry failures.”
More than 95% of persons sent to prison are released from prison. On average, most serve relatively short sentences. The vast majority of people leaving prison face many difficulties upon leaving prison that contribute to reentry failures.
In this paper, you will identify and discuss the major barriers to successful reentry.